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HER Number:MDV16576
Name:Rumsam near Barnstaple


The settlement at Rumsam may date back to the 15th century or earlier.


Grid Reference:SS 569 316
Map Sheet:SS53SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBarnstaple
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBARNSTAPLE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS53SE/229

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SETTLEMENT (XI to XXI - 1001 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Ribbon settlement of Rumsam with burgage type plots on both east and west sides of the road.

Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 27 (Monograph). SDV1312.

Balkwill, C. J., 1976, Barnstaple By-Pass, No 3 (Report - Survey). SDV71430.

Possible site of an early settlement. Buildings called Bulteels appear on the Tithe Map at the end of a ribbon settlement called Rumsam. The first documentary reference is in 1499 although the 'Rum' element could be 11th century. The settlement was once apparently a series of strips attached to buldings along a single street. The buildings are now diminished, the southernmost one lying under a new estate.

Weddell, P. J., 1990, Archaeological Recording in the Medieval Borough of Newport, Barnstaple in 1983., 113 (Article in Serial). SDV77188.

Rumsam has a similar layout to Newport with the road forming the focus for field boundaries, those on the north side of the road being shorter. This pattern may represent later enclosure of medieval fields but it is possible that Rumsam was an adjunct to Newport which never achieved urban status.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Many of the boundaries shown on the Tithe Map are still respected in the modern development of the area.

Griffiths, D. M., Unknown, Rumsam (Personal Comment). SDV85467.

Rumsam is now partly crossed by the line of Barnstaple Bypass where an old boundary bank has been removed near the deerpark.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 27.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital. [Mapped feature: #81821 ]
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV71430Report - Survey: Balkwill, C. J.. 1976. Barnstaple By-Pass. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Rural Survey. Unknown. No 3.
SDV77188Article in Serial: Weddell, P. J.. 1990. Archaeological Recording in the Medieval Borough of Newport, Barnstaple in 1983.. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 113.
SDV85467Personal Comment: Griffiths, D. M.. Unknown. Rumsam. Not Applicable.

Associated Monuments

MDV23365Related to: Deerpark Cottage, Rumsam, Barnstaple (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Aug 1 2019 1:22PM