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HER Number:MDV15290
Name:Agglomerated enclosure with huts, Trowlesworthy Warren

Summary

An enclosed settlement, recorded by the Ordnance Survey in 1977 as three adjoining enclosures; described by English Heritage in 2001 as an enclosure with three possible entrances. Interior contains 2 terraced type hut circles, average internal diameter 6 metres, in poor condition. There is a rectangular yard, 10 metres by 8 metres is in west angle.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 575 642
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Archaeological Record: SX56SE94
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/235
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24233
  • Old SAM Ref: 10817
  • Pastscape: 439373

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Curwen, E. C., 1927, Prehistoric Agriculture in Britain, 282-6 (Article in Serial). SDV173835.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX5764, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138979.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, 47, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

A compound type enclosure on Trowlesworthy Warren. Three internal hut circles 7-9 metres in diameter, and a rectangular structure of unknown date and function. Some internal sub-divisions and lynchetting. Vermin traps. Two external hut circles. Massive enclosure walls.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56SE94 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV165582.

Centred SX 5760 6420: An enclosed settlement, comprising three adjoining enclosures, lies on a gentle, well drained south-west facing slope below Trowlesworthy Tor at 300m above OD just below the clitter.
SX 5761 6423: An enclosure, 70m by 40m and 0.3 hectares, constructed of a double row of orthostats, 1.2m apart with a small stone core; it has a negative lynchet on its upper side. There are three possible original entrances; one, 1.0m wide on the north east; another 2.0m wide, with inturns, on the south-east and the third opening into an adjacent enclosure. The boulder strewn interior contains two terraced type 2 hut circles, average internal diameter 6.0m, with walls 1.4m thick, and in poor condition. A rectangular yard, 10m by 8m, with an internal wall 1.5m wide, is in the west angle. A type 1, hut circle, internal diameter 4.5m, with a wall 1.5m thick, has a south-west facing entrance and the possible remains of a protecting wall. It is terraced into the slope immediately outside the enclosure and another Type 1 hut adjoins the enclosure on its north-east side.
SX 5758 6420: This enclosure, 60m by 55m and 0.3 hectares, is constructed of orthostatic walling 1.8m wide and is in poor condition; it is probably contemporary with the previously mentioned enclosure. It contains a poor Type 2 hut circle, internal diameter 6.5m wall 1.0m thick, linked by walling to the enclosure to form an irregular shaped yard, 20m by 15m, and a Medieval building (SX 56 SE 101).
SX 5761 6417: The remains of this enclosure, 65m by 40mand 0.25 hectares consist of a lynchetted orthostatic wall, about 2.0m wide, and probable postdates the other.
A fragmentary Type 2 hut circle, internal diameter about 5m, wall 1.2m thick, is built on the line of the wall. (Typesites: 1, SX 56 SE 19: 2, SX 56 NE 71). Surveyed at 1:10 000 on M.S.D.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated enclosure of two or three elements visible, containing six hut circles, five of them attached.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP140702 140708 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Enclosure (a) survives as a 62 metre by 54 metre irregular shaped area surrounded by a 2 metre wide and 0.7 metre high orthostatic and rubble wall. One hut circle is attached to the inner face of the enclosure wall although the relationship of 2 others which are joined to each other to the enclosure wall is uncertain. Enclosure (b) which is also irregular in shape, measures 70 metres by 37 metres and is defined by a 2 metre wide orthostat and rubble wall standing up to 0.5 metres high. Two hut circles lie within the enclosure, one is attached to the inner face and another to the outer face of the enclosure wall. Enclosure (c), the southernmost within the group, includes an irregular shaped area measuring 48 metres by 46 metres and is defined by a 1.5 metre wide orthostat and rubble wall standing up to 0.8 metres high. The enclosure wall incorporates an earlier stone hut circle in its circuit.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 156, Map 51, Figure 51.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Trowlesworthy Tors enclosures and cairn includes triple enclosure (E) which contains two vermin traps and four internal hut circles, two external ones and one hut circle within the southern boundary. Drainage ditches cross the interior of the enclosure and along with several of the hut circles of 4.8 t0 7.2 metres diameter have been deliberately filled with stone. None of the many gaps in the boundary wall originally 1.6 to 1.8 metres wide show any original features.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 24-27/102.069-071 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Enclosure 69a at SX57636420. May be primary. Area of 48 metres by 46 metres enclosed by wall 1.5 metres wide, 0.4 metres high, composed of mound, topped with boulders, including some large orthostats in west sector. North-east sector comprises generally smaller stones. Wall abuts hut circle, set in south-east sector of enclosure. Gap in north-west side may indicate entrance. One hut circle is associated with this enclosure.
Enclosure 70a at SX57636426. Enclosed area 70 metres by 37 metres. Wall 2 metres wide, 0.5 metres high. Could be secondary to enclosure 69a and earlier than enclosure 71a. Area enclosed is rectangular. Wall is composed of orthostats and rubble core, and incorporates some earthfast boulders in eastern sector. Wall is interrupted in several places, by hut circles and a vermin trap. Three gaps may represent entrances; 2, on south-west and south-east sides are flanked by expanded terminals, and one on north-east side is marked by a wall set transversely on south-east side of gap. Five hut circles are associated with this enclosure.
Enclosure 71a at SX57596423. May be secondary to enclosure 69a. Relationship with enclosure 70a is uncertain. Shares north-east wall with 70a, and south-east wall with 69a. North and south-west sides are composed of inner and outer orthostats with rubble core. In western sector, wall is less substantial and represented largely by a break in slope. One hut circle is associated with this enclosure.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(20/05/2001) Centred SX 5760 6422. Three adjoining enclosures and six hut circles lie on a moderate west-facing slope 260m west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor. The enclosures are as described in detail by the Ordnance Survey in 1977.
Four of the hut circles are contained by the enclosures and two lie outside, immediately to the south-east. All display evidence of level interiors though none have identifiable entrances. Two of the huts have been adapted to form rabbit buries.
SX 5760 6426. Measuring 5.6m by 6.1m in internal diameter with walls 1.0m wide and 0.2m high this hut possesses a deep drainage ditch around its upslope side. The excavated debris from the latter has been used to infill the hut to encourage rabbit burrowing.
SX 5763 6423. A small hut measuring 4.3m by 3.6m with crudely built walls 1.4m wide and 0.3m high.
SX 5763 6416. A robbed hut 6.5m north-south by 5.9m internally with walls 1.2m wide and a maximum of 0.8m high. The west and south walls have been removed.
SX 5759 6422. A large hut circle measuring 8.0m north-south by 7.5m with walls 1.2m wide and 0.25m high. The interior has largely been infilled for reuse as a bury.
Outside the enclosures are:
SX 5765 6423. A hut circle 5.2m in diameter with walls 1.6m wide and 0.4m high.
SX 5765 6422. 4.2m in diameter this hut has walls 1.2m wide and 0.5m high.
Later additions to the enclosures are two vermin traps (SX 56 SE 66) at SX 5759 6420 and SX 5760 6427 and an alleged medieval building (SX 56 SE 76).

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Three adjoining enclosures shown on survey data.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPTR-23 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(14/09/2020) Condition assessed as poor; heavy bracken coverage in places obscuring the huts and other features.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photographs taken during September 2020 visit.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Features shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England, 1019084 (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

Agglomerated enclosure on the south-west slope of Great Trowlesworthy Tor, 100 metres north-east of Lee Moor China Clay Works leat. Consists of 3 conjoined sub-rectangular enclosures, covering an area of 0.9 hectares. The enclosures are delimited by banks of stone and earth up to 2.5 metres wide and 0.75 metres high and incorporate at least 4 hut circles, 2 freestanding and 2 attached to the banks, one internally and one externally. Huts range in diameter from 6 metres to 11 metres and have walls up to 2 metres thick and 0.6 metres high. One enclosure has a small subdivision with a hut attached to the subdividing bank. There is a later rectangular building of unknown date or function in the western enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 156, Map 51, Figure 51.1.
SDV138979Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX5764. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 2.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 24-27/102.069-071.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, 47, Figure 1.
SDV165582Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56SE94. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV173835Article in Serial: Curwen, E. C.. 1927. Prehistoric Agriculture in Britain. Antiquity. 1. 282-6.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP140702 140708.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #117578 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1019084.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPTR-23.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV56763Parent of: Hut within enclosure, Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV52577Parent of: Possible hut circle in enclosed settlement, Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV52576Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle adjoining an Enclosed Settlement (E) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV52580Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle to east of Enclosed Settlement (E) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV52581Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle to east of Enclosed Settlement (E) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56762Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle within an Enclosed Settlement (E) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV52583Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle within an Enclosed Settlement in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV52578Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle within Enclosed Settlement (E) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56761Parent of: Unlikely hut in enclosed settlement, Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV56821Related to: Animal run north of settlement, Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV52622Related to: Ditch cutting through enclosure in Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV128277Related to: Ditch or animal run in enclosure, Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV56764Related to: Enclosure south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV2475Related to: Enclosure with hut south-east of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV15291Related to: Enclosure with huts and later animal pens, Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV2532Related to: Enclosure with huts in Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV2507Related to: Enclosure with huts near Trowlesworthy Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2530Related to: Enclosure with huts, Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV52635Related to: Enclosure within Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV2534Related to: Enclosure within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV15294Related to: Enclosures within Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV15292Related to: Group of enclosures in Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV43435Related to: Hut between enclosures, Trowlesworthy (Monument)
MDV52620Related to: Pillow mound west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV15293Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (L) within Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV15296Related to: Ruined Medieval Building in Prehistoric Enclosure (E) at Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Building)
MDV15288Related to: Settlement on the western slope of Little and Great Trowlesworthy Tors (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2464Related to: Vermin trap 800 metres south-east of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Nov 16 2020 3:13PM