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HER Number:MDV22047
Name:Middle Clyst William Farmhouse, Plymtree


Long low cob building with a thatched roof. The house dates to the 15th century but was altered in the 16th and 17th centuries and extended in the 19th century. It has a large external front stack which collapsed in 1996.


Grid Reference:ST 068 027
Map Sheet:ST00SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishPlymtree
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPLYMTREE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: ST00SE 15
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST00SE/24
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II*)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (Built, XV to XIX - 1401 AD (Between) to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Department of Environment, 1950, Honiton RD, 37 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV118185.

Middle Clyst William.17C with two storeys. Long low cob building with thatched roof. Large external chimney with offsets on centre front. Oven bulge on west return. Casement windows.

Alcock, N. W., 1981, Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue, 111 (Report - non-specific). SDV342504.

Jointed cruck recorded (citing P. Child).

Thorp, R. J. L., 1982, Two hall houses in a late medieval terrrace: 8-12 Fore Street, Silverton, 171-80 (Article in Serial). SDV124261.

Smoke louvre is of a type paralleled in Devon only by that at Fore Street, Silverton (see MDV42115).

Department of Environment, 1988, Plymtree, 106 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV124262.

Middle Clyst William farmhouse. Mid/late 15C with major 16C and 17C improvements, 19C extension. Plastered cob on stone rubble footings; stone rubble stacks, one built within an earlier timber-framed smoke bay, topped with 19C and 20C brick; thatch roof. It consists of a five room and through passage plan house facing southwest. The 19C extension was originally built as a cider cellar but has now been brought into domestic use. The house has a long and complex structural history. The original hall house was not much smaller than the present one (excluding the 19C extension). There was a chamber over the inner room from the beginning. The rest of the house was open to the roof, divided by low partition screens and was heated by and open hearth fire. At an early stage it seems that the top at least of the left end truss was filled to create some kind of smoke bay at this end. This may be related to the flooring over the rest of the lower end before building a full height crosswall on the lower side of the passage. The hall open hearth fire was still in operation at this time. In the mid/late 16C the hall stack was inserted. During the 16C the kitchen end smoke bay was replaced by a timber-framed stack. 7-window front of mostly 19C and 20C casements with glazing bars. 17C oak window with moulded mullion to inner room parlour. Interior: very good. Both sides of the passage are lined with close-studded crosswalls, possibly mid 16C or thereabouts in date. Late medieval roof is largely intact. Roof structural features. Evidence of smoke blackening. A well-preserved multi-phase Devon farmhouse, notable for its fine late medieval roof. See DoE list for full details.

Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N., 1989, The Buildings of England: Devon, 688 (Monograph). SDV325629.

Child, P, 1996, Middle Clyst William, Plymtree (Ground Photograph). SDV364718.

Photos showing the collapse of the front lateral stack.

Tyers, C + Hurford, M. + Arnold, A. + Howard, R.E. + Thorp, J., 2009, Dendrochronological Research in Devon: Phase II, Table 1 (Report - Interim). SDV348234.

The farmhouse was assessed for dendrochronological analysis but not sampled.

Ordnance Survey, 2022, Mastermap 2022 (Cartographic). SDV364674.

Middle Clyst William marked.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV118185List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1950. Honiton RD. Historic Houses Register. Unknown. 37.
SDV124261Article in Serial: Thorp, R. J. L.. 1982. Two hall houses in a late medieval terrrace: 8-12 Fore Street, Silverton. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 40. 171-80.
SDV124262List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1988. Plymtree. Historic Houses Register. 106.
SDV325629Monograph: Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N.. 1989. The Buildings of England: Devon. The Buildings of England: Devon. Hardback Volume. 688.
SDV342504Report - non-specific: Alcock, N. W.. 1981. Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. 42. Photocopy. 111.
SDV348234Report - Interim: Tyers, C + Hurford, M. + Arnold, A. + Howard, R.E. + Thorp, J.. 2009. Dendrochronological Research in Devon: Phase II. English Heritage Centre for Archaeology Report. A4 Unbound + Digital. Table 1.
SDV364674Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2022. Mastermap 2022. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #135299 ]
SDV364718Ground Photograph: Child, P. 1996. Middle Clyst William, Plymtree. Devon County Council Historic Buildings Photo. Photograph (Paper) + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV22048Related to: Clyst William Barton Farmhouse (Monument)
MDV1450Related to: Clyst William Settlement (Monument)
MDV42115Related to: HOUSE in the Parish of Silverton (Building)
MDV22050Related to: Little Clyst William Farmhouse (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV5623 - Dendrochronological Research in Devon, Phase II

Date Last Edited:Feb 5 2022 4:30PM