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HER Number:MDV16464
Name:Barrow or Outwork at Embury Beacon, Hartland

Summary

Mound beyond the outer ramparts on the northeast side of 'Embury Beacon' fort and visible as an earthwork mound on aerial photographs and on the ground from 1956.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 217 195
Map Sheet:SS21NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishHartland
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishHARTLAND

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MORPH: DE.121.23.1
  • National Monuments Record: NMR/ 9
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS21NW/509
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS21NW9

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • EARTHWORK (Unknown date)
  • BARROW (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Site of 'Tumulus' shown on 1880s-1890s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map as an earthwork to the northeast of 'Embury Beacon'.


Royal Air Force, 1956, RAF/82/1451, NMR RAF/82/145 F21 0082-0083 12-JUL-1956 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349052.

An earthwork mound is visible.


Grinsell, L. V., 1970, The Barrows of North Devon (Article in Serial). SDV7849.

Site visit 5th April 1969. Roughly circular. May be a barrow or an outwork of the promontory fort. 20 paces diameter, 3 feet high.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977 - 1984, SS21NW9 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV10449.

Site visit 20th October 1977. Rather doubtful barrow. Irregular oval mound 24 metres east-west, 12 metres north-west to south-east. Levelled on north-west side. Maximum height 1 metre.


Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology, 1979 - 1981, North Devon Barrow Survey, DCRA ND41 (Archive - Survey). SDV341310.


Griffith, F. M., 1986, DAP/HM, 4-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV10455.


Bayer, O. J., 1996, Barrows in the Torridge District of North West Devon: A Study in Distribution and Location, Hartland 13 (Undergraduate Dissertation). SDV319515.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1997, Embury Beacon, Hartland, 5-6 (Report - Survey). SDV325680.

The survey in 1997 found the mound beyond the outer ramparts of 'Embury Beacon' promontory fort was circa 20 metres by 26 metres by up to 1.1 metres high with no indication of a ditch or surface stone.


Cornwall County Council, 2002, Cornwall National Mapping Programme (Archive - Survey). SDV350748.

The barrow is visible as a medium size oblong earthwork mound on aerial photographs taken in 1956.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 336 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Irregular oval mound 24 metres east-west, 12 metres north-west - south-east. Levelled on north-west side. Ordnance Survey describe it as a 'rather doubtful barrow'.


AC Archaeology, 2013, Embury Beacon Summary - August 2013, 2 (Report - non-specific). SDV351944.

The nature of the barrow was less clear since the feature has been subject to disturbance in the form of medieval or post-medieval field boundaries and more recent truncation, including ploughing. The profile through the mound did, however, appear to be constructed of deliberately laid deposits and is consistent with the construction of a Bronze Age barrow. No encircling ditch was identified, but burnt bone and Early Bronze Age pottery are further support that this previously enigmatic structure is indeed a heavily disturbed prehistoric barrow.
The preliminary conclusions of the palaeoenvironmental analyses indicates that the barrow was constructed in an open environment.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV10449Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977 - 1984. SS21NW9. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV10455Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1986. DAP/HM. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4-6.
SDV319515Undergraduate Dissertation: Bayer, O. J.. 1996. Barrows in the Torridge District of North West Devon: A Study in Distribution and Location. University of Leicester Dissertation. A4 Stapled + Digital. Hartland 13.
SDV325680Report - Survey: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1997. Embury Beacon, Hartland. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 5-6.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 336.
SDV341310Archive - Survey: Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology. 1979 - 1981. North Devon Barrow Survey. Devon Barrow Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material. DCRA ND41.
SDV349052Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1956. RAF/82/1451. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/82/145 F21 0082-0083 12-JUL-1956.
SDV350748Archive - Survey: Cornwall County Council. 2002. Cornwall National Mapping Programme.
SDV351944Report - non-specific: AC Archaeology. 2013. Embury Beacon Summary - August 2013. AC Archaeology Report. Digital. 2.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #81792 ]
SDV7849Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. The Barrows of North Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 28. A5 Paperback.

Associated Monuments

MDV48Related to: Embury Beacon Fort (Monument)
MDV49Related to: Embury Beacon, Hartland (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4415 - Devon Barrow Survey

Date Last Edited:Aug 14 2015 10:56AM