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HER Number:MDV15126
Name:High Peak Hillfort, Axes

Summary

Prehistoric stone axe fragments from High Peak hillfort

Location

Grid Reference:SY 103 859
Map Sheet:SY18NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishOtterton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishOTTERTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY18NW/21/4

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Carter, G. E. L., 1930, Second Report of the Archaeological Section, 119-20 (Article in Serial). SDV338842.

"Some years ago" a Mr Harris found a polished stone celt from the inner surface of the High Peak camp.


Campbell Smith, W., 1963, Untitled Source, 146 (Article in Serial). SDV338845.

The jadeite axe is of Campbell Smith Type 2a. Length 3.4 centimeters, width 3.8 centimeters thickness 1.8 centimeters. Originally from Europe, probably via Brittany.


Pollard, S. H. M., 1966, Neolithic and Dark Age Settlements on High Peak, Sidmouth, 51-2 (Article in Serial). SDV338843.

5 stone axe fragments from High Peak. Two fragments are of greenstone, one of jadeite, one a Group IV axe of picrite (probably from Balstone Down in Cornwall), and one of flint, found by Carter. Other details: Fig 9.


Evens, E. D. + Smith, I. F. + Wallis, F. S., 1972, The identification of stone implements (Article in Serial). SDV254826.

Sectioned axes from High Peak were a jadeite axe (No 1201), a Group IV axe (No 1202) and a greenstone axe (No 1269).


Anon, 1974, A jade axe from the Somerset levels, 216-220 (Article in Serial). SDV338847.

This glaucos jade axe is mentioned in Antiquity. Found in the causewayed ditch which has a Carbon 14 date of 2860 + or - 150BC (Radiocarbon years).


Wilson, D. R., 1975, Causewayed Camps and Interrupted Ditch Systems, 179 (Article in Serial). SDV135850.

Other details: Fig 183.


Sheridan, A., 2011, The Early Neolithic of South-West England; New Insights and New Questions, 31 (Article in Serial). SDV361494.

Discussion of small scale colonisation around 39th century BC. Reference to alpine axeheads and chisels; High Peak, also Brownstone Farm, Sidmouth and Torquay area.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV135850Article in Serial: Wilson, D. R.. 1975. Causewayed Camps and Interrupted Ditch Systems. Antiquity. 49. Unknown. 179.
SDV254826Article in Serial: Evens, E. D. + Smith, I. F. + Wallis, F. S.. 1972. The identification of stone implements. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 38. Unknown.
SDV338842Article in Serial: Carter, G. E. L.. 1930. Second Report of the Archaeological Section. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 62. A5 Hardback. 119-20.
SDV338843Article in Serial: Pollard, S. H. M.. 1966. Neolithic and Dark Age Settlements on High Peak, Sidmouth. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society. 23. A5 Paperback + Digital. 51-2.
SDV338845Article in Serial: Campbell Smith, W.. 1963. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 29. Unknown. 146.
SDV338847Article in Serial: Anon. 1974. A jade axe from the Somerset levels. Antiquity. 48. Unknown. 216-220.
SDV361494Article in Serial: Sheridan, A.. 2011. The Early Neolithic of South-West England; New Insights and New Questions. British Archaeological Reports. 548. Paperback Volume. 31.

Associated Monuments

MDV15127Related to: FINDSPOT in the Parish of Otterton (Find Spot)
MDV15124Related to: High Peak Dark Age Defended Settlement (Monument)
MDV15334Related to: Neolithic Perforated Macehead, Otterton (Find Spot)
MDV15122Related to: Neolithic Settlement at High Peak (Monument)
MDV15123Related to: Neolithic Settlement on High Peak (Monument)
MDV15125Related to: Prehistoric Flint Tools from High Peak Camp (Find Spot)

Associated Finds

  • FDV3736 - AXE HEAD (Early Neolithic to Unknown - 4000 BC)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 28 2018 9:26AM