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HER Number:MDV20701
Name:Castle Hill Icehouse

Summary

Icehouse built in the 18th century in the grounds of Castle Hill House

Location

Grid Reference:SS 669 286
Map Sheet:SS62NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishFilleigh
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishFILLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS62NE/34
  • Old SAM Ref: 28624
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS62NE20

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ICEHOUSE (XVIII - 1750 AD to 1800 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, 1851, Filleigh (Cartographic). SDV345232.

'Icehouse' marked on 19th century Tithe Map apportionment.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Feature shown on 19th century map as a small rectangular structure with a small earthwork on the soutwest side.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Feature shown on early 20th century map.


Colvin & Moggridge, 1991, Castle Hill: Summary and Evaluation of History (1st Earl Fortescue Historic Inventory) (Report - Assessment). SDV345229.

Other details: Figure 7.


Gerrard, S., 1995, 139577 (Un-published). SDV345233.

Castle Hill Icehouse survives as a D shaped flat topped platform set into the side of a hill.


Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 1997, Icehouse 260 metres north-west of Castle Hill (Schedule Document). SDV345234.

Icehouse 260 metres north-west of Castle Hill House. This monument includes an icehouse in the grounds of Castle Hill, set into a hillside known as Ice House Hill, 83 metres west of Filleigh Brook, 59 metres north of a disused quarry and 260 metres north-west of Castle Hill House. The monument survives as a D-shaped flat topped platform set into the side of a hill. This measures 22.6 metres long, 10.8 metres wide at the widest point and up to 1.6 metres high. The entrance is at the northern end, facing east towards the track. This consists of two parallel banks 1 metre apart measuring 2.5 metres long, 2.3 metres wide and up to 0.4 metres high. The banks in this area are particularly stony and some stones have traces of mortar adhering to their surfaces. A contemporary drawing of the icehouse shows it to be a partly submerged feature, and this is corroborated by the field evidence. The area to the east and downslope often becomes waterlogged some time after heavy rain: the water is being pooled before eventually soaking away, confirming the existence of a submerged chamber and drainage system. A nearby spring and the area to the west of the Filleigh Brook which is known to flood may have provided a source of ice. The icehouse is indicated in this area according to the Tithe Map. It was built by the First Earl Fortescue in 1790 and clearly shown on the 1790 Field Map, apparently surrounded by trees as described in the contemporary literature.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1997, SS62NE20 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV345235.


Colvin & Moggridge, 2000, Castle Hill Park Restoration Management Plan, 23 (Report - Interim). SDV344390.

Under Castle Hill park Countryside Stewardship Scheme of 2000 the icehouse in Earl Clinton's park is to be maintained free of scrub and trees by grazing. Other details: Figure 4.


National Monuments Record, 2010, 1100380 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV345236.

An icehouse in the grounds of Castle Hill, set into a hillside known as Ice House Hill.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Not shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV344390Report - Interim: Colvin & Moggridge. 2000. Castle Hill Park Restoration Management Plan. Colvin & Moggridge Landscape Architects Report. A4 Ring Bound + Digital. 23.
SDV345229Report - Assessment: Colvin & Moggridge. 1991. Castle Hill: Summary and Evaluation of History (1st Earl Fortescue Historic Inventory). Colvin & Moggridge Landscape Architects Report. Unknown.
SDV345232Cartographic: Unknown. 1851. Filleigh. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Map (Paper).
SDV345233Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 1995. 139577. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Unknown.
SDV345234Schedule Document: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 1997. Icehouse 260 metres north-west of Castle Hill. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled. [Mapped feature: #82881 ]
SDV345235Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1997. SS62NE20. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV345236National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 1100380. National Monuments Record Database. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV982Related to: Filleigh House, Castle Hill (Building)
MDV32500Related to: Filleigh, Castle Hill Park (Park/Garden)
MDV18812Related to: MANOR HOUSE in the Parish of Filleigh (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 20 2010 1:02PM