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HER Number:MDV17024
Name:Linhay on Braunton Marsh, 400 metres north-east of the Great Sluice


Two adjoining cattle shelters or linhays on field boundary. The earliest of the two dates to about 1815-20 and faces east with a monopitch roof. The second linhay was added to the rear of the original shelter in the mid 19th century and has a gable-ended roof with open fronts to north and south. Restored in 1984.


Grid Reference:SS 479 345
Map Sheet:SS43SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBraunton
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAUNTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS43SE/47
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 98294

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LINHAY (Built, XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, 06/04/1984, Going to Work on the Marshes (Article in Serial). SDV351417.

Restoration work on the historic stone linhays on Braunton Marshes is to be aided by a grant from Devon County Council.

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Building depicted in north-east corner of field 499.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Building depicted.

Turpin, J. W., 1982, Braunton Great Field and Marshes, 8 (Report - non-specific). SDV341027.

Erected following reclamation of the marshes, linhays provided shelter for stock, and contribute to the character of the area.

Timms, S. C., 1982, Braunton Marsh Linhays (Personal Comment). SDV341134.

One of a number of agricultural buildings erected in fields on Braunton Marsh which was reclaimed in 1811-15. Shown on Braunton parish tithe map circa 1840.

Dennis, A. J., 1983, Braunton Marshes Linhay Survey (Archive - Survey). SDV341136.

Linhay 10. 2.1 metres high by 7.8 metres wide by 10.3 metres long. Two doorways with flat arches. Ruinous. Annotated survey drawing showing the lean-to with two entranceways reaching to wall plate level with the gable-ended double fronted building, with formerly a wall down the centre, attached at right angles to the rear of the building.

Dennis, A. J., 1983, Linhay 10 (Ground Photograph). SDV357330.

Photos showing the gable-ended building in a dilapidated and roofless state. The building was originally a double open-fronted building with bullnosed brick quoins, with a dividing wall down the centre; there is the stub of a wall against one gable end.

Unknown, 1984, Linhay 10 Restoration (Ground Photograph). SDV357331.

Set of photos showing restoration of linhay in 1984 by a Manpower Services Team. The black and white photos show the MSC team at work and the colour photos show the building nearing completion.

Department of Environment, 1985, Braunton, 19 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV73918.

Manning, C., 2007, Braunton Marsh Management Study 2007, 8, 23 (Report - non-specific). SDV341104.

The Marsh linhays are intrinsically associated with the traditional cattle farming of the area, and their construction is believed to have started almost immediately after the initial enclosure was completed. Almost all linhays appear to have been built by the time of the 1842 tithe map of Braunton Parish. Linhays are 2 storey, open-sided cattle shelters, with a talet which was used to store feed. This study has produced a photographic inventory of the current condition of the Marsh linhays, together with any known sites of linhays which have now been lost forever.

Wessex Archaeology, 2007, RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment, 10 (WA31) (Report - Assessment). SDV342125.

Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 770 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Two adjoining cattle shelters 40 [sic] metres north-east of the great sluice. 2 adjoining cattle shelters on field boundary. Circa 1815-20 and circa mid C19, restored 1984. Shale rubble, mid C19 addition has red brick dressings. Plain tile roofs. 1815 shelter to east has monopitch roof with 2 wide openings on east front. Mid C19 shelter to west built at right angles at rear of original shelter. Gable- ended roof and 2-bay open fronts to north and south with square central piers supporting the roof. These cattle shelters (locally known as linhays) are 2 of many on Braunton Marsh and served as shelters and probably fodder stores for cattle on the marsh. Braunton Marsh was probably reclaimed in the Middle Ages from tidal waters of the River Taw but from 1811-15 the marsh was more extensively drained after authorization by Act of Parliament (1811) as a result of the endeavours of the Lords of the Manors of Braunton Gorges, Braunton Abbotts, Braunton Arundel and Saunton and others who had grazing rights on the marshes. They sought to enclose Braunton Marsh which was regularly flooded by tidal water. 949 acres were reclaimed. John Pascoe was the surveyor and James Green (County Surveyor) the engineer. The adjacent Horsey Island to the south east was reclaimed between 1852- 1857. Historically these late enclosures are particularly interesting in Braunton where the Great Field immediately north of the marsh is one of only 3 open field systems to survive in England. Although today (1984) there are only 5 farmers on the Great Field their holdings are still widely dispersed over the field as they were in the Middle Ages when there were about 100 farmers.

Historic England, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV358087.

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 16/07/2015.
2 adjoining cattle shelters 400 metres north-east of The Great Sluice. Formerly listed as 2 adjoining cattle shelters 40 metres north-east of The Great Sluice.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 770.
SDV341027Report - non-specific: Turpin, J. W.. 1982. Braunton Great Field and Marshes. Devon County Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 8.
SDV341104Report - non-specific: Manning, C.. 2007. Braunton Marsh Management Study 2007. Taw Torridge Estuary Forum Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 8, 23.
SDV341134Personal Comment: Timms, S. C.. 1982. Braunton Marsh Linhays. Unknown.
SDV341136Archive - Survey: Dennis, A. J.. 1983. Braunton Marshes Linhay Survey. Braunton Marsh Linhay Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material.
SDV342125Report - Assessment: Wessex Archaeology. 2007. RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment. Wessex Archaeology Report. 67300.01. A4 Stapled + Digital. 10 (WA31).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV351417Article in Serial: Unknown. 06/04/1984. Going to Work on the Marshes. Bideford Gazette. Newspaper/Magazine Cutting + Digital.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #81980 ]
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website.
SDV357330Ground Photograph: Dennis, A. J.. 1983. Linhay 10. Braunton Marshes Linhay Survey. Photograph (Paper) + Digital.
SDV357331Ground Photograph: Unknown. 1984. Linhay 10 Restoration. Photograph (Paper) + Digital.
SDV358087National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV73918List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1985. Braunton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 19.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4490 - RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment
  • EDV6573 - Braunton Marshes Linhay Survey

Date Last Edited:Dec 11 2015 3:55PM