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HER Number:MDV20086
Name:Victorian Cottages on Berry Head Common, Brixham

Summary

This is thought to have been the site of the shed, listing in 1810 as being occupied by the foremen when the forts were being built. It was subsequently used as an Engineer's office and mess room. It is recorded as a cottage and garden on the 1838 Tithe Map and Apportionment. The cottages are shown on the 1906 Ordnance Survey map but had been demolished by 1938.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 939 565
Map Sheet:SX95NW
Admin AreaTorbay
Civil ParishBrixham
Civil ParishTorbay
DistrictTorbay
Ecclesiastical ParishBRIXHAM

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX95NW/52
  • Torbay HER: MTO20086

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • COTTAGE NON SPECIFIC (Built, XVIII to XIX - 1795 AD? to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Cottages and gardens depicted.

Hawkins, M.R., 1973, Berry Head Management Plan, Zone A (Ac) (Report - Interim). SDV362518.

Ruined building and enclosure, the remains of an early 19th century smallholding.

Pye, A.R., 1989, Berry Head Fort, Brixham. An Archaeological Assessment, 15, 37 (Report - Assessment). SDV362497.

A cottage and garden in the centre of the common was probably the shed listed in 1810 as being occupied by the Foreman while the forts were being constructed. It was subsequently used as an Engineer’s Office and mess room. It was let in 1823 to Roger Hyne and recorded as a cottage and garden in 1838. It is shown on the 1906 map but had been demolished by 1938.

Pye, A.R. & Slater, W.D., 1990, Berry Head Fort, Brixham, An Archaeological Survey, 1, 27, Fig 25 (Report - Survey). SDV362493.

The site originally consisted of an enclosure containing a building on its southern side, circa 50 metres by 25 metres. The entrance was through the centre of the west wall, and through the south wall to the east of the building. Described as a 'cottage and a garden' in 1838, it survived at least until 1904 when it appears on the Ordnance Survey first revision, but it had disappeared by the second revision of 1933.

Armitage, P. L., 2006, More buttons, bullets & bones, 11-12 (Article in Serial). SDV364324.

Excavations by young archaeologists were undertaken on the site of two demolished Victorian cottages on the edge of Berry Head Common as part of the CBA National Archaeological Event in July 2006.
Discarded household refuse dating from the Victorian and early Edwardian periods was found along the base of the garden wall. This included small amounts of pig, sheep and cattle bones, sherds of blue and white transfer printed wares, fragments of storage and mixing bowls, a pancheon (a bowl used in bread making) and also part of an Edward VII coronation cup. Of particular interest though were sherds of a Chinese Famille Rosé porcelain tea bowl. This was dated to the 18th century and may have been a family heirloom.

Exeter Archaeology, 2010, Berry Head Hotel Brixham Part 1: Archaeological Assessment, 7 (Report - Assessment). SDV362409.

Possibly the site of the shed that is recorded in 1810 as having been occupied by the foreman during the construction of the forts. It consisted of an enclosure with a building along the south side. It is recorded as a cottage and garden on the Brixham Tithe Apportionment. It was demolished between 1906 and 1938.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #130351 ]
SDV362409Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2010. Berry Head Hotel Brixham Part 1: Archaeological Assessment. Exeter Archaeology. 10.05. Digital. 7.
SDV362493Report - Survey: Pye, A.R. & Slater, W.D.. 1990. Berry Head Fort, Brixham, An Archaeological Survey. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. EMAFU 90.10. Hardcopy + Digital. 1, 27, Fig 25.
Linked documents:1
SDV362497Report - Assessment: Pye, A.R.. 1989. Berry Head Fort, Brixham. An Archaeological Assessment. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit. EMAFU 89.04. Hardcopy + Digital. 15, 37.
Linked documents:1
SDV362518Report - Interim: Hawkins, M.R.. 1973. Berry Head Management Plan. Parks Committee of the County Borough of Torbay. Zone A (Ac).
SDV364324Article in Serial: Armitage, P. L.. 2006. More buttons, bullets & bones. Council for British Archaeology South-West Journal. 18. A4 Paperback + Digital. 11-12.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds

  • FDV7576 - SHERD (XVIII - 1701 AD to 1800 AD)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 11 2021 3:44PM