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HER Number:MDV21702
Name:Lower Market House, Tavistock


Lower Market House in Market Street, shown on mid 18th century town plan.


Grid Reference:SX 480 744
Map Sheet:SX47SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishTavistock
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SE/118
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX47SE17

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MARKET HOUSE (XIII to XVIII - 1250 AD to 1800 AD (Between))

Full description

Alexander, J. J., 1915, Some Notes on Tavistock History. Second Series, 372-95 (Article in Serial). SDV344361.

The Market Charter for Tavistock was confirmed in 1281 and again in 1347 and Tavistock was created a Stannery town in 1281.

Finberg, H. P. R., 1947, The Borough of Tavistock: Its Origin and Early History, 136-7; plate II (Article in Serial). SDV344360.

'Lower Market House' shown on 18th century street plan by John Wynne. The shambles (called 'shammels' in the local dialect) stood at the junction of Pym Street and Market street and was where the Shammel-Moot court presided.

Timms, S. C., 1976, The Devon Urban Survey, 1976. First Draft, 170 (Report - Survey). SDV341346.

The earliest market probably occupied the area bounded by King Street and Market Street. By the 18th century there were Higher and Lower Market Houses and the street names such as Barley Street and Butcher Street give the locations of specialist market areas. The process of centralisation of market activities began in 1835 with the construction of the Corn market and in 1860 the New Market was built. Today this is the site of the historic pannier market, which has been carried on in Tavostock for some 870 years.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX47SE17 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV344359.

Site of Lower Market House. Before 1726 Tavistock had built a Market House where the cross stood.
There are two Market Houses shown on a street plan of 1755 in what was later known as Market Street

Exeter Archaeology, 1997, Archaeological Assessment of Tavistock Sewer Overflows Scheme, 3 (Report - Assessment). SDV344347.

Market Street was once the open market area for the Medieval town of Tavistock and 'Lower Market House' is shown on Wynne's 18th century map in the middle of Market Street. The date of the original market house is not known but it was presumably removed after the construction of the new pannier market around 1859.

Mettler, A.E., 2010, Field Book to the Plan of Tavistock: 1751 and 1752, 32 (Monograph). SDV350389.

G7, Lower Market House.

The Tavistock Wynne Map Heritage Project, 2012, Tavistock 1752, G7 (Website). SDV350360.

Building 7 marked 'Lower Market House'.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV341346Report - Survey: Timms, S. C.. 1976. The Devon Urban Survey, 1976. First Draft. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. A4 Unbound + Digital. 170.
SDV344347Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1997. Archaeological Assessment of Tavistock Sewer Overflows Scheme. Exeter Archaeology Report. 97.02. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV344359Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX47SE17. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index + Digital.
SDV344360Article in Serial: Finberg, H. P. R.. 1947. The Borough of Tavistock: Its Origin and Early History. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 79. A5 Hardback. 136-7; plate II.
SDV344361Article in Serial: Alexander, J. J.. 1915. Some Notes on Tavistock History. Second Series. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 47. A5 Hardback. 372-95.
SDV350360Website: The Tavistock Wynne Map Heritage Project. 2012. Tavistock 1752. http://www.tavistock1752.co.uk/index.cfm. Website. G7.
SDV350389Monograph: Mettler, A.E.. 2010. Field Book to the Plan of Tavistock: 1751 and 1752. Field Book to the Plan of Tavistock: 1751 and 1752. Paperback Volume. 32.

Associated Monuments

MDV23172Related to: Corn Market, West Street, Tavistock (Building)
MDV21701Related to: Higher Market House, Tavistock (Building)
MDV21792Related to: Medieval Borough of Tavistock (Monument)
MDV76330Related to: Tavistock (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4597 - Assessment of Tavistock Sewer Overflow Scheme

Date Last Edited:Feb 4 2015 1:07PM