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HER Number:MDV20250
Name:Settlement 740m north west of Hartland Tor

Summary

The remains of an enclosure settlement cut by a modern enclosure wall overlooking the East Dart River. Its boundary is incomplete, the visible remains being 'U' shaped, the northern side is no longer traceable, but it was probably at lease 120m N-S by 100m transversely, an area of about 1ha. Three associated huts.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 637 805
Map Sheet:SX68SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX68SW54
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 444003
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SW/89
  • Old SAM Ref: 34494

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

NMR, SX68SW54 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV217287.

Royal Air Force, 13/04/1947, CPE/UK/1995, 4365-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV217286.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1982, Field visit (Worksheet). SDV216525.

Prehistoric enclosure with one hut circle, near its centre on the south side of boundary wall (reave?). About 350m north of Broadun Ring.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1983, Middle Merripit Survey Drawing (Plan - measured). SDV321106.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Only the western bank of this enclosure is visible on 1947 RAF AP but there is a possible hut circle at SX63828061 which may relate to this enclosure.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit, I. S. Sainsbury (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(29/09/1989) SX 63778059. The remains of an enclosure settlement cut by a modern enclosure wall lies at 420m OD on steep rough bracken-covered and boulder-strewn slopes overlooking the East Dart River. (See plan at 1:1000).
Its boundary is incomplete, the visible remains being 'U' shaped, the northern side is no longer traceable, but it was probably at lease 120m N-S by 100m transversely, an area of about 1ha.
The boundary, originally an irregular stone wall now collapsed and much robbed, is best preserved at the northern end of the uphill W side where it is a stony scarp 1m high reaching a maximum width of 3.5m with several large stones and boulders of the outer face remaining in situ. Southwards it is heavily robbed and scattered but with several large outer facing stones, boulders and outcropping rock incorporated in it. It then curves around to the E down the step bracken covered slope, more a rubble bank then a scarp, to peter out on a vertical outcrop. From the base of this it re-appears crossing a slight gully as a turf-covered rubble scarp 3.5m to 4m wide and up to 1.3m high. As it curves around to the N there is less and less stone and at the N end of the E side it eventually becomes a turf scarp with visible stone.
No definite entrance can be seen but small gaps, one (a) in the NW and one (b), at the base of the vertical outcrop in the S, may be entrances but could also be due to robbing.
There is a good hut circle (c) set on a slight southwards projecting bracken covered spur within the interior to the SE with excellent views down the valley of the East Dart to the S. It is 4.5m in diameter within a crude boulder wall about 1.5m wide and 0.4m high.
An ill-defined gap about 0.7m wide in the S is probably the entrance.
Another good hut (d) is cut back into the steep slope and actually embedded in the N end of the E side of the enclosure. it measures 4.7m internally with a scarp 1.6m deep at the back merging into god banks 2m wide and 0.5m high both sides of the well defined entrance 0.7m wide in the E. There is a small hollow (e) about 3m diameter 0.7m deep just outside the hut to the NE.
Set up against the wall inside the SW a rather ill-defined platform (f), about 6m diameter, between the centres of an apparent crude stone wall about 1.3m wide, could be the remains of another possible hut, although it may be on no more then fortuitous rubble.
Greeves (3) suggests that the modern enclosure wall crossing the northern end of the settlement from E to W is possibly built on a prehistoric reave but there is no definite evidence to confirm this.

Ancient Monuments, 2004, Untitled Source (Site Visit). SDV321107.

The monument comprises a prehistoric enclosed settlement situated on an east facing slope. The incomplete oval enclosure 85m x 95m has a stone rubble wall up to 3m wide x up to 0.4m high, and contains at least two stone hut circles. The huts are 4.6m diameter with clearly defined entrances. A post and wire fence within the northern part of the monument is exluded from scheduling although the ground below is included.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV216525Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1982. Field visit. Worksheet. Unknown.
SDV217286Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 13/04/1947. CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4365-6.
SDV217287National Monuments Record Database: NMR. SX68SW54.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV321106Plan - measured: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1983. Middle Merripit Survey Drawing. Middle Merripit Survey Drawing. Digital.
SDV321107Site Visit: Ancient Monuments. 2004.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. I. S. Sainsbury. [Mapped feature: #137417 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV20492Related to: Wall running over ridge north of Hartland Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1062 - RCHME Field Investigation
  • EDV1063 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV8648 - Middle Merripit Farm, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8423 - Duchy Farms Project

Date Last Edited:May 10 2022 3:28PM