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HER Number:MDV15291
Name:Enclosure with huts and later animal pens, Trowlesworthy Warren

Summary

A disturbed sub-rectangular enclosure containing two, possibly four hut circles and several small pens. The enclosure measures 74m north-south by 45m and is bounded by a stony bank around 2.0m wide and 0.7m high. Parts of the perimeter have been incorporated into a medieval field system, now abandoned, formerly part of Trowlesworthy Farm. Aside from its partial reuse the enclosure has been used as a repository for cleared surface stone and the interior remodelled using this material to create several pens. It is difficult to determine which features, other that the hut circles, are original components of this monument.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 571 643
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE229
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/236
  • Old SAM County Ref: 280
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24232
  • Old SAM Ref: 10820
  • Pastscape: 1360493

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map with several internal features.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Enclosure and hut circles shown on early 20th century map with part of the southern boundary missing.

Curwen, E. C., 1927, Prehistoric Agriculture in Britain, 282-6 (Article in Serial). SDV173835.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE16, SX56SE16 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138459.

Enclosure wall of scattered stones is 2 metres wide and 0.8 metres high.

Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1952, Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors, 64 (Article in Serial). SDV337080.

Possibly the example of an enclosure at Trowlesworthy cited as containing lynchets.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX5764 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138979.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

Enclosure on Trowlesworthy Warren. One hut circle 10 metres in diameter and five platform sites. Partly cleared interior. Figure 1, however, shows three hut circles and a probable lynchet. Some prominent orthostats.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56SE229 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363610.

(22/05/1977) SX 5711 6434. An enclosure, measuring 75m by 45m (0.3 hectares in area), constructed of orthostatic walling, 1.6m wide, with very prominent orthostats at regular 15.0m intervals. There are two entrances; one, 0.8m wide, marked by transverse boulders and 1.0m long inturns; the other, 2.0m wide with a single inturn. A third gap in the north-west angle is probably the result of Medieval re-building of the south-west wall. It contains 4 type 2 huts, average internal diameter 5.5m, walls 1.2m wide, terraced against the enclosure wall; one has entrance jambs in the south-east. There is a yard, 17m by 12m, against the east wall, adjoining one hut and linked by the remains of a smaller yard to a second hut.
Formerly recorded as part of SX 56 SE 16

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Ovoid enclosure visible containing five hut circles, three of them attached.

Mercer, R. J., 1987, An Archaeological Field Survey of the Upper Plym Valley, Dartmoor 1982-1986, 8, 10 and 12a (Report - Survey). SDV165948.

North sector of enclosure is constructed of a double row of orthostats infilled with stones. Elsewhere the wall consists of turfed over and more widely-spaced large boulders. Dimensions of the area enclosed is 70 metres by 50 metres with the wall up to 2 m etres high.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140664 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 9th April 1995. Simple enclosure at SX57086437 within an historic field system. Survives as a 70 metre by 50 metre oval area surrounded by a 2 metre wide and 1 metre high orthostatic wall with rubble infill. At least four hut circles and two platforms are visible within the enclosure, all of which are attached to its inner face. Lengths of the north and west enclosure wall partly underlie later historic field boundaries.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 158, Map 51, Figure 51.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Enclosure (I) with three or four hut circles and a series of courts around the edge.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 3, 102 012a (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Enclosure 70 metres long by 50 metres wide with a wall up to 2 metres high. The northern section of the enclosure is constructed of a double row of orthostats infilled with stones. Elsewhere the wall is turfed over with widely spaced large boulders. The north-east corner of the enclosure has collapsed inwards and a later wall is superimposed on the west side. An entrance in the northern sector is marked by a 0.8 metre wide gap flanked by large facing slabs. There is a possible lynchet against the east wall of the enclosure

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(23/05/2002) Centred SX 5711 6436. A disturbed sub-rectangular enclosure containing two, possibly four hut circles and several small pens.
The enclosure measures 74m north-south by 45m and is bounded by a stony bank around 2.0m wide and 0.7m high. Parts of the perimeter have been incorporated into a medieval field system, now abandoned, formerly part of Trowlesworthy Farm. Aside from its partial reuse the enclosure has been used as a repository for cleared surface stone and the interior remodelled using this material to create several pens. It is difficult to determine which features, other that the hut circles, are original components of this monument.
SX 5713 6433. An infilled hut circle now visible as a levelled stony platform 7.5m in diameter and 1.0m high.
?SX A ring of upright slabs and blocks enclose a levelled area measuring 6.3m north-south by 5.7m. There is no obvious entrance.
The two possible huts lie adjacent to each other at SX 5709 6438. Both consist of a level area approximately 7.0m north-south by 5m enclosed by crude stony walls that have been supplemented by later clearance stone.
The pens or yards within this enclosure are undoubtedly the result of later activity and consist of a series of poorly built loops attached mainly to the east side.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Enclosure shown on survey with many internal features.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Enclosure shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England, 1020323 (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

Enclosure 80 metres by 50 metres with bank up to 3 metres wide and 1 metre high. Six internal attached hut circles up to 10 metres diameter with walls up to 2 metres thick and 0.6 metres high.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 158, Map 51, Figure 51.1.
SDV138459Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE16. SX56SE16. Card Index. SX56SE16.
SDV138979Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX5764. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 3, 102 012a.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, Figure 1.
SDV165948Report - Survey: Mercer, R. J.. 1987. An Archaeological Field Survey of the Upper Plym Valley, Dartmoor 1982-1986. Edinburgh Archaeological Services. A4 Comb Bound. 8, 10 and 12a.
SDV173835Article in Serial: Curwen, E. C.. 1927. Prehistoric Agriculture in Britain. Antiquity. 1. 282-6.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140664.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337080Article in Serial: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1952. Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 18. Unknown. 64.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #117169 ]
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1020323.

Associated Monuments

MDV2476Parent of: Hut circle A within enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2479Parent of: Hut circle B within enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32051Parent of: Hut circle C within Enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2478Parent of: Hut circle D within enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32050Parent of: Platform within enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV32057Parent of: Possible Prehistoric Hut Circle within Enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32053Parent of: Possible Prehistoric Platform within Enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32049Parent of: Prehistoric Hut Circle (d) within Enclosure 'I' in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV52635Related to: Enclosure within Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV15292Related to: Group of enclosures in Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV32073Related to: Pillow Mound in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2532Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (C) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56764Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (F) south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2475Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (H) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2534Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (J) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV15293Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (L) within Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV15290Related to: Prehistoric Hut Circle Settlement (E) at Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV2507Related to: Prehistoric Settlement (G) near Trowlesworthy Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32072Related to: Prehistoric Unenclosed Hut Circle to the south of Enclosure (I) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32110Related to: Unenclosed Hut Circle to the south of Enclosure (I) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32109Related to: Wall running through Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 17 2020 1:55PM