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HER Number:MDV2126
Name:Cross Base at St Peter's Parish Church in Zeal Monachorum

Summary

Medieval churchyard cross base to the south of St Peter's church in Zeal Monachorum

Location

Grid Reference:SS 719 040
Map Sheet:SS70SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishZeal Monachorum
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishZEAL MONACHORUM

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 34857
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS70SW/5
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 95648
  • Old SAM Ref: 27323
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS70SW1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (XIV to XV - 1301 AD to 1500 AD (Between))

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I (Article in Serial). SDV240502.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1938, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part II, 310 (Article in Serial). SDV6308.

Churchyard cross at St Peter's parish church in Zeal Monachorum. In front of south porch, Type B. A pedestal, of one square step with a projecting top edge, bearing a socket-stone which is square at the base with small ribbed corner shoulders and octagonal above with a hollow-chamfered top edge. On this remains a fragment of the shaft, square at the base with pointed corner spurs and octagonal above. One of two in the churchyard. Classified as 14th to 15th century. Other details: Plate 33 & Fig 16.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1970, SS70SW1 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV338925.

Remains of two stone crosses in the churchyard.
Cross A: consisting of a pedestal, socket stone and fragment of shaft and dated to the 14/15th century is in front of the south porch. Other details: Cross A.


Department of Environment, 1986, Zeal Monachorum, 73 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV43775.

Cross-base probably 15th century. Granite. The base of a cross stands approximately 350 millimeters high. It is square in section at the bottom and has chamfered edges with pyramid stops above. It is set in a large socket-stone, itself square in section but with the top corners chamfered with large broach stops. This sits on a plinth the top of which has a hollow-chamfered soffit moulding onto a stone rubble base.


Gerrard, S., 1994, 139523 (Site Visit). SDV338927.

Churchyard cross 4 meters south of Zeal monachorum church porch. It is one of 2 standing crosses found in the churchyard, the other being some 6 meters to the southwest, and lies at the convergence of 2 paths through the churchyard. The cross survives as a pedestal, socket stone and fragment of shaft of a type thought to date to the 15th century. The pedestal is 1.67 meters square, is constructed from large slabs of granite and has a single step, with a protruding top edge. It is 0.34meters high. Above the pedestal is a socket stone which is 0.33 meters high, 1.05 meters square at the base, is octagonal above and has chamfered edges. Within the socket stone is a fragment of shaft. This is 0.37 meters high, 0.36 meters square at the base, tapers upwards and also becomes octagonal above.


Gerrard, H., 1994, Untitled Source (Photograph). SDV321210.


Department of Environment, 1996, Churchyard Cross 4 metres south of Zeal Moanachorum Church Porch (Schedule Document). SDV338928.

This monument includes a churchyard cross standing 4 metres south of Zeal Monachorum church porch. It is one of two standing crosses in the churchyard, the other being some 6 metres to the south-west, and lies at the convergence of two paths through the churchyard. The cross survives as a pedestal, socket stone and fragment of shaft of a type thought to date to the 15th century. The pedestal is 1.67 metres square, is constructed from large slabs of granite and has a single step, with a protruding top edge. It is 0.34 metres high. Above the pedestal is a socket stone which is 0.33 metres high, 1.05 metres square at the base, is octagonal above and has chamfered edges. Within the socket stone is a fragment of shaft. This is 0.37 metres high, 0.36 metres square at the base, tapers upwards and also becomes octagonal above. Excluded from the scheduling is the surface of the church path where it falls within the cross's protective margin, although the ground beneath is included. Other details: Monument 27323. Map object based on this Source.


Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 530, (Vol 4), sketch (Un-published). SDV360833.

Zeal Monachorum Churchyard SS719040
The churchyard cross stands in front of south porch of the church, it consists of one square pedestal, with a projecting top edge, bearing a socket-stone which is square at the base with small ribbed corner shoulders and octagonal above with hollow-chamfered top edge. On this are the remains of a fragment of cross shaft, square at the base with pointed corner spurs and octagonal above.
Cross shaft height 0.40 metres, base 0.38 by 0.35 metres, top 0.38 by 0.33 metres. Socket stone 1.09 by 1.09 metres by 0.30 metres high. Pedestal 1.62 by 1.75 metres by 0.33 metres high.


National Monuments Record, 2010, 34857 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV345940.

Remains of two 14th-15th century churchyard crosses. Cross A: at SS71980400 is a stone cross (classified as 14/15th century) in the churchyard, in front of the south porch. A pedestal, socket-stone and fragment of shaft remains.


English Heritage, 2010, Historic Houses Register (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV154869.

Cross base approximately 4 metres south of porch of church of St Peter in Zeal Monachorum


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Map object based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV154869List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: English Heritage. 2010. Historic Houses Register. Historic Houses Register. Website.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback.
SDV321210Photograph: Gerrard, H.. 1994. Photograph (Paper).
SDV338925Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1970. SS70SW1. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV338927Site Visit: Gerrard, S.. 1994. 139523. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset..
SDV338928Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1996. Churchyard Cross 4 metres south of Zeal Moanachorum Church Porch. The Schedule of Monuments. Letter.
SDV345940National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 34857. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 530, (Vol 4), sketch.
SDV43775List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1986. Zeal Monachorum. Historic Houses Register. A4 Bound. 73.
SDV6308Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1938. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part II. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 70. A5 Hardback. 310.

Associated Monuments

MDV2127Related to: Socket Stone at St Peter's Parish Church in Zeal Monachorum (Monument)
MDV2124Related to: Zeal Monachorum, St Peter's Parish Church (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 22 2018 2:19PM