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HER Number:MDV20677
Name:Longhouse 340 metres south-east of Cold East Cross

Summary

Earthwork remains of a probable longhouse within a Deserted Medieval farmstead. The former building, which unusually for a longhouse is built along the contour is 15 metres long by 4.6 metres wide with a gap in the eastern wall representing a doorway. The site is undocumented and as yet undated. However, the approximate period of occupation as evidenced from other similar sites on Dartmoor is circa 1250-1450.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 743 739
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 152390
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/94
  • Old SAM Ref: 34424

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONGHOUSE (XIII to XV - 1250 AD to 1450 AD (Between))

Full description

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 42 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visit 14th April 1967. Halsanger. A longhouse built against a slight rise and therefore having no cross passage. A single doorway is visible. A large outbuilding is attached to the north. The site is now turfed over and rather obscure.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 RAF aerial photos or on NMR aerial photos.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 152390 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 7th April 1999. Medieval farmstead 340 metres south-east of Cold Cross. A medieval farmstead including at least four rectangular buildings. The southern building probably represents a longhouse, although unusually it is built along the contour. This building measures 15 metres long by 4.6 metres wide with a gap in the eastern wall representing a doorway. Attached to the northern side of the longhouse is a rectangular structure measuring 8m long by 4m wide. East of this is another one measuring 10 metres long by 4.2 metres wide. A short distance to the north a rectangular hollow 6m long by 3m wide defined on the south by a bank may represent another building. The site survives as an earthwork with occasional protruding rubble. Vegetation: Bracken.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 75, Map 5 (Monograph). SDV299725.


Newman, P., 2013, An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon, 10 (Report - Assessment). SDV356396.

Site first recorded by Linehan in 1966 who depiected it was two rectangular buildings arranged in an L-shape. Very little stone survives above ground and an associated enclsoure is now overwhelmed by vegetation. However, two rectangular earthwork hollows may well represent the outlines of buildings. Although the site is undocumented and at present undated, the approximate period of occupation as evidenced at other similar sites on Dartmoor is circa 1250 - 1450. Condition stable. Vegetation: grassland and bracken.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Halshanger (Un-published). SDV352501.

Halshanger longhouse within the Deserted Medieval Settlement.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Discussed with details of MDV8021.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 42.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 152390. [Mapped feature: #10766 ]
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 75, Map 5.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Halshanger.
SDV356396Report - Assessment: Newman, P.. 2013. An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon. SW Landscape Investigations Report. A4 Bound + Digital. 10.
SDV359145Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV8021Part of: Deserted settlement 340 metres south-east of Cold East Cross, Ashburton (Monument)
MDV112869Related to: Possible strip cultivation on Halsanger Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Apr 15 2016 1:16PM