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HER Number:MDV20718
Name:Powdermill Cottages 500 metres to the south-west of Powder Mills Farm

Summary

Site of 'Powdermill Cottages' shown on 19th century map 500 metres to the south-west of Powder Mills Farm

Location

Grid Reference:SX 625 764
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/153

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HOUSE (XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Powdermill Cottages' shown on 19th century map as an L-shaped building on the east side of the track to the Powder Mills complex and 40 metres north of the road.


Ordnance Survey, 1906, 107NW (Cartographic). SDV336770.

'Powdermill Cottages' marked early 20th century map.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV150434.

Powdermills Cottages. Deserted building visited on 11th June 1968. A well constructed mortared stone building near the western entrance to the Powder Mills complex, with contiguous barn or store house. Almost certainly a building connected with the Powder Mills and probably a dwelling. The eastern walls of the building are visible but only traces of the western walls are visible on 1969 aerial photograph.


National Monument Record, 1969, SX6276, 28-32 (Aerial Photograph). SDV274466.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on 1985 aerial photograph.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1989, Field Investigation at Powdermills Cottages (Report - Survey). SDV274470.

Visited on 19th June 1989. Ruins of a long, rectangular building range visible on 1969 aerial photograph. The remains are connected with the Powder Mills complex and are of late 19th century date. The walls of the range are 0.4 metres thick and consist of mortared, coursed stone with fine granite quoins and detail to door and window surrounds. The north-east end wall, north corner and south-east long wall survive almost to roof level but all others are reduced to low, partly turf-covered walls averaging 0.5 metres high. The long south-east side wall has 4 blocked windows and three blocked doors. Together with remains of internal dividing walls these suggest probable subdivision into three small cells at the south end (the southernmost seems to have projected several metres west beyond the line of the main west wall) - probably cottages, and a store building or barn, measuring 15.4 metres by 6.5 metres internally, at the north end. The blockings are possibly connected with conversion for farm use. The range was occupied in 1886 and called `Powdermill Cottages'. It stands on the south side of the original access to the gunpowder works and may have provided accommodation for workers there.


Dawson, T. + Hambley, J., 1995, A Survey of the Service and Accommodation Buildings belonging to the Powdermills Gunpowder Factory, Postbridge, 13, Figures 10,12,15, Plate 15 (Report - Survey). SDV351071.

Building 515: Powdermills Cottages comprise a single range of ruined buildings circa 500 metres south-west of 'Powdermills Farm'. The L-shaped structure orientated north-east to south-west is built of roughly coursed granite with dressed quoins and opening surrounds. All the windows have slate covered granite sills but no suviving lintels. The lines of the rear walls and internal dividing wall are visible as low earthen banks. The east and south walls survive up to eight courses high. The structure is divided into two rectangular units with originally a further range at the west end. There are three doorways and three windows in the south-west wall indicating a possible subdivision into three small domestic units. The eastern building had two or three wider entrances in the north-east wall and was lit by a single window in the south-west wall. This may have been used as a cart shed, for storage or as a barn. The buildings were present in 1885 when they were labelled 'Powdermills Cottages'.


National Monument Record, 2013, 886989, SX 67 NW 229 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV274468.

19th century cottages and storehouse/barn.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Outline of buildings shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital.
SDV274466Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1969. SX6276. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. 28-32.
SDV274468National Monuments Record Database: National Monument Record. 2013. 886989. SX 67 NW 229.
SDV274470Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1989. Field Investigation at Powdermills Cottages.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #82894 ]
SDV336770Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1906. 107NW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV351071Report - Survey: Dawson, T. + Hambley, J.. 1995. A Survey of the Service and Accommodation Buildings belonging to the Powdermills Gunpowder Factory, Postbridge. Exeter Archaeology. 95.63. A4 Stapled + Digital. 13, Figures 10,12,15, Plate 15.

Associated Monuments

MDV27251Related to: Ditch north-east of Cherrybrook Hotel (Monument)
MDV5913Related to: Powder Mills Gunpowder Factory, Cherry Brook (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6128 - Survey of the Service and Accommodation Buildings associated with Powdermills Gunpowder Factory (Ref: 95.63)

Date Last Edited:Jun 1 2015 12:23PM