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HER Number:MDV20665
Name:19th century Building, Merrivale Settlement


Foundation remains of structure built adjacent to the Prehistoric enclosure, Merrivale in the 19th century. May have been associated with the local warren and is referred to as 'Merrivale Warren House'.


Grid Reference:SX 556 750
Map Sheet:SX57NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/75
  • Old SAM County Ref: 332
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 12/01/1996
  • Old SAM Ref: 24191

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Bray, A. E., 1836, A Description of the Parts of Devonshire Bordering on the Tamar and Tavy (Monograph). SDV345186.

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

This site is recorded as cottage foundations, with garden plot to the south, built in approximately 1802. Other details: 281 Fig 6.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1955, SX57SE19 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV219145.

Associated with Enclosure I – at the western side of the main enclosure – is a small rectangular enclosure, which is subdivided into two parts by a wall near its northern end. The secondary enclosure is in a fair condition; its eastern wall stands to a height of 0.75 meters and is bound with turf.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 82, Plan (Un-published). SDV150434.

visited in 1967. Small ruined cottage built by a man named Watts around 1830, who had permission to warren this area. There are a number of buries behind the cottage and in the nearby enclosure.

National Monuments Record, 1976, National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph (Aerial Photograph). SDV345011.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1979, 19th century building, Merrivale settlement (Report - Survey). SDV345191.

Structure visible as substantial foundations of partly cut drystone walling 0.9 meters thick, 0.6 meters high. The building is 9.0 meters long, 5.5 meters wide, with entrance gap in the south-western corner. Enclosed by turf covered bank of stone 2.0 meters wide, 0.6 meters high, which extends to the south-west to form a garden or similar enclosure ( Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England citing Ordnance Survey). Other details: SX57NE29.

Worth, R. H., 1981, Dartmoor (Monograph). SDV231173.

Other details: 139-40.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Recorded during the Aerial Photograph Project.

Griffith, F. M., 1986, DAP/HO (Aerial Photograph). SDV256450.

Visible on aerial photograph. Other details: DAP/ HO 13.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North (Monograph). SDV219155.

Other details: 73.

Photarc Surveys Ltd., 1991, Merrivale Prehistoric Village (Unknown). SDV345190.

Gerrard, S., 1994, MPP/133501 (Site Visit). SDV219156.

Merrivale Warren House (SX55647503). This post medieval farmstead lies within a large partially enclosed settlement. The farm building is terraced into the hill slope and includes a two-roomed structure. The western room measures 7.0 meters by 4.0 meters and the eastern one is 4.0 meters square. The walls are composed of roughly faced drystone and measure 1.0 meter wide and stand up to 0.9 meters high. A large roughly squared granite slab standing upright at the western end of the building formed the face of the chimney breast. A stone faced gully runs parallel to the north wall of the building and may have been built to provide drainage. An open ended rectangular enclosure leading off from the southern side of the building measures 20 meters by 10 meters and is defined by a 1.6 meter wide and 0.7 meter high stone and earth bank which is revetted on the external face. This enclosure may have been built to serve as a garden, whilst the prehistoric enclosure to which the building is attached may have been reused as a field.
According to Worth quoting Mrs Bray, the building was erected in 1802 under lease from a Mr Lopez, whilst Butler using the same source places the date of construction around 1832 and adds that some huts were damaged at this time and that further destruction was prevented by the Reverend Bray who persuaded the farmer that there would be more profit in acting as a guide for the tourists if the site was left unmolested. The picture is further complicated by Haynes who notes that the building was constructed by a man named Watts in around 1830 and that he had permission to warren this area. The nearby pillow mounds may therefore have been used at around this time. No information concerning the active life of this farm is published, although the absence of any ancillary buildings or associated enclosures would suggest that it was inhabited for only a very short time.

White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Merrivale Warren (Un-published). SDV352501.

Merrivale Warren warrener's lost settlement.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 82, Plan.
SDV219145Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1955. SX57SE19. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume.
SDV219156Site Visit: Gerrard, S.. 1994. MPP/133501. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset..
SDV231173Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1981. Dartmoor. Dartmoor.
SDV256450Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1986. DAP/HO. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper).
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback.
SDV345011Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. SX5575/1/433. Unknown.
SDV345186Monograph: Bray, A. E.. 1836. A Description of the Parts of Devonshire Bordering on the Tamar and Tavy. A Description of the Parts of Devonshire Bordering on the Tamar and Tavy. Unknown.
SDV345190Unknown: Photarc Surveys Ltd.. 1991. Merrivale Prehistoric Village. Unknown.
SDV345191Report - Survey: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1979. 19th century building, Merrivale settlement. National Monuments Record. Unknown.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Merrivale Warren.

Associated Monuments

MDV4612Related to: Enclosure with hut circle, Merrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4903Related to: Hut circle 10, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4615Related to: Hut circle 11, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4604Related to: Hut circle 6, Merrrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4614Related to: Hut circle 7, Merrrivale settlement (Monument)
MDV4613Related to: Hut circle 8, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4902Related to: Hut circle 9, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)
MDV4897Related to: Merrivale hut circle settlement (Monument)
MDV4904Related to: Site of hut circle K, Merrivale Settlement (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4830 - Survey of guardianship area, Merrivale

Date Last Edited:Mar 11 2016 11:33AM