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HER Number:MDV21219
Name:FIELD SYSTEM in the Parish of Peter Tavy

Summary

'cropmarks' (ie vegetation marks) of a rectangular field system. There is possibly an associated hut circle at sx52937915, within the system (os, on 1964 aps).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 530 794
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks of a Bronze Age field system with two associated hut circles and adjoining reave and a complex of probable 19th century mining structures and features on western side of Cudlipptown Down

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/76
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Late Neolithic to Late Iron Age - 3000 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=19/10/1980 (os) the fields are of about 0.25ha and curvilinear, constrained by a series of natural shelve which have accentuated the lynchets. These are up to 1.0m high; field banks are generally 1.5m wide and 0.3m high.


OS, ON 1964 APS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247500.

'cropmarks' (ie vegetation marks) of a rectangular field system. There is possibly an associated hut circle at sx52937915, within the system (os, on 1964 aps).


RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247501.

Recorded on raf 1947 aps (rchm app 1985).


NMR, WITH NO REFERENCE, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247502.

Centred at sx52937926 is a prehistoric field system of about 2ha, situated on steep n and w slopes at the end of a spur and bounded on the s by one of a number of e-w parallel reaves which cross cudlipptown down, visible on the air photographs (nmr, with no reference).


NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247504.

The s half of the area has a considerable quantity of surface stone; the n half very little. This may be a natural effect or the result of clearance. In the extreme nw there are several large dumps of roadstone type material. No hut circles or hut platforms were found during investigation (nmr, citing os).


RCHME, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV247505.

Vis=15/1/1988 (rchme) centred at sx529793: a field system and clearance cairns are situated in open moorland on a moderate to steep sw slope on cudlipptown down. The slope is irregular and benched and the fields utilise natural terraces where possible.


1, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247506.

The field system is irregular and probably the result of growth and agglomeration. It is clearly the upper end of a more extensive system which is visible in enclosed fields to the nw. This part of the system can be divided into 3 groups; of which (1) and (2) are linked by longer, straighter boundaries.


1, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247507.

(1) sx52887929. A group of very small, irregular fields clearly aligned onto and therefore post-dating, a contour following reave. Fields are laid off from it, mainly to the n but with one to the s. The interruption of the reave is very clear resulting in the formation of a prominent negative lynchet in contrast to a normal bank form outside the field system to the e.


2, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247508.

The fields are small and irregular and there are at least 2 phases. At sx52927930 is a clear cross-over where a bank running nw to se overrides another aligned ne to sw. The field boundaries are either low, partly turf-covered rubble walls or lynchets incorporating much small sized stones. They are between 1.5m and 2.5m wide and average 0.5m in height. In several places however, lynchet formation has increased the size of the boundaries up to 4.5m in width and 1.7m in height. There are 20 clearance cairns within this part of the field system. They average 3m in diam and 0.6m height in a range between 2m and 5.4m diam and 0.25m to 1.1m height. Most are near-circular and bowl-profiled but some are placed on rock outcrops and are more irregular. There are additional patches of clearance onto field boundaries. All are composed of small fist-sized stones, now partially turf-covered.(2) sx53157954. This fragment of field system lies mainly on a natural terrace. Most of the fields are crossed by the maintained field wall but their boundaries continue into enclosed land. There are at least 2 blocks of fields here, generally small and irregular, but including a larger field occupying the steep slope at the s end of the group. Most of the boundaries are lynchets 1.5m to 4.5m wide and 0.3m to 1.7m high but some are only stony lines. The large field on the s is ditched externally perhaps indicating use in the medieval period. Four clearance cairns were recorded in this group.


3, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247509.

(3) sx53047893. The truncated w ends of three fields can be located just inside the moorland. One at sx53097887, clearly blocks the passage of a reave, its lynchet cut down to a lower level.


NMR, CITING PATTISON, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247510.

Four hut circles are associated with the field system as a whole. Three lie within fields, the fourth cut into a lynchet (nmr, citing pattison).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247511.

Osa=sx57nw67.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV247512.

Aph=raf/f66 58/6399 042-43/(2/7/1964).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV247513.

Aph=raf/cpe/uk/2149 3175(11/6/1947).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV247514.

Aph=raf=f4258/8609/0035-36.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV247515.

Des=pattison, p. /(15/1/1988)/rchme field investigation.


Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Map object based on this source.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 95, Map 31 (Monograph). SDV219155.

A quite substantial group of fields existed on the west side of the Down built onto both sides of Cudlipptown Down Lower Reave but an unknown area has been engulfed by modern enclosures and what remains has been damaged by mine workings and buildings. Only slith banks and a hut circle remain of the prehistoric settlement here. The reave continues across the field boundary and becomes over built by the present wall. Map object based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 95, Map 31.
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV247500Migrated Record: OS, ON 1964 APS.
SDV247501Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV247502Migrated Record: NMR, WITH NO REFERENCE.
SDV247504Migrated Record: NMR, CITING OS.
SDV247505Report - Survey: RCHME.
SDV247506Migrated Record: 1.
SDV247507Migrated Record: 1.
SDV247508Migrated Record: 2.
SDV247509Migrated Record: 3.
SDV247510Migrated Record: NMR, CITING PATTISON.
SDV247511Migrated Record:
SDV247512Aerial Photograph:
SDV247513Aerial Photograph:
SDV247514Aerial Photograph:
SDV247515Migrated Record:
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 13 2015 1:22PM