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HER Number:MDV20671
Name:Longaford Tor Building, Lydford

Summary

Building with adjoining linhay shown on 19th and early 20th century maps on the north-eastern edge of a Scheduled Prehistoric settlement on Longaford Tor

Location

Grid Reference:SX 623 778
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 442837
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/152
  • Old SAM Ref: 28721.04

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BUILDING (XVII to XIX - 1700 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Two adjoining rectangular buildings shown on 19th century map.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Rectangular building shown on early 20th century map. The south-east side of the former building to the south is no longer present.


Royal Air Force, 1951, 540/483, 3049-3050 (Aerial Photograph). SDV248164.

Photograph taken on 24th April 1951.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 72, Plan (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visited on 14th May 1968. A small drystone building north of powder mills farm of one room with adjoining linhay, in fairly good repair. A great deal of the walls remain standing. Open fronted linhay with three orthostats standing to circa 2 metres formerly supporting the roof showing no drill marks and dating the building before 1830. The east end of the building could have been a dwelling but there is no visible fireplace.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on aerial photograph.


Brewer, K. + Brewer, D, 1988, Building Surveys (Report - Survey). SDV171876.

Site Visited on 18th July 1988. House and linhay still visible.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 149297 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

A small dwelling house and linhay 550 metres north-north-west of Powder Mills.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Longaford Tor (Un-published). SDV352501.

Longaford Tor farm building.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Small rectangular building shown on modern mapping with open linhay to the south.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, 1016638 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

Building within the Scheduled area of the Prehistoric settlement.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, 442837, SX67NW119 (Website). SDV359354.

A small drystone one-roomed building with adjoining linhay and no enclosures, in fair condition. Partly dressed walling up to 2 metres high and three stone supports for the open fronted linhay are visible. The consequent lack of drill-marks suggests the buildings are pre-1820.
On a south-east slope the remains of a dwelling house and linhay overlying part of an earlier settlement. Both buildings are of coursed rubble, 0.6 metres thick and though part of the dwelling is 1.7 metres high the general height is 1.0 metre The dwelling is a single room, measuring 6.7 metres by 4.3 metres internally, with a collapsed fireplace midway along the north wall, and a narrow doorway in the south-west corner.
The linhay, 9.0 metres by 3.1 metres has three massive support posts along the open south side. There are no obvious fields in association with the farmstead which, although pre-1820 is certainly post-Medieval and possibly of late 18th century origin.
The two buildings are in series along the contour, the linhay/shed apparently secondary, utilizing the house south-west end wall. They are built across the north wall of an oval, Prehistoric enclosure which provided a convenient cleaved area in the surrounding clitter. A short section of wall just breaking turf 13 metres to the south-east of the range and parallel to it may be connected; perhaps the remains of a small enclosed plt.
Both structures are well built; of random coursed drystone ranging from small stones to very large slabs. The dwelling house has a rubble-filled interior. The linhay is relatively rubble free measuring 8.8 metres by 2.7 metres internally.
The buildings are depicted as unroofed in 1890. It is possible that they were used by a shepherd or stockman looking after animals at the turn of the 18th/19th century. Thy may be connected with the establishment of Cherrybrook Newtake which took in this area in the first decade of the 19th century.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 72, Plan.
SDV171876Report - Survey: Brewer, K. + Brewer, D. 1988. Building Surveys.
SDV248164Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1951. 540/483. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3049-3050.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 149297.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Longaford Tor.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #82861 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1016638.
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 442837, SX67NW119.

Associated Monuments

MDV60323Related to: North-Eastern Hut Circle to the east of Langaford Tor, Lydford (Monument)
MDV27666Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure to east of Langaford Tor, Lydford (Monument)
MDV60325Related to: Western Hut Circle to the east of Langaford Tor, Lydford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 19 2018 10:38AM