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HER Number:MDV16053
Name:Earthwork enclosure, west of South Hole Farm

Summary

A substantial double banked enclosure of probable prehistoric date is visible on aerial photographs of 1945 onwards as a series of low earthwork banks, west of South Hole Farm, Georgeham.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 455 388
Map Sheet:SS43NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGeorgeham
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGEORGEHAM

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric double banked rectangular enclosure west of South Hole Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS43NE/37

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Roman - 2200 BC to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV80532.

Ploughed out double banked enclosure identified on 1946 raf aps by r. J. Silvester.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV80533.

Aph=raf 106g/uk 1501 nos.4139-40(13 may 1946)/dcc 3/22-23.


Royal Air Force, 1945, RAF/106G/LA/132, NMR RAF/106G/LA/132 5007 14-FEB-1945 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349061.

The enclosure is visible as low earthwork banks. Map object partly based on this source.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1501, NMR RAF/106G/UK/1501 4140 13-MAY-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349927.

The enclosure is visible as low earthwork banks. Map object partly based on this source.


Royal Air Force, 1957, RAF/58/2205 F21, NMR RAF/58/2205 F21 0044-0045 05-JUL-1957 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349736.

The earthworks are visible as parchmarks.


Next Perspectives, 2007, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref: SS4538 04-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349344.

The earthworks remain visible as banks. Map object partly based on this source.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 1296 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Ploughed out double banked enclosure identified on 1946 raf APs. Enclosure lies within 2 fields called 'Castle' on 1839 TA & c. 1840 TM (plot Nos 47, 806).


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

A substantial double banked enclosure of probable prehistoric date is visible on aerial photographs of 1945 onwards as a series of low earthwork banks, west of South Hole Farm, Georgeham. The earthworks enclose the tip of a small north-facing spur on a steep combe slope overlooking the confluence of two or three streams to the north. The earthworks might be interpreted as the remains of a roughly rectangular outer enclosure within which is visible a smaller, oval enclosure. The outer banks enclose an area at least 170 metres across, east to west, and 120 metres across north to south. The inner enclosure is circa 80 metres in diameter. Banks or ramparts are only visible on the western and southern sides of the outer enclosure. It is possible the northern and eastern banks are concealed by extant field boundaries or have been levelled by agricultural improvement. The earthworks remain visible on digital interactive images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2007.


Silvester, R. J., Unknown, Transcription of RAF 1947 Aerial Photo (Plan - measured). SDV80534.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 1296.
SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349061Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1945. RAF/106G/LA/132. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/106G/LA/132 5007 14-FEB-1945.
SDV349344Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2007. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref: SS4538 04-MAY-2007.
SDV349736Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1957. RAF/58/2205 F21. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/58/2205 F21 0044-0045 05-JUL-1957.
SDV349927Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1501. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/106G/UK/1501 4140 13-MAY-1946.
SDV80532Migrated Record:
SDV80533Aerial Photograph:
SDV80534Plan - measured: Silvester, R. J.. Unknown. Transcription of RAF 1947 Aerial Photo. A4 Single Sheet + Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Aug 17 2016 8:50AM