HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV2170
Name:Rectilinear Enclosure South of Long Lane

Summary

A small and roughly rectangular ditch and bank defined enclosure of possible late-prehistoric or Roman date is visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards as a low earthwork and cropmarks in a south-east facing field to the south of Long Lane.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 582 438
Map Sheet:SS54SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBerrynarbor
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUNKNOWN
Ecclesiastical ParishBERRYNARBOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and cropmarks of a Late Iron Age or Roman single ditched rectangular enclosure to west of Brinscott Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS54SE/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Iron Age to Roman - 700 BC? to 409 AD? (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV89011.

Osa=ss54se12.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV89012.

Aph=raf/cpe/uk/1980 3107-8 11/4/1947.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV89013.

Fox, a. /tda/95(1963)79-80/27th report on archaeology and early history.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV89014.

Grinsell, l. V. /archaeology of exmoor/(1970)78,94,206.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV89015.

Silvester, r. J. + higham, r. A. /pdas/38(1980)63-65.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1501, NMR RAF/106G/UK/1501 4247-4248 13-MAY-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349927.

A roughly square enclosure is visible as a low earthwork and cropmark.

Ordnance Survey, 1976, MAL/76048, NMR MAL/76048 220-22 25-JUN-1976 (Aerial Photograph). SDV350659.

The roughly square enclosure is visible as faint cropmarks.

Silvester, R. J. + Higham, R. A., 1980, Domestic Enclosures of Probable Medieval Date (Article in Serial). SDV55518.

Iron age earthwork. Small and rectangular in shape with rounded corners on the berry down upland. In the corner of a field adjoining the road from wheel cottage to brinscott and has been heavily ploughed-down. The position of the entrance is not evident. Very similar to down castle, bratton fleming. Possibly native homesteads or pastoral enclosures of the roman period. Measurements taken from crests of ramparts: 32.6m e-w and 31.0m n-s (fox). Included in a gazetteer of probable medieval domestic enclosures (silvester + higham).

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011-2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

A small and roughly rectangular ditch and bank defined enclosure of possible late-prehistoric or Roman date is visible in the field and on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards as a low earthwork and cropmarks in a field to the south of Long Lane. The field in which the enclosure is visible is situated just off the high ground of Berry Down, on a slight south-east facing spur overlooking the combe of a tributary to the River Yeo.
The enclosure appears to be surrounded by a single ditch up to eight metres wide flanked by an inner and outer bank which are visible as low earthworks and cropmark, although it is possible further elements are present and not visible. No internal features have been identified. The cropmarks are somewhat diffuse but the inner bank is possibly the broader of the two measuring 6-7 metres across. The outer bank is roughly four metres across. The earthworks define a roughly square or rectangular enclosure with rounded corners, roughly 34 metres across north-west to south-east, and approximately 27 metres across north-east to south-west, although the southern edge of the enclosure is not visible. Slight hints of the enclosure can be seen on aerial photographs of 1976 but it is not clearly visible on later aerial photographs available to the survey. Further work such as geophysical survey would be desirable to ascertain the full extent and below ground survival of the enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011-2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349927Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1501. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/106G/UK/1501 4247-4248 13-MAY-1946.
SDV350659Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1976. MAL/76048. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR MAL/76048 220-22 25-JUN-1976.
SDV55518Article in Serial: Silvester, R. J. + Higham, R. A.. 1980. Domestic Enclosures of Probable Medieval Date. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 38. Paperback Volume.
SDV89011Migrated Record:
SDV89012Aerial Photograph:
SDV89013Migrated Record:
SDV89014Migrated Record:
SDV89015Migrated Record:

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project (Ref: ACD383/2/1)

Date Last Edited:Aug 25 2021 11:51AM