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HER Number:MDV15287
Name:Prehistoric hut circle settlement north of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior

Summary

An enclosed hut circle settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible as stony earthwork banks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. The enclosure contains at least four hut circles. It is one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 566 648
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/89
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map with three hut circles and a track to the south.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Enclosure' shown on early 20th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5142-5143 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX5664, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV175071.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

Enclosure on Trowlesworthy Warren. Four internal hut circles 4-6 metres in diameter. Massive stones and orthostats, but only mounds in places. A well-preserved example.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Sub-circular enclosure visible containing eight hut circles, four of them attached.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140607 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 1st April 1995. Simple enclosure at SX56706488 forming part of a partially enclosed hut settlement. It survives as a 40 metre by 33 metres circular shaped area surrounded by a 2 metre wide and 0.7 metres high double faced orthostatic wall with rubble infill. At least 4 hut circles are visible within the enclosure, two of which are attached to its inner face. Lengths of boundary wall lead north and south from the enclosure and a small part of the interior has been cut by Post Medieval animal runs.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159-60, Map 51, Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Enclosure A at 'Shadyback Tor' is of Prehistoric construction. Four hut circles take up much of the interior.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 53, 102. 148a (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Three well-defined sides of a sub-rectangular enclosure remains 40 metres long by 33 metres wide with a wall 2 metres wide by 0.7 metres high. The west side has been truncated and superimposed by a later wall. The large boulder wall has inner and outer faces with a rubble core. The entrance on the east side is flanked by orthostats.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as spread earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerila photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439172, SX56SE23 (Website). SDV362732.

A sub-circular enclosure containing three, possibly four hut circles lies 100 metres north-west of Trowelsworthy Warren House. These features form part of a much larger settlement formerly occupying most of the spur above the Plym Blackabrook confluence.The enclosure measures 41 metres north to south by 38 metres and is bounded by stony banks up to 2.0 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. Two contemporary banks connect this enclosure with elements of the larger settlement. The wall of double orthostatic construction, has been mutilated on the south-west by the construction of a Medieval field wall and ditch, and used as a dump for field clearance. There is a possible original entrance, 3.0 metres wide in the south-east at the junction with a probably contemporary wall. The interior has been cleared and contains two terraced type two hut circles with average internal diameter of 6.0 metres.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Stony banks are visible within spread curvilinear earthwork banks circa 4m wide as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946 and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards, defining an oval enclosure circa 40 by 34m across, to the north of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
At least four banked circular hollows are visible within the enclosure. One is located centrally, with one each abutting the inner face of the west, north and eastern enclosure bank.
The visible earthworks are interpreted as the remains of a probable enclosed hut circle settlement of Bronze Age to Iron Age date, one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
The western and southern edges of the enclosure appear to have been incorporated into the later field system. A narrow ditch cutting through the hut circle on the eastern edge of the enclosure, visible continuing north and south of the enclosure, is possibly a field boundary ditch associated with the later field system.
The hut circles are transcribed as part of the enclosure but are also recorded separately.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159-60, Map 51, Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 53, 102. 148a.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, Figure 1.
SDV175071Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX5664. 1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140607.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5142-5143 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439172, SX56SE23.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV2537Parent of: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2538Parent of: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2539Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle in the east of Enclosure (A) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2536Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle in the north of Enclosure (A) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV126325Related to: Prehistoric enclosure north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV127064Related to: Prehistoric hut circle enclosure north of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV2466Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2544Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56780Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 9 2019 12:52PM