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HER Number:MDV20861
Name:Tin Mill at Metherall

Summary

It has been suggested that there was a tin blowing mill at Metherall but the only evidence for this is slag and it is now considered that this was simply deposited in a prehistoric hut circle. Excavation of one of the hut circles from the Bronze Age settlement produced evidence for reuse as a tinner's workshop during the early 16th century but no evidence for smelting was found. There is the remains of a blowing house further down the valley.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 668 840
Map Sheet:SX68SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Walling remains of a group of partially submerged Bronze Age hut circles and associated fields with Tudor secondary occupation at Fernworthy Reservoir

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX68SE/196
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) TIN MILL (XVI - 1501 AD to 1600 AD (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1935, Dartmoor Exploration Committee, Twelfth Report, 124-7 (Article in Serial). SDV259660.

A number of pieces of stream tin and broken tin slag were found together with a possible anvil stone, charcoal and several sherds of brown earthenware above the prehistoric floor of Hut 3. Also found was a worn and broken silver coin. These finds very much suggest secondary use as a tinners' workshop. The coin was identified as a York penny of Henry VII, which would not have been minted later than 1540. Worth comments that there is a blowing house further down the valley and that slag has been found near it. No evidence for smelting was found in Hut 3. See MDV6656 for details of finds.


Worth, R. H., 1937, Thirteenth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 145-7 (Article in Serial). SDV256641.


Worth, R. H., 1940, The Dartmoor Blowing House, 213 (Article in Serial). SDV154693.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1981, List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750, No. 58 (Report - non-specific). SDV319826.

Blowing mill at Metherel (site is now under high water level of Fernworthy Reservoir). Undocumented. Possibly 16th century? Located at above grid reference and also at SX66978412. Slag is the only evidence of a mill in the vicinity.


Newman , P., Dec 2103, The Archaeology of Fernworthy forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Site Gazetteer (Un-published). SDV357030.

This is not a blowing mill, simply evidence of slag deposited in a prehistoric hut circle.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV154693Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1940. The Dartmoor Blowing House. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. 213.
SDV256641Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. Thirteenth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. Unknown. 145-7.
SDV259660Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1935. Dartmoor Exploration Committee, Twelfth Report. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 67. Photocopy. 124-7.
SDV319826Report - non-specific: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1981. List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750. List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750. 35. Unknown. No. 58.
SDV357030Un-published: Newman , P.. Dec 2103. The Archaeology of Fernworthy forest, Dartmoor, Devon. Site Gazetteer. A4 Single Sheet.

Associated Monuments

MDV6694Related to: Blowing Mill 193 metres north-east of Fernworthy Dam (Monument)
MDV6656Related to: Hut circle 340 metres north-west of Metherall, Fernworthy Reservoir (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6533 - Archaeological Survey of South-West Lakeside Trust Land around Fernworthy Reservoir

Date Last Edited:Jan 27 2015 3:29PM