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HER Number:MDV21786
Name:Cullompton Borough

Summary

Cullompton is not documented as a Borough until the middle of the 17th century, despite its size and the existence of a weekly market and fair from the 14th century.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 021 072
Map Sheet:ST00NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST00NW/45

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BURGH (XVII - 1601 AD to 1700 AD (Pre))

Full description

Morris, B., 11/08/2014, Land at Shortlands Lane Cullompton, Devon. Results of a Desk-Based Assessment and Archaeological Excavation, 15 (Report - Excavation). SDV359548.


Beresford, M. W. + Finberg, H. P. R., 1973, English Medieval Boroughs. A Handlist, 90 (Monograph). SDV6626.

Cullompton. Described as Burgus in 1640.


Tiverton District Council, 1978, Cullompton Conservation Area, 1 (Report - non-specific). SDV41951.

Despite its size and the existence of a weekly market and a fair from the 14th century, Cullompton is not documented as a Borough until the middle of the 17th century. Therefore it is difficult to establish when the settlement first took on an urban identity.


Green, T., 2006, St Andrew's Nursing Home, Pye Corner, Cullompton: Results of a Desk-based Assessment and Archaeological Evaluation (Report - Assessment). SDV337664.

There is no documentary evidence that Cullompton ever acquired borough status although the layout of the town is typical of boroughs in the area. The long plots on either side of High Street and Fore Street are typical burgage plots, and the wide High Street is clearly a market area. Markets were granted to Cullompton in 1278 and 1317.


Context One Archaeological Services, 2009, Land to the North of Tiverton Road, Cullompton, Devon. An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment and Geophysical Survey, 7 (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV345067.


Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants, 2009, The Walronds, Cullompton, Devon. A Conservation Management Plan for The Cullompton Walronds Preservation Trust. Consultation Draft, 6, 9 (Report - non-specific). SDV344797.

The town burgage plots could be as early as Saxon in origin, subdivided into narrower plots in the medieval period. Markets were granted in 1278 and 1317.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV337664Report - Assessment: Green, T.. 2006. St Andrew's Nursing Home, Pye Corner, Cullompton: Results of a Desk-based Assessment and Archaeological Evaluation. Southwest Archaeology Report. 061117. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344797Report - non-specific: Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants. 2009. The Walronds, Cullompton, Devon. A Conservation Management Plan for The Cullompton Walronds Preservation Trust. Consultation Draft. Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants Report. K/770. A4 Stapled + Digital. 6, 9.
SDV345067Report - Geophysical Survey: Context One Archaeological Services. 2009. Land to the North of Tiverton Road, Cullompton, Devon. An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment and Geophysical Survey. Context One Archaeological Services Report. COAS/DBA;GEO/08/TRC. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7.
SDV359548Report - Excavation: Morris, B.. 11/08/2014. Land at Shortlands Lane Cullompton, Devon. Results of a Desk-Based Assessment and Archaeological Excavation. Southwest Archaeology Report. 20140811. Digital. 15.
SDV41951Report - non-specific: Tiverton District Council. 1978. Cullompton Conservation Area. Tiverton District Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1.
SDV6626Monograph: Beresford, M. W. + Finberg, H. P. R.. 1973. English Medieval Boroughs. A Handlist. English Medieval Boroughs. A Handlist. A5 Hardback. 90.

Associated Monuments

MDV73707Related to: Burgage Plots, Fore Street (Monument)
MDV71719Related to: Cullompton Saxon Settlement (Monument)
MDV1411Related to: Market Cross, Fore Street, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV54301Related to: Minster Church and College, Cullompton (Monument)
MDV43869Related to: Upper Bull Ring (Old Cattle Market), Cullompton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4149 - St Andrew's Nursing Home, Pye Corner
  • EDV4777 - Conservation Management Plan for The Walronds, Cullompton
  • EDV4862 - Geophysical Survey North of Tiverton Road, Cullompton
  • EDV6943 - Desk Based Appraisal and Excavation of Land off Shortlands Lane, Cullompton

Date Last Edited:Apr 21 2016 9:24AM