HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV19187
Name:Field system on Orley Common, Denbury and Torbryan

Summary

Earthwork banks interpreted as the remains of a possible prehistoric field system are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, on a limestone plateau on Orley Common, Denbury and Torbryan.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 825 663
Map Sheet:SX86NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishDenbury and Torbryan
Civil ParishIpplepen
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishIPPLEPEN
Ecclesiastical ParishTORBRYAN

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 446369
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX86NW/57

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

GALLANT + LUXTON + COLLMAN, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV288111.

The plateau forms the highest east side of orley common with a gradual descent on all sides. Some of the site is open ground but sporadic scrub, virtually impenetrable in places, created difficulties during surveying. One bank of 0.4m is higher than the rest; a pillow mound is over 0.3m high. There appears to be a further bank north of the planned features, but thick undergrowth prevented exploration. Roman pottery of the 4th century has been picked up on the surface according to masson philips. In 1984 many of the features surveyed were obscured or semi-obscured by vegetation (gallant + luxton + collman).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV314092.

Des=gallant, l. /list of field systems/(15/11/1980)in ipplepen parish file.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV314093.

Gallant, l. + luxton, n. + collman, m. /pdas/43(1985)28/ancient fields on the south devon limestone plateau/fig 4.


GALLANT, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV943.

Field system on orley common. One of a group of thirteen possible field systems which have been identified on the limestone in south devon. Approx.8 hectares in extent (gallant).


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The earthworks do not correspond with any linear features in this location which is shown as unenclosed land.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp4 5346-47 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

A series of earthwork banks is visible.


Pye, A. R. + Noble, S. + Turton, S. D., 1992, Archaeological Survey and Assessment at Greenawell Park Farm, West Ogwell, 19-21 (Report - Survey). SDV344412.

Other details: Figure 1, site 8.


Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX8266 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A series of earthwork banks is visible.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (AI&M) (Interpretation). SDV361305.

A series of earthwork banks, between 4-12m in width, are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, on a limestone plateau on Orley Common, Denbury and Torbryan. The fragmented linear and sinuous earthworks occupy an area of approximately 10 hectares, are variously aligned and define a number of rectilinear and irregularly shaped enclosures. The earthworks do not correspond with any linear features shown in this location on the mid-19th century Parish Tithe Map which is shown as unenclosed, nor do they obviously respect the surrounding historic field patterns. They are therefore interpreted as field boundaries of a relict field system of potential prehistoric date. Several associated discrete mounds are also visible and have been interpreted as the eroded remnants of additional field boundaries and clearance cairns, the latter being recorded as a separate monument (MDV122750).


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019, South Devon Coast to Dartmoor AI&M Survey, Area 1 Site Visit, 03-MAY-2019 (Site Visit). SDV363000.

Earthworks of banks bisected by a footpath were visible along the eastern edge of Orley Common. The earthworks corresponded to the NMP/AI&M transcriptions. Much of the remaining extent of Orley Common is covered in dense vegetation obscuring and so was not investigated.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV288111Migrated Record: GALLANT + LUXTON + COLLMAN.
SDV314092Migrated Record:
SDV314093Migrated Record:
SDV344412Report - Survey: Pye, A. R. + Noble, S. + Turton, S. D.. 1992. Archaeological Survey and Assessment at Greenawell Park Farm, West Ogwell. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 92.26. A4 Stapled + Digital. 19-21.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp4 5346-47 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (AI&M). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX8266 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #112742 ]
SDV363000Site Visit: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019. South Devon Coast to Dartmoor AI&M Survey, Area 1 Site Visit. AC Archaeology. Photograph (Digital). 03-MAY-2019.
Linked images:11
SDV943Migrated Record: GALLANT.

Associated Monuments

MDV122750Related to: Possible clearance cairns, on Orley Common, Denbury and Torbryan (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:May 7 2019 3:35PM