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HER Number:MDV16187
Name:Cropmark Enclosure North-West of North Bridge, Brampford Speke


A curvilinear ditched enclosure of probable later prehistoric to Roman date was visible on the west bank of the River Exe, to the east of Furze Park, Brampford Speke, as a cropmark on aerial photographs of the 1980s and 1990s.


Grid Reference:SX 929 971
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBrampford Speke
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAMPFORD SPEKE

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Undated prehistoric curvilinear enclosure north west of North Bridge

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1041368
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX99NW/133

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CURVILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Iron Age to Roman - 700 BC to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

NMR CITING MILLER, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV112473.

Ap suggests the presence of a curving linear feature, probably forming part of a curvilinear enclosure (with w-facing entrance) of uncertain date, visible as a cropmark c.250m ne of lower woodrow (nmr citing miller).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV112474.

Aph=cuc/bts 76, buo 14-15/buo 15 + bts 76 in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV112475.

Des=dprfp 1990(and photo n 30).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV112476.

Aph=cuc/bts 76(3/7/1975)/bts 76 in smr.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV112477.

Aph=cuc/buo 14-15(18/7/1975)/buo 15 in smr.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV112478.

Aph=dap/is 7,7a/(28/5/1987).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV112479.

Des=miller, a. /(28/2/1996)/rchme ap primary recording project.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV112480.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV112481.


DPRFP, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV262469.

Vis=30/3/1990 (robinson) site lies on level ground close to r exe. The missing e side of the enclosure is on the line of a small steep cliff above the river. Either the river formed the defence on this side or it has eroded any earthwork bank that once existed. Possible faint bank on line s side enclosure (dprfp).

Griffith, F. M., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV8774.

An enclosure is visible as a positive and a negative cropmark on different cuc air photographs. One curving side, with possible entrance, and one straight side can be seen. Overall length (n-s) 110m, max width visible (not total width) 45m. Other cropmarks, some geological but some linear ones probably not, are visible in the field, which lies just west of the sewage treatment works (griffith).

Horner, W., 09/07/1992, Enclosure (Aerial Photograph). SDV357211.

Map object based on this source.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4097-4098 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

The curvilinear cropmark of a ditch was very faintly visible. No evidence of the eastern edge of the enclosure could be seen on the eastern side of the River Exe.

Devon County Council, 1987, DAP 5648, DAP 5648/08 28-MAY-1987 (IS) (Aerial Photograph). SDV359276.

A curvilinear cropmark of a ditch was visible.

Devon County Council, 1992, DAP 14397, DAP 14397/7,9 09-JUL-1992 (VN) (Aerial Photograph). SDV358060.

A curvilinear cropmark of a ditch was visible. Map object based on this source.

Horner, W., 1992, DAP/VN, 7-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV357042.

Ordnance Survey, 1992, OS/92359 V, OS/92359 V 37-38 20-JUN-1992 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358055.

A curvilinear cropmark of a ditch was visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A curvilinear ditched enclosure was visible on the west bank of the River Exe, to the east of Furze Park, Brampford Speke, as a cropmark on aerial photographs of the 1980s and 1990s. The cropmark was less than 2 metres wide but defined an enclosure at least 90 to 100 metres in diameter. The eastern edge of the enclosure has possibly been eroded by the course of the River Exe. A roughly 5 metre wide break in the north-west facing section of cropmark might be evidence of an original entrance. No convincing evidence of a possible eastern edge of the enclosure surviving as a hedge bank was identified during the survey; ad aerial photographs of the 1940s might support the interpretation that significant erosion had already taken place by this date.
Many of the aerial photographs consulted by the survey are copies of DAPs held by the Historic England Archive. In some cases these have been recorded as separate sources. This is because variations in the way the prints have been processed could result in images on which archaeological features are visible to a greater or lesser degree.

Devon County Council, 2019, Google Earth Aerial Photograph Pilot Project, GE39 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363341.

(SX 92904 97080) Enclosures and linears north-east of Lower Woodrow. Enclosure MDV16187 and other linears visible on the Google Earth 2018 aerial images. Bronze Age to Romano-British in date.

Horner, W., 28/08/2014, Enclosure, Brampford Speke (Personal Comment). SDV357041.

The east side of the enclosure shown on DAP colour negative taken on 9th July 1992 may be visible in the curving hedgeline shown on the east bank of the river. This area has now been eroded but the curve is still visible in the line of the river bank.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV112473Migrated Record: NMR CITING MILLER.
SDV112474Aerial Photograph:
SDV112475Migrated Record:
SDV112476Aerial Photograph:
SDV112477Aerial Photograph:
SDV112478Aerial Photograph:
SDV112479Migrated Record:
SDV112480Aerial Photograph:
SDV112481Migrated Record:
SDV262469Migrated Record: DPRFP.
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RS 4097-4098 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357041Personal Comment: Horner, W.. 28/08/2014. Enclosure, Brampford Speke.
SDV357042Aerial Photograph: Horner, W.. 1992. DAP/VN. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 7-9.
SDV357211Aerial Photograph: Horner, W.. 09/07/1992. Enclosure. Slide + Digital.
SDV358055Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1992. OS/92359 V. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/92359 V 37-38 20-JUN-1992.
SDV358060Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1992. DAP 14397. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP 14397/7,9 09-JUL-1992 (VN).
SDV359276Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1987. DAP 5648. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP 5648/08 28-MAY-1987 (IS).
SDV8774Migrated Record: Griffith, F. M..

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Mar 12 2020 11:32AM