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HER Number:MDV18703
Name:Higher Mill, Cullompton

Summary

Higher Mill, also called Town Roller Mills or Town Mill, appears to have always been used for grinding corn. At the beginning of the 19th century it was powered by two waterwheels

Location

Grid Reference:ST 022 074
Map Sheet:ST00NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST00NW/37

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WATERMILL (XVII to XIX - 1601 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Higher Mill (Corn)' marked on 1880s-1890s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Higher Mill shown as a complex of buildings on the west side of the mill stream.


Phillips, M. C. + Wilson, R. E., 1974 - 1977, Water Mills in East Devon, 83, 84 (Article in Serial). SDV42946.

Higher Mill. A water-powered grist mill later converted to turbine. Documentary evidence from 1856 onwards. Now in use as a factory.


Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 6, 15 (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.


Bodman, M., 2003, Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 46 (Report - Interim). SDV325576.

In 1898 Higher Mills were described as fitted with a pair of 4 foot millstones. A dwelling house and stable were part of the property. Also called Town Roller Mills and Town Mill.


Watts, M., 2006, The Cullompton or Town Leat, 1-2 (Un-published). SDV338341.

The earliest documentary reference to Higher Mill appears to be a mortgage deed of 1700 which refers to six mills commonly called or known by the name of Cullompton Mills'. These are presumed to be Higher, Middle and Lower Mills. Higher Mill seems to have always been used for grinding corn. Possibly the mill depicted in a watercolour by Swete circa 1800. Advertised for sale in 1800 with two undershot waterwheels driving four pairs of millstones. A painting of circa 1848 shows the mill with a single, large, breastshot wheel. A turbine and roller plant were installed in 1893, the mill having been rebuilt about this time. Power was subsequently supplemented by an oil engine. The mill continued to work until 1974. Now house converted. The turbine is still in place.


Morton, R., 2007, Land at Station Road Cullompton, Devon. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment for Tesco Stores Ltd, 4,11-12,14,17 (Report - Assessment). SDV338659.

Also known as Clarke's Mill. Tenanted by John Pigeon in 1800 and 1856. Water turbine and roller plant installed in 1893 to supplement waterwheel and millstones. Mill continued to operate until mid 1970s, mainly occupied by Balsden Agricultural Merchants. Now converted. Turbine still in place.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 6, 15.
SDV325576Report - Interim: Bodman, M.. 2003. Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 46.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV338341Un-published: Watts, M.. 2006. The Cullompton or Town Leat. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1-2.
SDV338659Report - Assessment: Morton, R.. 2007. Land at Station Road Cullompton, Devon. Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment for Tesco Stores Ltd. Cotswold Archaeology Report. 07059. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4,11-12,14,17.
SDV42946Article in Serial: Phillips, M. C. + Wilson, R. E.. 1974 - 1977. Water Mills in East Devon. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 33. Unknown. 83, 84.

Associated Monuments

MDV65780Related to: Cullompton Leat (Monument)
MDV73789Related to: Great Mill Meadow, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV18704Related to: Lower Mill, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV18702Related to: Middle Mill, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV61282Related to: Orchard, Higher Mill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4242 - Desk-based Assessment of Land at Station Road, Cullompton, Devon

Date Last Edited:Jul 18 2012 11:53AM