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HER Number:MDV19429
Name:Standon Farm, Peter Tavy

Summary

Standon farmstead dates to at least the mid-13th century, based on documentary evidence. The farm was gradually split up and was eventually abandoned in the 1960s. Used by the military as a training base, farmhouse was demolished and the remaining buildings have been converted into military accommodation.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 545 814
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SW/101
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XIII to XX - 1242 AD to 1977 AD (Between))
  • TRAINING CAMP (XX to XXI - 1980 AD to 2015 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Standon' marked on 1880s-1890s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map, comprising buildings ranged around a rectangular yard, on north, east and south sides. Structure also shown at the western side of the yard.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 233 (Monograph). SDV1312.

Standon is 'Standune' or 'Stondon' in 1242, meaning 'stone hill'.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1982, Farmhouse at Standon Farm (Worksheet). SDV217759.

Site visit 5th January 1982. Burnt-out shell of a 19th century dwelling with a farmyard complex of single storey, roofed buildings. The south gable of the house has a granite datestone set into it which reads 'E C/1878'.
According to information from Ministry of Defence staff it was apparently used as a 'retreat' by John Profumo and Christine Keeler.
The Ministry of Defence plans to demolish the structure.


The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit, 1985, The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV340940.

To the immediate east, in a right angle formed by field boundaries; a collection of buildings / rectangular enclosures.


Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.


Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.


Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.


English Heritage, 2005, Survey Information (miscellaneous date) (Report - Survey). SDV345855.

Standon Farmhouse was demolished in 1977. The remaining dwelling and agricultural buildings have been converted into military accommodation. The associated fields and agricultural features including pens and an amorphous mound survive.


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2006, Scanned sections of the Dartmoor Tithe Maps (farmsteads and settlements) (Cartographic). SDV357646.

Standon farm is depicted on the Tithe Map; 669 on the apportionment. The farmhouse is a narrow rectangular building lying to the south of the yard, with two associated buildings to the north and west of the yard.


Greeves, T., 2009, Standon Farm: an historical and archaeological survey, Figure 23 (Report - Survey). SDV360465.

Standon farm was occupied from the mid 14th century until 1960. The old farmhouse has a datestone of 1746 but is probably on the site of an earlier dwelling. The new farmhouse built in the 19th century was destroyed by fire on 18th May 1977. The farmstead includes the old and new farmhouses , a barn and two shippons.


History Group Minutes, 2011, Widecombe in the Moor, http://www.widecombe-in-the-moor.com/history/minutes/2011/talks_nov_2011.php (Website). SDV347726.

History Group Talk November 2011: Four Willsworthy Farms from medieval times to the 20th Century (Tom Greeves)
Standon Farm: This farm referred to as Standune in records dated 1242/3, had various occupiers over the years. In 1330 the two occupier’s names appear in a book listing names of Tinners exempt from paying dues. This farm gradually got split up over the years, due to a habit in inheritance procedures, of dividing a holding between the various offspring of the family. A couple of stones still visible on the site, carry dates of interest, 1746 is one, but the stone dated 1870 carries the initials of Edwin Collard occupier at the time.
The last recorded occupier at Standon farm was the Fone family and in World War Two, May 1944, a Lancaster bomber crashed into the hillside above the farm. The son of the family at that time, recalled the incident, including how his father helped rescue two of the crew, six others perished. He can also remember soldiers guarding the site and the bombs being towed away on farm slides.
The farm house became a grand gentleman’s residence over the years but was abandoned in the 1960s. The building was used by the military as a training base and unfortunately, as a result of a fire, was burnt down in the 1980s. Again the Tithe Map of 1839/40 show much of the medieval plan of the farmstead and the fields surrounding it.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Standon Farm is depicted on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 233.
SDV217759Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1982. Farmhouse at Standon Farm. Digital.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV340940Interpretation: The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit. 1985. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. Map (Paper).
SDV345855Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Survey Information (miscellaneous date). English Heritage. Digital.
SDV347726Website: History Group Minutes. 2011. Widecombe in the Moor. Digital. http://www.widecombe-in-the-moor.com/history/minutes/2011/talks_nov_2011.php.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #82503 ]
SDV357646Cartographic: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2006. Scanned sections of the Dartmoor Tithe Maps (farmsteads and settlements). Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV357727Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2001. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV360465Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2009. Standon Farm: an historical and archaeological survey. A4 Spiral Bound. Figure 23.

Associated Monuments

MDV120125Related to: Barn on the west side of the yard at Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV19432Related to: Building south-west of Standon Farmstead, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV120127Related to: Cottage in Great Marsh south-west of Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV108874Related to: Crash site near Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120121Related to: Earthworks east of Standon Farmstead, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120123Related to: East Shippon at Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV12858Related to: Enclosure north-east of Standon Farm Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120131Related to: Garden Enclosure 445 metres north-west of Standon Farmstead (Monument)
MDV28938Related to: Leat to the north-east of Standon Farm. Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120124Related to: North Shippon at Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV120122Related to: Old Farmhouse at Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV120128Related to: Remains of a building north of Baggator Brook, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV120129Related to: Remains of a small building south of Standon Farmstead, Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV120130Related to: Remains of a small building south-east of Standon Farmstead (Building)
MDV120126Related to: Ruined farmhouse at Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120163Related to: Sheep Creeps through Field Boundaries at Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV19431Related to: Structure north-west of Standon Farmstead, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120132Related to: Two Granite Troughs at Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120164Related to: Two Stiles to the to the north and west of Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120162Related to: War Department Boundary Stones to the south and west of Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV120161Related to: Wedgecut Gatepost to the west-north-west of Standon Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV7425 - Standon Farm: an historical and archaeological survey

Date Last Edited:Nov 3 2017 3:32PM