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HER Number:MDV15071
Name:Piles Reave in the Erme Valley, Cornwood


Prehistoric Piles Reave which was possibly an outer enclosure for several settlements to the south and may be unfinished


Grid Reference:SX 639 615
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of Piles Reave; a bronze age reave in the Erme Valley that may have served as an outer enclosure for a number of settlements in the area

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/144
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • REAVE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6361, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138823.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX6461, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147975.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 97-123 (Article in Serial). SDV235265.

Piles Reave. Runs from SX642-618- to SX639-613-. Possibly an outer enclosure for several settlements to the south as Stalldown Reave was not completed.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded, with small gaps in the hollow around SX63946180.

Gerrard, S., 1993-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Curvilinear feature shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric curvilinear boundary bank or reave which runs for 650 metres across the south-west slope of Stall Down and may have been associated with several enclosures and hut settlements in this area. The reave comprises a turf-covered stone and earth bank up to 3 metres wide and a number of large earthfast stones have survived along the course. The reave does not connect with any of the prehistoric features near its southern terminal at SX6387461326 and it appears to extend no further north than SX6406861869 leading Flemming to consider this to be an unfinished reave.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 442433, SX66SW90 (Website). SDV363416.

On the steep south-east slopes of Stalldown a wall runs north-east to south west. The southern terminal fades away as it nears the modern track. Bank of small stone 1.0 metres wide by 0.3 metres high. Gap visible at SX63826143 with nearby groups of stone. Gets more substantial to north and east to 3.0 metres wide by 0.7 metres high. Further gap at SX63936178. Probably outer boundary to nearby small settlements.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138823Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6361. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1.
SDV145710Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 1993-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV147975Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6461. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. 3.
SDV235265Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 97-123.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #117087 ]
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442433, SX66SW90.

Associated Monuments

MDV4351Related to: Enclosure on the west side of the Erme Valley below Stalldown (Monument)
MDV4347Related to: Prehistoric settlement west of the River Erme, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4259Related to: Prehistoric settlement with enclosures and hut circles on the south side of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Mar 23 2020 4:52PM