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HER Number:MDV15239
Name:Saxon Burh, Totnes

Summary

The Saxon Burh at Totnes was set up in the 9th or 10th century with its limits probably represented by the later medieval walls.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 801 604
Map Sheet:SX86SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishTotnes
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishTOTNES

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX86SW/77

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BURH (Saxon - 701 AD to 1065 AD (Between))

Full description

Lethaby, W. R., 1904-1905, The Conqueror's Castles in Devon, 179-81 (Article in Serial). SDV342523.


Reichel, O. J., 1911, The Early History of the Hundred of Colridge, 190,192,196,211,212,213,218,227 (Article in Serial). SDV155641.

The site of the Domesday Manor of 'Toteneis', which included all of Judhel's Domesday estates. Before 1123 Henry I deprived him of Totnes Castle and Borough, among other estates. The subsequent early history of the estate is given.


Hoskins, W. G., 1954, A New Survey of England: Devon, 402,505 (Monograph). SDV17562.

The Saxon Burh at Totnes almost certainly set up about the middle of 10th century and within a century it had superseded the neighbouring Burh of Halwell. Its limits are probably represented by the course of the later medieval walls. The 10 acres of settlement were first surrounded by an earthen rampart which was not replaced by stone walls until the 12th century. Figure 18. Map object also based on this source.


Biddle, M. + Hill, D., 1971, Late Saxon Planned Towns, 84 (Article in Serial). SDV342518.


Griffith, F. M., 1988, Devon's Past. An Aerial View, 89 (Monograph). SDV64198.


Slater, T. R., 1991, Controlling the South Hams: The Anglo-Saxon burh at Halwell, 57-8 (Article in Serial). SDV155659.


Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants, 1996, Assessment of Civic Centre Area, Totnes (Report - Assessment). SDV340328.

A measured sketch of sections through an embankment in 1990 orientated east to west on South Street, beneath the rear wall of Huntwell House garden at 48 High Street, was interpreted as a remnant of the Saxon Burh defences, with an apparent outer facing of flat slates.


Green, T., 2008, North Gate Lodge, Castle Street, Totnes: Results of an Archaeological Desk-Based Study, 4-5 (Report - Assessment). SDV342884.

As a borough Totnes dates from the 9th or 10th century when it was a Burh issuing coinage. What is now the upper part of the town was enclosed within a ditch and bank. It was not one of the original defensive Burhs founded during the reign of Alfred in AD 877-99 and recorded in the Burghal Hidage. The early town was founded on a promontory overlooking the bridging or fording point of the River Dart.


Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV155641Article in Serial: Reichel, O. J.. 1911. The Early History of the Hundred of Colridge. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 43. A5 Hardback. 190,192,196,211,212,213,218,227.
SDV155659Article in Serial: Slater, T. R.. 1991. Controlling the South Hams: The Anglo-Saxon burh at Halwell. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 123. A5 Paperback. 57-8.
SDV17562Monograph: Hoskins, W. G.. 1954. A New Survey of England: Devon. A New Survey of England: Devon. A5 Hardback. 402,505.
SDV340328Report - Assessment: Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants. 1996. Assessment of Civic Centre Area, Totnes. Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants Report. K477. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV342518Article in Serial: Biddle, M. + Hill, D.. 1971. Late Saxon Planned Towns. Antiquaries Journal. 51. Unknown. 84.
SDV342523Article in Serial: Lethaby, W. R.. 1904-1905. The Conqueror's Castles in Devon. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 3. Unknown. 179-81.
SDV342884Report - Assessment: Green, T.. 2008. North Gate Lodge, Castle Street, Totnes: Results of an Archaeological Desk-Based Study. Southwest Archaeology Report. 060915. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4-5.
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #81517 ]
SDV64198Monograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1988. Devon's Past. An Aerial View. Devon's Past. An Aerial View. Paperback Volume. 89.

Associated Monuments

MDV60108Parent of: Medieval Defensive Ditch and Rampart on south side of North Street, Totnes (Monument)
MDV21815Related to: Medieval Borough of Totnes (Monument)
MDV9095Related to: North Gate, High Street, Totnes (Building)
MDV9063Related to: Totnes Castle (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4545 - Assessment of Northgate Lodge, Castle Street, Totnes
  • EDV6637 - Coin hoard discovered during building works, 23-25 High Street, Totnes
  • EDV6654 - Excavation, Evans and Cutler Garage Site, North Street, Totnes Cutler garage site, North Street, Totnes Cutler garage site, North Street, Totnes
  • EDV7457 - 8 and 8a, High Street, Totnes, Devon: Historic Building Recording. (Ref: K899)

Date Last Edited:May 30 2019 12:32PM