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HER Number:MDV21013
Name:Brownstone Emergency Battery, Inner Froward Point, Kingswear

Summary

The site of an emergency coastal defence battery built in 1942 is visible as a range of structures and an earthwork pit and bank on aerial photographs from 1944 onwards and digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2006 at Inner Froward Point, Kingswear. The site comprises two gun emplacements and two searchlight batteries together with eleven other roofed structures forming the operational part of the complex.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 902 497
Map Sheet:SX94NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishKingswear
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishBRIXHAM

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 447494
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX94NW/48

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BATTERY (XX - 1901 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV144592.

Des= Le Messurier, B. /Oral report to SMR/(15/7/1983).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV144593.

APH= DAP/HR 3,4(23/12/1986).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV144594.

Des= NTAS/East Dart, Devon/(1984)13/in SMR.


Luxton, N., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV144596.

Des= Luxton, N. / letter to dcc/ (09/06/1994)/ in PF.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV144597.

Des=RCHME survey and plans/ (-/02/1994)/ copy in PF.


Coleman, R., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV144599.

Coleman, R. / The purpose and history of the battery at battery gardens Brixham/ (1989) 2/ copy in Brixham PF.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV144601.

Des=buckley, b. /(undated)/brownstone battery, kingswear/site notes.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV144602.

APH=NLAP 1951 RAF 58/680/(15/5/1951)f20/8333/Cornwall 4086.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV144603.

Skinner, I. IH M. Duffy et al (eds)/The new maritime history of Devon Vol II/(1994)204-14/Devon and the Navy in the Second World War.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV144605.

APH=DAP/WU 6-12/(18/7/1994).


Wilson-North, W. R., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV18003.

Operated by 556 coastal defence regiment, Royal Artillery. Apparently never saw active service. Approached from N by original concrete military road with flanking concrete + barbed wire fences. Buildings in excellent state of preservation, apart from superficial vandalism (Wilson-North).


Le Messurier, B., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV25995.

Second World War fortifications on inner forward point on east side of Dart estuary. An impressive array of military installation survives. The site is approached by a military road from the north and structures include gun emplacement, magazines and searchlight positions. Site is on National Trust land (Le Messurier).


COLEMAN, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV319004.

Large battery for counter bombardment purposes. Armed with two 9.6" guns (Coleman).


APH, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV144586.

Vis= The 1986 AP records surviving military buildings and two circular 6" gun emplacements above the coastal slope (APH).


RCHME, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV144587.

Vis= -/02/1994 (RCHME) site survey made. WWII emergency coastal defence battery built in 1942 commanding Dart and its approaches. It was armed with two ex-naval 6" guns. Mothballed in 1945. Guns still in place in 1951. Closed in 1956. Site comprises two gun emplacements and two searchlight batteries (see subsheets) with 11 other roofed structures forming the operational part of the complex. To the east lay the accommodation area (see subsheet) which has largely been demolished (either in 1945 or 1956). The buildings are in an excellent state of preservation in an area of cypress woodland (AA protection). Because of the steep coastal location the buildings lie on various levels connected by a network of concrete paths and steps. All the buildings are of either concrete blockwork and/or brick and all have reinforced concrete roofs. The two emplacements are almost identical, built for single 6" guns on MKVII mountings. The western emplacement consists of a circular reinforced concrete structure built on a rock-cut platform. The footing of the protecting parapet on the seaward side survives. Various internal features in the emplacement and associated magazines survive. The eastern (upper) gun is served by two magazines (in one building) and three further buildings. They are linked to the emplacement by a sunken concrete-lined path along which the shells were moved. The western gun was connected to its two separate magazines by an inclined rail. A building to the west of the rail provided stand down accommodation for the personnel. Each gun was served by a searchlight close to the waters edge (see subsheets). The observation post to the E of the upper emplacement is in a very good state of preservation having been used as a store up until recently. It contains a kitchen, a chart room and the observation area with long iron-shuttered windows. Internally timber rests and shelving survive in addition to the concrete pillar that presumably supported the range finding equipment. On the wall there is a faded notice which reads "Datum points -99 coast battery height of DRF 209ft". Adjacent to this building are three buildings, one of which was a generator room. Another was probably the mess and the third is unknown in function. A second generator room lies to the N of the upper battery magazines and in it the bases for 3 generators survive (RCHME).


WASLEY, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV66981.

Wasley refers to there being a counter bombardment battery at Brownstone in 1940, armed with two 9.6" guns (Wasley).


Griffith, F. M., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV8774.

Recorded from the air 1986 (FMG).


United States Airforce, 1944, US/7PH/GP/LOC147, US/7PH/GP/LOC147 V 5037-38 20-JAN-1944 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351618.

The battery is visible as a range of structures and an earthwork pit and bank. Map object based on this source.


Royal Air Force, 1945, RAF/106G/UK/967, RAF/106G/UK/967 P 3064-65 01-NOV-1945 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351060.

The battery is visible as a range of structures.


Royal Air Force, 1951, RAF/58/680, RAF/58/680/ RS 4087 15-MAY-1951 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351617.

The battery is visible as a range of structures.


Luxton, C., 1955, Crediton Charity Schools, 41 (Article in Serial). SDV53615.

Site was mothballed until 1956. A survey has been undertaken by the NT prior to consolidation (Luxton).


Royal Air Force, 1958, RAF/58/2549, NMR SX 9049/15 RAF 30137/PSF0-P1-0411 27-AUG-1958 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351446.

The battery is visible as a range of structures.


Guy, J., 1990, List of Coastal Batteries (Un-published). SDV15882.

Des=Guy, J/ list of coastal batteries/ (1990)/ copy in SMR.


Wasley, G., 1994, Devon at War 1939-1945 (Monograph). SDV165766.

Wasley, G. / Devon at War/ (1994)54.


Jury, R., 1996, Brownstone Battery (Worksheet). SDV144591.

Site visited on 18th June 1996. Attached photograph taken from the sea.


Next Perspectives, 2006, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photograph, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9049 03-JUN-2006 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351300.

The battery is visible as a range of structures and demolished structures. Map object based on this source.


Passmore, M., 2010, Brownstone Battery, Kingswear (Leaflet). SDV345198.


Passmore, M., 2010, Brownstone Battery, Kingswear, 3 (Leaflet). SDV345198.

While some of the wartime structures have been demolished, there is still much to see, and the site is deemed to be exceptional since the operational area of the Battery is intact. Two searchlight positions remain while the former Battery Observation Post has been converted and now serves as a look-out position for the National Coastwatch Institution. Buildings photographed include a mess room with a store and the Battery Observation Post behind, the eastern and western gun positions, a magazine, the generator room and the inclined plane. Other details: Photographs.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2013-2014, South Devon Coast Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV351146.

An emergency coastal defence battery built in 1942 is visible as a range of structures and an earthwork pit and bank on aerial photographs from 1944 onwards, and digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2006 at Inner Froward Point, Kingswear. The main components of the battery, which encompass an area of approximately 1.5 hectares, include gun emplacements, searchlight batteries, accommodation block, observation post and a range of other structures interconnected by a series of trackways,. The northern extent of the battery is defined by two lines of barbed-wire entanglements, with three adjacent nissen huts of a possible guard and administration block located block further to the north and positioned next to the main access road leading to the battery. A circular earthwork pit and bank feature of a probable gun pit is also visible approximately 95m to the east of these structures. The structures and earthwork pit and bank are first visible on aerial photographs of 1944. By 1945, the barbed wire entanglements have been removed, the earthwork pit and bank levelled and two of the structures of the possible guard/administration block removed. The single remaining structure has been removed by 1958. The main components of the battery remain visible as structures and demolished structures on recent digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2006.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV144586Report - Survey: APH.
SDV144587Report - Survey: RCHME.
SDV144591Worksheet: Jury, R.. 1996. Brownstone Battery. Defence of Britain Project. Worksheet + Digital.
SDV144592Migrated Record:
SDV144593Aerial Photograph:
SDV144594Migrated Record:
SDV144596Migrated Record: Luxton, N..
SDV144597Migrated Record:
SDV144599Migrated Record: Coleman, R..
SDV144601Migrated Record:
SDV144602Aerial Photograph:
SDV144603Migrated Record:
SDV144605Aerial Photograph:
SDV15882Un-published: Guy, J.. 1990. List of Coastal Batteries. Typescript.
SDV165766Monograph: Wasley, G.. 1994. Devon at War 1939-1945. Devon at War. Hardback Volume.
SDV18003Migrated Record: Wilson-North, W. R..
SDV25995Migrated Record: Le Messurier, B..
SDV319004Migrated Record: COLEMAN.
SDV345198Leaflet: Passmore, M.. 2010. Brownstone Battery, Kingswear. A Brief Introduction to Twentieth Century Military and Civil Defence Archae. 7. A4 Folded + digital. 3.
SDV351060Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1945. RAF/106G/UK/967. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/967 P 3064-65 01-NOV-1945.
SDV351146Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2013-2014. South Devon Coast Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV351300Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2006. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photograph. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9049 03-JUN-2006.
SDV351446Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1958. RAF/58/2549. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR SX 9049/15 RAF 30137/PSF0-P1-0411 27-AUG-1958.
SDV351617Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1951. RAF/58/680. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/680/ RS 4087 15-MAY-1951.
SDV351618Aerial Photograph: United States Airforce. 1944. US/7PH/GP/LOC147. United States Airforce. Photograph (Paper). US/7PH/GP/LOC147 V 5037-38 20-JAN-1944.
SDV53615Article in Serial: Luxton, C.. 1955. Crediton Charity Schools. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 87. A5 Paperback. 41.
SDV66981Migrated Record: WASLEY.
SDV8774Migrated Record: Griffith, F. M..

Associated Monuments

MDV55097Related to: Kingswear Torpedo Battery (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4890 - Site Visit to Brownstone Battery, Kingswear
  • EDV6127 - Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey National Mapping Programme (NMP) for South-West England - South Coast Devon (Ref: ACD618)

Date Last Edited:Dec 9 2014 10:26AM