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HER Number:MDV16821
Name:Curvilinear or D-Shaped Enclosure South of Place Farm


A curvilinear dark cropmark, visible on aerial photographs taken between 1976 and 1992, is interpreted as a possible D-shaped enclosure of later prehistoric or Roman date.


Grid Reference:SX 902 872
Map Sheet:SX98NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShillingford St. George

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric D-shaped enclosure south west of Place Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1046337
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX98NW/62

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • D SHAPED ENCLOSURE (Early Iron Age to Roman - 700 BC to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Cambridge University Collection, 1976, CAP/CBB, Devon County Council CUCAP CBB96 05-AUG-1976 (Aerial Photograph). SDV309192.

A large curvilinear or D-shaped enclosure is visible on frames 95 and 96 as a dark curvilinear cropmark.

Robinson, R., 1987 - 2000, Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project (Un-published). SDV342165.

Site occupies hollow in level ridge top. Other details: Photos I 29 30.

Devon County Council, 1992, DAP 14403, DAP 14403/7-10 26-JUN-1992 (VF) (Aerial Photograph). SDV355693.

A dark curvilinear cropmark is visible.

Horner, B., 1992, DAP/VF, 7, 8, 10, 11 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286922.

Young, A., 2005, Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Cartographic). SDV321540.

Other details: Cornwall County Council. A curvilinear ditch has been transcribed.

Young, A. & Turner, S., 2005-2006, North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records, PRN166931 (Interpretation). SDV358473.

A curvilinear transcription corresponds to the grid reference for PRN166931, recorded as “A D-shaped univallate enclosure, 51m x at least 40m, is visible as a cropmark ditch on aerial photographs (p1) and was digitally plotted as part of the National Mapping Programme. It is likely that the enclosure is prehistoric in origin”. The photograph reference is DCC DAP VF/07,08&10 (NMR SX9087/7,8&10) 26-Jun-92.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A curvilinear dark cropmark, less than 3 metres wide, is visible on specialist oblique aerial photographs taken between 1976 and 1992. It has been interpreted as a D-shaped enclosure, and the 1976 photograph appears to show a straight northern edge, although this is not as well defined as the curvilinear part, which is very clear. This feature had been transcribed during the North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass NMP project, corresponding to the grid reference for field system PRN166931, and so has not been re-transcribed for the EMDRC project. Typologically this enclosure seems likely to be later prehistoric or Roman in date.
Many of the aerial photographs consulted by the survey are copies of DAPs held by the Historic England Archive. In some cases these have been recorded as separate sources. This is because variations in the way the prints have been processed could result in images on which archaeological features are visible to a greater or lesser degree.

Unknown, Unknown, Untitled Source (Plan - sketch). SDV359159.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV286922Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1992. DAP/VF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 7, 8, 10, 11.
SDV309192Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University Collection. 1976. CAP/CBB. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Devon County Council CUCAP CBB96 05-AUG-1976.
SDV321540Cartographic: Young, A.. 2005. Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project. Plot of Cropmarks. Digital. [Mapped feature: #81900 ]
SDV342165Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1987 - 2000. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. A4 Unbound.
SDV355693Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1992. DAP 14403. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP 14403/7-10 26-JUN-1992 (VF).
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV358473Interpretation: Young, A. & Turner, S.. 2005-2006. North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records. Cornwall Council Report. Digital. PRN166931.
SDV359159Plan - sketch: Unknown. Unknown. A4 Single Sheet + Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1393 - Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project
  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Sep 9 2015 9:55AM