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HER Number:MDV20078
Name:Roman Signal Station, north of Marshall Farm, Ide

Summary

A Roman signal station comprising a double concentric subsquare enclosure is visible as cropmark ditches on aerial photographs taken from 1984 onwards and survives as slight earthworks on the ground.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 885 889
Map Sheet:SX88NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishIde
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishIDE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX88NE/41
  • Old SAM County Ref: 1034

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SIGNAL STATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Silvester, R. J., Aerial Photograph Card Index, FSO.SX8785/1/090 (Un-published). SDV347214.

Enclosure shown as faint soilmark on aerial photograph (unspecified). White outside, dark within. Appears oval from sketch, circa 50 metres by 28 metres and aligned east-west.


Devon County Council, Devon Air Photograph Transcriptions (Cartographic). SDV344181.

The feature is mapped.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, Aerial Reconnaissance in Devon in 1984: A Preliminary Report and the Discovery of a Hillfort, 11-32 (Article in Serial). SDV343099.

Site visit 6th December 1984. Excellent hilltop siting, intervisible with Stoke Hill. Field under plough. No finds found during fieldwalking. Faint breaks of slope still visible.


Devon County Council, 1984, DAP/BO, 2, 2A (Aerial Photograph). SDV283810.

In 1984 and 1985 this site showed clarely as the cropmark of a double ditched enclosure (inner enclosure 32 metres across, outer subcircular 90 metres across), closely resembling Stoke Hill signal station.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/BZ, 4, 5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV347218.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/DI, 12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV345651.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/DS, 10, 11, 11A (Aerial Photograph). SDV343501.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/DY, 10A, 11 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346204.


Griffith, F. M., 1985, DAP/ER, 2A, 3, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV347217.


Griffith, F. M., 1985, DAP/EZ, 8, 9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286402.


Griffith, F. M., 1985, DAP/FH, 9A (Aerial Photograph). SDV237281.


Frere, S. S., 1985, Roman Britain in 1984, 305 (Article in Serial). SDV35311.


Maxwell, G. S. + Wilson, D. R., 1987, Air Reconnaissance in Roman Britain 1977-84, 6 (Article in Serial). SDV35314.

Site described as particularly important. The dimensions of the fortlet exactly match those of Martinhoe and Old barrow, Countisbury.


Griffith, F. M., 1987, DAP/JA, 2A-4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV122371.


English Heritage, 1988, Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979, As Amended (Correspondence). SDV347222.

Roman fortlet at Ide included in the Schedule of Ancient Monuments. The monument comprises a double concentric subsquare enclosure considered to be a Roman military work. Aerial reconnaissance demonstrates that the innter enclosure has a wide entrance on its western side althouogh no corresponding causeway is visible in the outer ditch. The enclosure is closely paralleled by a site at Stoke Hill 7.5 kilometres to the north-west.


Griffith, F. M., 1988, Devon's Past. An Aerial View, 55, Plate 40 (Monograph). SDV64198.


English Heritage, 1988, Roman Signal Station 450m North of Marshall Farm (Schedule Document). SDV347223.

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes a Roman signal station situated on the summit of a ridge overlooking the valleys of the River Kenn and two tributaries to the River Exe. The signal station survives mainly as buried features, visible on aerial photographs and detectable on the ground as a very slight earthwork up to 0.1 metres high. The signal station has an outer rectangular enclosure with rounded corners measuring up to 100 metres long east to west, defined by an approximately 2 metre wide ditch with no obvious entrance, surrounding an inner square ditched enclosure. The inner enclosure measures approximately 35 metres internally. Geophysical surveys have indicated the presence of a causeway across the inner ditch, with 1.5 metre diameter posts in the ditch terminals. Within the enclosure in an alignment of pits running north-north-east to south-south-west in the south-east quarter. A row of circular features, including a pit of up to 2 metres diameter containing burnt material, lies to the south of the enclosure between the innter and outer ditches. The signal station is cut by a road which is excluded from the scheduling.


Griffith, F. M., 1988, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV347216.

Site visit by Griffith and Trow, 23rd February 1988. A small scrap of Samian was recovered in a harrowed field. Survival as slight earthwork confirmed.


Griffith, F. M., 1989, DAP/MJ, 9, 10 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286408.


Griffith, F. M., 1989, DAP/NY, 10-14 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346317.


Griffith, F. M., 1989, DAP/OH, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV294220.


Griffith, F. M., 1990, DAP/RF, 9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV321063.


Griffith, F. M., 1990, DAP/RQ, 2, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV343942.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1991 - 1983, SX88NE13 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV347215.

Site visit 12th October 1981. The area lies on a crest position of a south facing slope, under stubble. No evidence of earthwork on the ground.


Horner, B., 1992, DAP/VF, 4-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286922.


Horner, B., 1994, DAP/WK, 27-29 (Aerial Photograph). SDV321066.


Exeter Archaeology, 1996, Archaeological Assessment of SWW Exeter to Tottiford Transfer: Phase 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV283759.


Griffith, F. M., 1996, DAP/ZC, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV321037.


Oxford Archaeotechnics Ltd, 1996, Exeter to Tottiford Transfer. Phase 1. Dunsford Hill to Dunchideock (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV347219.

A geophysical survey was undertaken in 1996 yielding good results. The fort ditches show clearly. The outer enclosure in 100 metres wide east-west and the inner is 35 metres square. There is no causeway over the outer ditch which is circa 2 metres wide. The innter enclosure has an entrance/causeway 5 metres wide with 1.5 diameter post pits in the ditch terminals. Possible residual traces of rampart were recorded. There is an alignment of pits runing north-north-east - south-south-west in the south-west quarter of the fortlet. A row of larger circular features, including a pit up to 2 metres wide possibly containing burnt material was recorded in the southern portin of the fortlet between the inner and outer ditch.


Young, A., 2005, Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Cartographic). SDV321540.

Transcriptions of ditches correspond to the grid reference for PRN166814


Young, A. & Turner, S., 2005-2006, North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records, PRN166814 (Interpretation). SDV358473.

A rectilinear bivallate enclosure is visible as two cropmark ditches on aerial photographs (p1&2) and was digitally plotted as part of the National Mapping Programme. The inner enclosure is subsquare, 32m across, and with an entrance in the south west. The outer enclosure is more curvilinear, measures 90m x 90m and has no visible entrance.
Photograph references:
1. RAF 543/2332 (F21) 107&8 26-JUL-1963
2. DCC DAP BO/2&2A (NMR SX8888/12&13) 07-JUL-1984

Sources / Further Reading

SDV122371Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1987. DAP/JA. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2A-4.
SDV237281Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1985. DAP/FH. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 9A.
SDV283759Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1996. Archaeological Assessment of SWW Exeter to Tottiford Transfer: Phase 1. Exeter Archaeology Report. 96.32. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV283810Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1984. DAP/BO. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2, 2A.
SDV286402Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1985. DAP/EZ. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 8, 9.
SDV286408Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/MJ. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 9, 10.
SDV286922Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1992. DAP/VF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4-6.
SDV294220Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/OH. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4.
SDV321037Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1996. DAP/ZC. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4.
SDV321063Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1990. DAP/RF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 9.
SDV321066Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1994. DAP/WK. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 27-29.
SDV321540Cartographic: Young, A.. 2005. Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project. Plot of Cropmarks. Digital. [Mapped feature: #82669 ]
SDV343099Article in Serial: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. Aerial Reconnaissance in Devon in 1984: A Preliminary Report and the Discovery of a Hillfort. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 42. Paperback Volume. 11-32.
SDV343501Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/DS. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 10, 11, 11A.
SDV343942Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1990. DAP/RQ. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2, 3.
SDV344181Cartographic: Devon County Council. Devon Air Photograph Transcriptions. Devon Air Photograph Transcriptions. Map (Digital).
SDV345651Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/DI. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12.
SDV346204Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/DY. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 10A, 11.
SDV346317Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/NY. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 10-14.
SDV347214Un-published: Silvester, R. J.. Aerial Photograph Card Index. Aerial Photograph Card Index. Card Index. FSO.SX8785/1/090.
SDV347215Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1991 - 1983. SX88NE13. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV347216Personal Comment: Griffith, F. M.. 1988. Not Applicable.
SDV347217Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1985. DAP/ER. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2A, 3, 4.
SDV347218Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/BZ. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4, 5.
SDV347219Report - Geophysical Survey: Oxford Archaeotechnics Ltd. 1996. Exeter to Tottiford Transfer. Phase 1. Dunsford Hill to Dunchideock. Oxford Archaeotechnics Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV347222Correspondence: English Heritage. 1988. Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979, As Amended. Notification of Inclusion of Monument in the Schedule of Ancient Monuments. Letter.
SDV347223Schedule Document: English Heritage. 1988. Roman Signal Station 450m North of Marshall Farm. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV35311Article in Serial: Frere, S. S.. 1985. Roman Britain in 1984. Britannia. 16. Unknown. 305.
SDV35314Article in Serial: Maxwell, G. S. + Wilson, D. R.. 1987. Air Reconnaissance in Roman Britain 1977-84. Britannia. 18. Unknown. 6.
SDV358473Interpretation: Young, A. & Turner, S.. 2005-2006. North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records. Cornwall Council Report. Digital. PRN166814.
SDV64198Monograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1988. Devon's Past. An Aerial View. Devon's Past. An Aerial View. Paperback Volume. 55, Plate 40.

Associated Monuments

MDV121680Related to: Enclosure, northwest of Marshall Farm, Ide (Monument)
MDV10188Related to: Stoke Hill Signal Station, 575 metres west of Rolleston Farm, Pennsylvania Road, Exeter (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7455 - Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Oct 3 2018 6:16PM