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HER Number:MDV18702
Name:Middle Mill, Cullompton

Summary

Middle Mill had two waterwheels in the 18th century, each serving a mill on opposite sides of the leat. The buildings, used for an engineering works during the 20th century, have now largely been demolished.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 022 073
Map Sheet:ST00NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST00NW/38

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WATERMILL (XVIII to XIX - 1701 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Bayer, O. J., 17/10/2000, Archaeological Recording on the SWW Sewer Requisition Pipeline at Court Farm, Cullompton (Report - Watching Brief). SDV13930.

Middle Mill has been suggested as the site of the late 18th or early 19th century Bilbie's Bell Foundry.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, Untitled Source (Cartographic). SDV54691.

Middle Mill (Axle Works) shown on 1880s-90s 25" OS map.


Phillips, M. C. + Wilson, R. E., 1974 - 1977, Water Mills in East Devon, 83-4 (Article in Serial). SDV42946.

Middle Mills. Earliest documentary reference in 1781. Changes of ownership and lease during the 19th century are given. The building was later occupied by an engineering firm.


Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 6, 14 (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.


Exeter Archaeology, 2000, SWW Sewer Requisition Pipeline at Court Farm: Archaeological Assessment of the Re-routing of the Middle Mill Replacement Pipe (Report - Assessment). SDV54689.

An archaeological assessment at Middle Mill in 2000 identified a building which may represent the demolished mill owners house. The presence of metal slag in the lane adjoining the site suggests industrial activity.


Bodman, M., 2003, Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 54 (Report - Interim). SDV325576.

The 1851 census lists Middle Mill Lane, commemorating the mill that existed at the eastern end.


Watts, M., 2006, The Cullompton or Town Leat, 1-2 (Un-published). SDV338341.

The earliest certain documentary evidence for Middle Mill appears to be a mortgage deed of 1700 which refers to 'six mills commonly called or known by the name of Cullompton Mills'. These are presumed to be Higher, Middle and Lower Mills. The site of Middle Mill was used for several different purposes suring its working life. In the 18th century there were two waterwheels, each serving a mill on opposite sides of the leat. In 1793 that on the town side was a grist mill, while on the other side was a leather mill, which later burnt down. By 1831 the grist mill had been converted for use as a woollen manufactory. The site is also associated with Bilbies bell foundry. The site is shown as an Axle Works on the 1889 Ordnance Survey map and in 1911 the site was occupied by the Middle Mills Engineering Company. The millpond has now been filled in and the buildings largely demolished. Documentary evidence indicates disputes between Middle Mill and the other mills on the leat over water supply.


Morton, R., 2007, Land at Station Road Cullompton, Devon. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment for Tesco Stores Ltd, 4,8,11,14,15,17 (Report - Assessment). SDV338659.

The earliest documentary references to Middle Mill are from the early 18th century. The six mills mentioned in a mortgage deed of 1700 are likely to include Middle Mill. In 1718, two water wheels are recorded in the possession of John Pigeon. Associated with a bell foundry between 1754 and 1813. Converted to woollen manufacture by 1813. Shown as 'Axle Works' on 1904 OS map and used as engineering works for much of 20th century. Metal slag found in vicinity. Buildings fell into disuse from 1970s and were gradually demolished. A small ruinous part of the buildings lies to the west side of the leat. The exact location of former 18th century buildings at Middle Mill is uncertain but likely that situated adjacent to documented structures.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV13930Report - Watching Brief: Bayer, O. J.. 17/10/2000. Archaeological Recording on the SWW Sewer Requisition Pipeline at Court Farm, Cullompton. Exeter Archaeology Historic Environment Record Entry. 4036. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 6, 14.
SDV325576Report - Interim: Bodman, M.. 2003. Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 54.
SDV338341Un-published: Watts, M.. 2006. The Cullompton or Town Leat. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1-2.
SDV338659Report - Assessment: Morton, R.. 2007. Land at Station Road Cullompton, Devon. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment for Tesco Stores Ltd. Cotswold Archaeology Report. 07059. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4,8,11,14,15,17.
SDV42946Article in Serial: Phillips, M. C. + Wilson, R. E.. 1974 - 1977. Water Mills in East Devon. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 33. Unknown. 83-4.
SDV54689Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2000. SWW Sewer Requisition Pipeline at Court Farm: Archaeological Assessment of the Re-routing of the Middle Mill Replacement Pipe. Exeter Archaeology Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV54691Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. 25".

Associated Monuments

MDV65780Related to: Cullompton Leat (Monument)
MDV73789Related to: Great Mill Meadow, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV18703Related to: Higher Mill, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV18704Related to: Lower Mill, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV69871Related to: Mill Pond North of Lower Mill (Monument)
MDV65728Related to: Millstone, Middle Mills (Monument)
MDV65779Related to: Wall near Middle Mill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4242 - Desk-based Assessment of Land at Station Road, Cullompton, Devon

Date Last Edited:Oct 7 2015 2:06PM