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HER Number:MDV15095
Name:Bowl Barrow on Lympstone Common, 500m west of Fryingpans

Summary

One of 3 bowl barrows located on the south side of the parish boundary between Lympstone and Woodbury, shown on late 19th century Ordnance Survey map and visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SY 031 850
Map Sheet:SY08NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishLympstone
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYMPSTONE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 929884
  • National Monuments Record: 929980
  • National Monuments Record: SY08NW 36
  • National Monuments Record: SY08NW 37
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY08NW/53
  • Old SAM Ref: 33032

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BOWL BARROW (Late Neolithic to XIX - 3000 BC to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

NMR, SY08NW37 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV341776.

Three ditched mounds in a west to east line adjacent to the Bicton/Lympstone parish boundary bank on Lympstone Common. The central and east mounds are depicted on Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. Dense bracken and briars largely obscure the otherwise well-defined mounds and associated ditches. All the mounds are steep-sided and there is no evidence to suggest the presence of a bank around the outer lip of the ditch. The east mound measures 7.7 metres in diameter and stands 2.1 metres high above the bottom of the ditch which measures 1.5 metres wide and 0.4 metres deep. The top of this mound is covered in briars, it was not possible to examine the disturbance noted by Griffiths.


Royal Air Force, 13/04/1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995, 3304 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224714.

Other details: 44/86.


Hutchinson, P. O., 1872, Copy of Diary Entry, Sidmouth , May 1872 (Un-published). SDV341762.

Hutchinson, in his diary, records activity by soldiers in the vicinity during the Napoleonic wars. He refers to a "number of oval, square, and circular pits and platforms" made by General Simcoe. Other details: Plan.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Two mounds shown at this location.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1412, RAF/106G/UK/1412 4100-01 13-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352504.

The possible barrow is visible as an earthwork mound and earthwork ditch.


Conservation Section, 1982, Bowl Barrows on Lympstone Common, 531/16 (Ground Photograph). SDV341780.


Griffiths, D. M., 1982, Earthwork (Worksheet). SDV341779.

Visited 26/01/1982. One of 3 mounds, south of Lympstone/Woodbury parish boundary, shown on Ordnance Survey 6 inch County Series (circa 1890). Also appear on Ordnance Survey 25 inch, but only 2 are marked. The most easterly of these is a round ditched mound, almost 2 metres high, overall diameter 10 metres. Has part of top cut away, and a low bank (possibly the parish boundary) seems to form the northern lip of the ditch. All 3 seem to be flat topped and have steep sides. Date and furnction unknown, but P.O. Hutchinson (in his manuscript diaries in the Devon Record Office) records activity by soldiers in the vicinity during the Napoleonic wars. He refers to "a number of oval, square and circular pits and platforms, probably made by General Simcoe".


Exeter Archaeology, 1999, Archaeological Assessment of Thorn Tree Plantation, near Blackhill Quarry, Woodbury, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV336320.

One of 3 circular ditched mounds, located immediately south of the boundary between Lympstone and Woodbury parishes, which it possibly predates. This may be either a prehistoric barrow or a feature relating to military activity during the Napoleonic Wars. Other details: Site 9.


Salvatore, J. P., 1999, Bowl Barrows on Lympstone Common, 144517 (Un-published). SDV341777.

Bowl barrow on Lympstone Common (eastern of linear group of 3). Diameter 8 metres, height 2 metres. Ditch 2 metres wide, 0.65 metres deep. Parish boundary reported to respect this barrow.


Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 2001, Three Bowl Barrows on Lympstone Common (Schedule Document). SDV341782.

The monument includes 3 bowl barrows aligned almost exactly east-west and situated between 8 and 9 metres apart on Lympstone Common. The barrows lie on flat ground close to the 150 metre contour above the south facing slope of the common, which commands views down to the coast at Budleigh Salterton. All 3 barrows have clear bowl-shaped profiles. The central barrow mound is 1.5 metres in height whilst the flanking barrow mounds are 2 metres in height. They vary in diameter between 7.7 metres and 8 metres. All have an encircling ditch from which material would have been quarried for the construction of the mounds. The encircling quarry ditches vary in width between 1.4 metres and 2 metres. These ditches have become partly infilled over the millenia although they are all well defined as depressions surrounding their respective mounds and vary in depth between 0.2 metres and 0.65 metres. The easternmost barrow has a trench cut into its centre from the south, which may be the result of antiquarian activity. The barrows lie adjacent to the parish boundary between Lympstone and Woodbury, this boundary being defined at one stage by a low earthen bank. The barrows may have provided a clearly recognisable and already ancient reference point in the landscape at the time that parish boundaries were defined in the early medieval period. Other details: Map.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, 10, Part 1; 39, Part 2: Gazetteer, Site No. 133 (Report - Survey). SDV101648.

SMR records barrows (eastern of three in east/west line, see 131, 132) on southern side of parish boundary with Woodbury. Mound 8 metres high by 2 metres wide, with surrounding ditch 2 metres wide by 0.65 metre deep. Top has been cut into at some point. Parish boundary reported to respect this barrow (therefore of early, probable prehistoric date). However, possible association with the Napoleonic war activity is also suggested. During field visit profile of mound and ditch visible, however, features completely covered in dense bracken. Two small holly trees growing within north side of ditch.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, Site No. 133 (Archive - Survey). SDV358490.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003, East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey, Site No. 133 (Report - Survey). SDV359019.


Exeter Archaeology, 2003-2004, East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey, Site No. 2644 (Archive - Survey). SDV351568.

Barrow. Scheduled Monument.
See description in East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey 10, Part 1; 39, Part 2: Gazetteer, Site No. 133 - SDV101648.


Exeter Archaeology, 2007, East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007, 13-14, Site No. 2644 (Archive - Survey). SDV351571.

SMR records barrows (eastern of three in an east-west line) on southern side of parish boundary with Woodbury. Mound 2 metres high, 8 metres wide, surrounding ditch 2 metres wide, 0.65 metre deep. Top has been cut into at some point. Parish boundary reported to respect this barrow. Possible association with the Napoleonic war activity is also suggested. During field visit profile of mound and ditch visible, however, feature completely covered in dense bracken. Two small holly trees growing within north side of ditch.

Profile of mound and ditch visible but very overgrown with bracken as is the surrounding area. Small group of small trees on southern edge of ditch. A trench 0.5 metre by 1 metre wide has been cut through the southern side of the mound to the centre. This appears not to be very recent damage as partially bracken covered, although it is not known if it represents the damage referred to as ‘top cut into at some time’ recorded in HER. A piece of modern brick has been sunk into the base of the trench and the purpose is not known. It is not known if the damage has been caused by military practice activities. Very close to the East Devon Way but area not easily accessible to public due to dense vegetation.

Disturbance probably due to military activity. Re-advise military of significance of feature. Protection during any vegetation clearance.

Possible interpretation as one of a group of barrows in this area.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 97 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Condition generally satisfactory, but with significant localised problems. Principal vulnerability, localised/limited animal burrowing.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0385 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

The possible barrow is visible as an earthwork mound and earthwork ditch.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 88 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.


English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 92 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Condition generally satisfactory, but with significant localised problems. Declining. Principal vulnerability, localised/limited animal burrowing.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

One of three adjacent possible prehistoric barrows is visible as an earthwork mound and ditch on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on Lympstone Common. The sub-circular mound measures approximately 8m in diameter and is largely encircled by an earthwork ditch approximately 1m wide. The barrow is clearly visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2010.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV101648Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.26. A4 Unbound + Digital. 10, Part 1; 39, Part 2: Gazetteer, Site No. 133.
SDV224714Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 13/04/1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3304.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336320Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1999. Archaeological Assessment of Thorn Tree Plantation, near Blackhill Quarry, Woodbury. Exeter Archaeology Report. 99.71. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV341762Un-published: Hutchinson, P. O.. 1872. Copy of Diary Entry, Sidmouth , May 1872. Photocopy + Digital.
SDV341776National Monuments Record Database: NMR. SY08NW37. NMR Index. Unknown.
SDV341777Un-published: Salvatore, J. P.. 1999. Bowl Barrows on Lympstone Common. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Printout + Digital. 144517.
SDV341779Worksheet: Griffiths, D. M.. 1982. Earthwork. Devon County Sites and Monuments Register. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV341780Ground Photograph: Conservation Section. 1982. Bowl Barrows on Lympstone Common. Conservation Section Photograph Collection. Unknown. 531/16.
SDV341782Schedule Document: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2001. Three Bowl Barrows on Lympstone Common. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 97.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 88.
SDV351568Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003-2004. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material. Site No. 2644.
SDV351571Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2007. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. East Devon Access Land Archaeological Survey 2007. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 13-14, Site No. 2644.
SDV352504Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1412. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1412 4100-01 13-APR-1946.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 92.
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SY0385 22-MAY-2010. [Mapped feature: #81445 ]
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV358490Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Mixed Archive Material. Site No. 133.
SDV359019Report - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003. East Devon Heathlands Archaeological Survey. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.26. Site No. 133.

Associated Monuments

MDV15096Related to: Bowl Barrow on Lympstone Common, 500m west of Fryingpans (Monument)
MDV15097Related to: Bowl Barrow on Lympstone Common, 500m west of Fryingpans (Monument)
MDV113771Related to: Pits and Platforms on Lympstone Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4422 - Archaeological Assessment of Thorn Tree Plantation near Blackhill Quarry, Woodbury
  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 20 2018 4:53PM