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HER Number:MDV20066
Name:South Gate at Buckfast Abbey


Remains of the Medieval South Gate and mill building at Buckfast Abbey


Grid Reference:SX 740 672
Map Sheet:SX76NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckfastleigh
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKFASTLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NW/47
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 392223
  • Pastscape: 444853

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • GATE (XI to XIX - 1100 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'South Gate (Remains of)' shown on 19th century map.

Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 190 (Monograph). SDV149229.

This structure is the one known as 'The Barracks'.

Blair, W. J., 1981, Buckfast Abbey: Features of Architectural and Archaeological Interest (Report - Assessment). SDV348441.

Probably little if any Medieval survival in the gate. The large range extending westwards from it was heavily remodelled in the 19th century but includes some small stone-framed windows which are possibly earlier.

Department of Environment, 1983, Buckfastleigh, 5 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV337043.

"House of Shells" and South Gate of Buckfast Abbey The east end of the mill incorporates the remains of the south gate spanning the road. The granite jambs are all that remain of the Medieval South Gate. The existing segmental arch through the mill being 19th century. Mill described including slate hung attic.

Department of Environment, 1985, Images of listed buildings in Buckfastleigh, 15/07/1985 (Photograph). SDV359974.

Images of the House of Shells and South Gate (formerly listed as this).

Brown, S., 1998, DAS newsletter; Unknown article title, 5 (Article in Serial). SDV364123.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

'South Gate (Remains of)' shown on modern mapping.

English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

South Gate at Buckfast Abbey was Listed on 10th January 1951. It was formerly Listed as Buckfast House of Shells and South Gate. It was also formerly known as: Berry's Forge Mills and South Gate, Gateway to Buckfast Abbey and range adjoining to west. 12th century in origin with a long, complex, structural and functional history. In process of conversion to abbey retreat at time of survey (1992). Local stone rubble; slate roof.
Plan: the gateway, which has been raised over the course of time to accommodate changed ground levels, incorporated Medieval jambs to a 19th century arch. The adjoining block has developed from a monastic single-storey almshouse with various changes in form and function, including domestic and industrial uses.
Exterior: Two storeys and attic. The south side (facing the road) has a segmental-headed gateway at the right end; three ground-floor windows; three first-floor windows and three second-floor windows; five shallow roof gables. Evidence of patching and blocked openings. North side has one ground-floor window; one first-floor window and six second-floor windows; four shallow roof gables, similar evidence of various phases of building. Other details: LBS Number 392223.

Gent, T. + Manning, P., 2013, Heritage assessment of buildings associated with the former Buckfast Spinning Mills, Buckfast, Devon (Report - Assessment). SDV359778.

Gent, T. + Manning, P., Nov 2011, Archaeological Assessment of St. Mary's School and St. Mary's Convent, Buckfast, Devon, 6, Fig. 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV351589.

The south gateway and adjoining range is 12th century in origin and has a long, complex structural and functional history.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 190.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337043List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1983. Buckfastleigh. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 5.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #82659 ]
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV348441Report - Assessment: Blair, W. J.. 1981. Buckfast Abbey: Features of Architectural and Archaeological Interest. Unknown.
SDV351589Report - Assessment: Gent, T. + Manning, P.. Nov 2011. Archaeological Assessment of St. Mary's School and St. Mary's Convent, Buckfast, Devon. Archaedia Report. A4 Comb Bound. 6, Fig. 2.
SDV359778Report - Assessment: Gent, T. + Manning, P.. 2013. Heritage assessment of buildings associated with the former Buckfast Spinning Mills, Buckfast, Devon. Archaedia. 13.12. Digital.
SDV359974Photograph: Department of Environment. 1985. Images of listed buildings in Buckfastleigh. Photograph (Paper). 15/07/1985.

Associated Monuments

MDV7808Related to: Buckfast Abbey (Building)
MDV42017Related to: Buckfast Abbey west precinct wall, Buckfastleigh (Monument)
MDV47942Related to: Buckfast Infant School (Building)
MDV125298Related to: Building associated with woolen mills, Buckfast (Building)
MDV7797Related to: Higher Mill, Buckfast (Building)
MDV7783Related to: Lower Buckfast Woollen Mills (Building)
MDV7846Related to: North Gate at Buckfast Abbey (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7071 - Heritage assessment of buildings associated with the former Buckfast Spinning Mills, Buckfast (Ref: 1113)
  • EDV8564 - Excavations at Buckfast Abbey; the Abbey Farm, the South Gate and North Gate (Ref: 558)

Date Last Edited:Feb 9 2021 11:10AM