HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV18847
Name:Morwood's Causeway

Summary

The route of Morwood’s Causeway is marked on 19th century mapping and is visible as a series of curvilinear and linear earthworks on aerial photographs of 1971 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2016, to the west of Northams Farm, Yarcombe.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 230 103
Map Sheet:ST21SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishYarcombe
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishYARCOMBE

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks of a medieval deserted settlement and field system and Morwood's Causeway (possible former roman road), south-east of Northams Farm, Yarcombe

Other References/Statuses

  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1065478
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST21SW/7
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ROAD (Roman to Late Medieval - 43 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Davidson, J. B., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV101772.

Davidson's description of part of the causeway at st232101 suggests a roman construction method, though its position on a valley side and its alignment make it difficult to equate with any major roman routes. The remains are now of very limited extent. An 1839 plan suggests it extended to stopgate (see st20nw/166) (simpson et al). Vis=23/9/1992 (simpson + noble) the position of morwoods causeway varies on different maps. The most identifiable feature appears to be or to incorporate a medieval lynchet from st 23250999 to st22601078 and is visible as a terrace or double terrace for much of its length (emafu)vis=morwood's causeway has been suggested as part of a roman road which ran s from the yarty valley in the direction of the a303/a30 (davidson).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116819.

Tyler, f. C. /dcnq/16(1930-1931)66-71,map/trackways.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116820.

Davidson/british and roman remains in the neighbourhood of axminster/ (1833)70ff.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116821.

Simpson, s. J. + turton, s. D. + weddell, p. J. /a preliminary archaeological assessment of the preferred route of the a30/a303 (honiton-marsh) and a35 honiton eastern bypass/(1989)9/(emafu report 89.16).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116822.

Des=emafu blackdown hills survey 1992 archive/sketch.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116823.

Des=slide/(23/9/1992)/in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116824.

Des=colour print/(23/9/1992)/film no bh 4 frame no 2-4, 6-8/in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116825.

Des=b/w print/(23/9/1992)film no bh 22 frame no 18-20 22-24/in smr.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116826.

Davidson/british and roman remains in the vicinity of axminster/(1833)70-1.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116828.

Dro=deposited plan 138/(1839).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV116829.

Dro=yarcombe enclosure award/(1817).

Tyler, F. C., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV60224.

Morwood's causeway. Marked on os maps as running between northam and croakham farms. Not earlier than medieval (tyler).

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Morwood's Causeway (Supposed) Roman Road' shown.

Worth, R. N., 1891, President's Address, 60, 92 (Article in Serial). SDV158810.

Ancient Roads
Marwood's Causeway in Yarcombe, about half a km long, crossing a flat boggy part of the hill. May be a Roman road, or possibly medieval. Davidson says that it was about 15 feet wide, composed of very large flint stones, laid together compactly with the flat sides uppermost, and resting on a deep stratum of smaller stones and gravel. At intervals of about six feet, there was a cavity or channel across it, which caused the intermediate portions to assume the shape of arches, and formed a furrow or gutter to facilitate drainage. This road was destroyed to make a turnpike. Probably medieval.

Royal Air Force, 1971, RAF/39/3821, RAF/39/3821 V 079-80 29-OCT-1971 (Aerial Photograph). SDV359591.

Linear earthworks are visible.

Goodyear, R. I., 1990, ? Roman Road (Worksheet). SDV116827.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object partly based on this Source.

Bluesky International, 2016, LiDAR DTM data (0.5m resolution) Blackdown Hills and East Devon AONBs: 3 transects, LIDAR ST2210 Bluesky International DTM 30-APR-2016 & 04-MAY-2016 (Cartographic). SDV359714.

Linear earthwork ditch and banked features are visible. Map object partly based on this source.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2016-2018, The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV359463.

Curvilinear and linear earthworks which form part of Morwood’s Causeway are visible on aerial photographs of 1971 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured in 2016, to the west of Northams Farm, Yarcombe. The route of the causeway is partly shown on the Ordnance Survey First Edition map. Only a short section of 225m to the immediate west of Northams Farm was however, transcribed during this survey. The causeway here is northwest to southeast aligned and appears to have been terraced into and along a natural scarp. It comprises a 2.5m wide cutting flanked on either side with earthwork banks. The route of the causeway likely continues along one of the cultivation terraces to the immediate northwest, although could not be traced.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV101772Migrated Record: Davidson, J. B..
SDV116819Migrated Record:
SDV116820Migrated Record:
SDV116821Migrated Record:
SDV116822Migrated Record:
SDV116823Migrated Record:
SDV116824Migrated Record:
SDV116825Migrated Record:
SDV116826Migrated Record:
SDV116827Worksheet: Goodyear, R. I.. 1990. ? Roman Road. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV116828Migrated Record:
SDV116829Migrated Record:
SDV158810Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1891. President's Address. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 23. A5 Hardback. 60, 92.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #82357 ]
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV359463Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2016-2018. The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:2
SDV359591Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1971. RAF/39/3821. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/39/3821 V 079-80 29-OCT-1971.
SDV359714Cartographic: Bluesky International. 2016. LiDAR DTM data (0.5m resolution) Blackdown Hills and East Devon AONBs: 3 transects. Not applicable. Digital. LIDAR ST2210 Bluesky International DTM 30-APR-2016 & 04-MAY-2016.
SDV60224Migrated Record: Tyler, F. C..

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6910 - Desk Based Assessment, A30/A303 Honiton to Devonshire Inn Improvement Scheme, Honiton, Devon (Ref: 111160.01)
  • EDV7508 - The Blackdown Hills AONB and East Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Ref: ACD1228)

Date Last Edited:Mar 11 2020 2:27PM