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HER Number:MDV16858
Name:Horse Bridge, Sydenham Damerel

Summary

15th century slate and granite road bridge over the River Tamar. Five span, with possible corbels for hanging salmon nets. Later repairs. Financed by an indulgence to penitents, it may have marked the lower limits of the Abbot of Tavistock's fishery.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 400 748
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Admin AreaCornwall
Civil ParishSydenham Damerel
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSYDENHAM DAMEREL

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/506
  • Old SAM County Ref: CORN 70

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ROAD BRIDGE (Built, XV - 1401 AD to 1500 AD (Between))

Full description

ALEXANDER, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV219470.

Horse bridge. Rubble with some ashlar dressings. Seven spans with semi- circular arches and cutwaters on both sides. Probably 15th century (mhlg). The abbot of tavistock in the early 15th century, thomas mede, gave generous contributions towards the cost of building this bridge (alexander).


1907, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263400.

"horse bridge" maked on os 6" (1907) map (os).


NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV263401.

Vis=26/9/1951 (os) bridge as described. Photographed (nmr, citing os).


NMR, CITING DOE, 1989, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263402.

Bridge over river tamar.1437 with later repairs. Roughly coursed slate stone with mainly granite coping and dressings. Long abutments and 5 triangular cut waters/pedestrian refuges, which have projecting brackets on upstream side. Probably the same builder as greystone bridge (lawhitton rural parish (nmr, citing doe, 1989).


NMR, CITING OLD CORNISH BRIDGES AND DOE/HHR:LAUNCESTON, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263403.

'horse bridge' mentioned in documents of 1437 and 1478 as 'hautes brygge'. It is of 6 arches each of 20' span and 17' high, plus one 20' span flood arch on the cornish side; width of roadway 12'. Stone brackets projecting from the upstream cutwaters may have been used to hold wooden poles for a salmon weir or net. In 1809 four of the arches belonged to devon. Listed grade ii* (nmr, citing old cornish bridges and doe/hhr:launceston).


DOE, 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263404.

Road bridge over the river tamar. Early c15. Stone rubble brought to course, parapet masonry not all brought to course and almost certainly rebuilt.5 spans with 2 flood spans and 5 tall cutwaters that rise to form refuges to the parapets. Slightly pointed recessed cut stone arches, each below a chamfered moulding with relieving arches above. Chamfered strings at the springing of the arches. A chamfered string below the parapet carried round the cutwaters produces a slightly corbelled effect. On the n side of the bridge the cutwaters have curious stone corbels which may have been used for hanging salmon nets. Some putlock holes on the n side may have been used for timber structures to get access to the nets. Horse bridge was financed by an indulgence to penitents who contributed towards its building. It may have marked the lower limits of the abbot of tavistock's fishery (doe, 1985).


AMD, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263405.

Nb: some ambiguity over listing. Nmr cite 3 doe lists:- launceston list (date unspecified) which states ii*; 1989 north cornwall (nmr give text but grade unspecified); 1985 west devon which states grade i (amd).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263406.

Mhlg/hhr:tavistock rd(1960)23.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263407.

Alexander, j. J. /tda/69(1937)265/tavistock in the 15th century.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263408.

Thomas, d. L. B. /archaeology of the devon landscape/(1980)133,138/the bridges of devon.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263409.

Des=os 6"(1907)104ne.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263411.

Doe/hhr:launceston rd/().


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263412.

Doe/hhr:sydenham damerel/(1985)172.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263413.

Doe/hhr:north cornwall/(1989)87.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263414.

Cherry, b. + pevsner, n. /buildings of england:devon/(1989)776.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263415.

Country life/(7/9/1961).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263416.

Gover, j. E. B. + mawer, a. + stenton, f. M. /the place-names of devon/(1931).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263417.

Des=dyer, m. J. + manning, p. T. /objective 5b: lower tamar valley recreation + land management initiative: cultural heritage appraisal/(1998)29/(ea report 98.60).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263418.

Thomas, d. L. B. /the bridges of devon/(1980)128-137 in timms, s.(ed)/archaeology of the devon landscape.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV263419.

Des=jewell, t. /dissertation for exeter university: bridging the tamar/(1996)30/in bradworthy pf.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1978, SX47SW1 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV263410.

Horse Bridge mentioned in documents of 1437 and 1478 as Hautes Brygge. It is of six arches, each of 20ft span and 17ft high, plus one 20ft span flood arch on the Cornish side; width of roadway 12ft. Henderson and Coates, 1950-51.

Stone brackets projecting from the upstream cutwaters may have been used to hold wooden poles for a salmon weir or net.

In 1809 four of the arches belonged to Devon.

The original bridge still stands and is in good condition. Site visit, 17/07/1950.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, 1165822 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

Horse Bridge. Road bridge over the River Tamar. 1437 with later repairs. Roughly coursed slate stone with mainly granite coping and dressings. Five spans with hood-water arch to bank on each side, that to Cornish side more sharply pointed. Five tall cutwaters that rise to form triangular refuges to the parapets. Slightly pointed recessed cut stone arches, each below a chamfered moulding with relieving arches above. Chamfered strings at the springing of the arches. A chamfered string below the parapet carried round the cutwaters produces a slightly corbelled effect. On the north side of the bridge the cutwaters have curious stone corbels which may have been used for hanging salmon nets. Some putlock holes on the north side may have been used for timber structures to get access to the nets. Horse Bridge was financed by an indulgence to penitents who contributed towards its building. It may have marked the lower limits of the Abbot of Tavistock's fishery. Probably by the same builder as Greystone Bridge, Lawhitton Rural CP (qv).

The asset was previously listed twice also at List entry 1290978. That entry was removed from the List on 1 September 2016.

This entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 1 September 2016. .

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219470Migrated Record: ALEXANDER.
SDV263400Migrated Record: 1907.
SDV263401Report - Survey: NMR, CITING OS.
SDV263402Migrated Record: NMR, CITING DOE, 1989.
SDV263403Migrated Record: NMR, CITING OLD CORNISH BRIDGES AND DOE/HHR:LAUNCESTON.
SDV263404Migrated Record: DOE, 1985.
SDV263405Migrated Record: AMD.
SDV263406Migrated Record:
SDV263407Migrated Record:
SDV263408Migrated Record:
SDV263409Migrated Record:
SDV263410Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1978. SX47SW1. OSAD Card. Card Index + Digital.
SDV263411Migrated Record:
SDV263412Migrated Record:
SDV263413Migrated Record:
SDV263414Migrated Record:
SDV263415Migrated Record:
SDV263416Migrated Record:
SDV263417Migrated Record:
SDV263418Migrated Record:
SDV263419Migrated Record:
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1165822.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 1 2018 8:28AM