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HER Number:MDV1961
Name:Castle Roborough, Loxhore


A small ringwork or sunken-topped motte with a deep regular depression in the top. No sign of a ditch, which has presumably been ploughed away, and no trace of a bailey in field patterns or on aerial photographs.


Grid Reference:SS 620 377
Map Sheet:SS63NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishLoxhore
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLOXHORE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS63NW/5
  • Old SAM County Ref: 514
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS63NW1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MOTTE (XI - 1001 AD to 1100 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1905, 10SW (Cartographic). SDV335637.

'Castle Roborough (Camp)' shown.

Wall, J. C., 1906, Ancient Earthworks, 614 (Article in Monograph). SDV341465.

Simple mound about 120 feet in diameter at the base, and 15 feet high. In its summit is a basin shaped hollow over 7 feet in depth. Other details: Plan.

Allcroft, A. H., 1908, Earthwork of England, 404 (Monograph). SDV11975.

Ministry of Public Building and Works, 1962, Castle Roborough (Schedule Document). SDV343301.

Ringwork (in form a Ringmotte-without-bailey) 50 feet diameter crest to crest. Rampart circa 30 feet wide by 6-8 feet high. No trace of ditch remaining. No trace of any outer enclosure earthwork. Very small interior flat area within the rampart. Other details: Map.

King, D. J. C. + Alcock, L., 1969, Ringworks of England and Wales, 113 (Article in Serial). SDV39240.

Small class 'A' ringwork, that is enclosed area at ground level.

Grinsell, L. V., 1970, The Archaeology of Exmoor, 134, 213 (Monograph). SDV1641.

Ordnance Survey, 1973, 73/163, 12-13 (Aerial Photograph). SDV337197.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1973 - 1977, SS63NW1 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343302.

Site visit 30th November 1953. Situated in a ploughed field is a large, near circular mound, maximum height 4 metres, with a great central depression. A few stones exposed in the turf and fern covering. There is no visible trace of an encircling ditch or outlying earthwork or bailey. The central depression, which is fairly regular, seems to be part of the original plan of the mound, as no dispersal of the spoil may be seen either on the mound or in its surrounds. The mound is rather large for a barrow or beacon and is possibly a Norman motte. A sunken lane passes the mound to the immediate south. There were no surface finds.
Site visit 26th July 1973. Condition as above. Probably a ring motte. Other details: Plan and section.

Higham, R. A., 1979, The Castles of Medieval Devon, 114-115,247,260,315,317, 321 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV336189.

A small ringwork or sunken-topped motte 5 metres high and 30 metres diameter at the base with a deep regular depression in the top. No sign of a ditch which has presumably been ploughed away. No trace of bailey in field patterns or on aerial photographs. No primary documentary references known. Probably founded during the Norman Conquest period, or at least in the 11th century. Other details: Figure 31.

National Monuments Record, 1983, SS6237, 1507/377 (Aerial Photograph). SDV343303.

Griffith, F. M., 1987, DAP/HY, 11-12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV341600.

Higham, R. A., 1988, Devon Castles: An Annotated List, 144 (Article in Serial). SDV341278.

Exeter Archaeology, 2001, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Loxhore to Bratton Fleming Raw Water Main, 9 (Report - Assessment). SDV79686.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 104 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Extensive significant problems. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

Ordnance Survey, 2009, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV341569.

English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 97 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 102 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Extensive significant problems. Declining. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV11975Monograph: Allcroft, A. H.. 1908. Earthwork of England. Earthwork of England. Unknown. 404.
SDV1641Monograph: Grinsell, L. V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. A5 Hardback. 134, 213.
SDV335637Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1905. 10SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV336189Post-Graduate Thesis: Higham, R. A.. 1979. The Castles of Medieval Devon. University of Exeter Thesis. Unknown. 114-115,247,260,315,317, 321.
SDV337197Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1973. 73/163. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12-13.
SDV341278Article in Serial: Higham, R. A.. 1988. Devon Castles: An Annotated List. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 46. Paperback Volume. 144.
SDV341465Article in Monograph: Wall, J. C.. 1906. Ancient Earthworks. Victoria History of the County of Devon. Hardback Volume. 614.
SDV341569Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2009. MasterMap. MasterMap. Digital.
SDV341600Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1987. DAP/HY. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 11-12.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 104.
SDV343301Schedule Document: Ministry of Public Building and Works. 1962. Castle Roborough. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV343302Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1973 - 1977. SS63NW1. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343303Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. SS6237. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1507/377.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #82552 ]
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 97.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 102.
SDV39240Article in Serial: King, D. J. C. + Alcock, L.. 1969. Ringworks of England and Wales. Chateau Gaillard. 3. Unknown. 113.
SDV79686Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2001. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Loxhore to Bratton Fleming Raw Water Main. Exeter Archaeology Report. 01.22. A4 Stapled + Digital. 9.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Jun 27 2014 2:39PM