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HER Number:MDV22272
Name:The Retreat, 12 Gravel Walk, Cullompton


House forming part of a row to the south of the parish church. Circa 1660s with later alterations.


Grid Reference:ST 302 107
Map Sheet:ST31SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: ST00NW/43
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 95301

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HOUSE (XVII - 1660 AD to 1669 AD)

Full description

Copeland, G. W., 1964, Proceedings at the 102nd Annual Meeting, 20-21 (Article in Serial). SDV57390.

Visited 8th June 1964. The Retreat retains a good front porch, and adjoins the Cottages, where there is the remains of some curious wall decoration in one of the rooms. There is an unfounded tradition that the whole building was associated with the church, perhaps a priests house.

Tiverton District Council, 1978, Cullompton Conservation Area, 7 (Report - non-specific). SDV41951.

Alcock, N. W., 1981, Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV342504.

The Retreat.12, Gravel Walk. Jointed cruck recorded (Alcock citing M. Laithwaite).

Department of Environment, 1986, Cullompton, 73 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV336339.

House forming part of a row to the south of the parish church. Circa 1660s with later alterations. Cob, stone plinth, plastered, under gable-end thatched roof. Formerly a three-room, cross passage plan with left-hand extension over vehicular access. Right-hand end stack and axial stack at upper end of hall, both with brick shafts. Two storeys. Front: facing away from church): scattered fenestration; extreme left-hand window (above vehicular access), three lights, with 18 leaded panes to outer lights, 21 to middle light; former end wall to the right of the access, and it is here, internally, that the sequence of crucks begins. Door to passage (to right of centre), wide, panelled with studded muntins with ovolo moulded jambs, under two storey gabled porch, open to ground floor, with two rough Ionic timber supports and ovolo-moulded lintel; bressumer with cyma recta moulding and carrying decorative frieze; five-light window above, chamfered jambs and mullions, 21 leaded panes per light; 19th century fascia. Upper windows to old range: two four-light windows and one three-light. One later single-light. Ground floor: two three-light and two five-light, also one single-light possibly a fire window. Rear: three tiny windows, one at head of stairs, jambs with concave moulding and roll; another with ovolo-moulded jambs and a third unmoulded. Interior: right-hand room with end fireplace, unchamfered stone jambs; timber lintel with cyma recta moulding and scroll stops, the jambs retaining a fragment of painted decoration in the form of squares, divided diagonally into four, the quarters alternatively black and white. Simple chamfered beam. Hall fireplace with chamfered timber lintel; chamfered beam with scroll stops and cyma recta moulding. Two door surrounds in this room with concave moulding. Joists with scratch mouldings. Inner room with one rough unchamfered axial beam. Roof: five jointed crucks with trenched purlins visible in upper rooms. Note: dated examples of painted fireplace appear to be circa 1660s

Adams, A., 2010, Sgraffito - Decorated and Painted Plaster on Devon Fireplaces, 4 (Report - non-specific). SDV354436.

Sgraffito-decorated fireplace.

Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

Adams, A., 2015, Sgraffito-Decorated and Painted Plaster on Devon Fireplaces, 165 (Article in Monograph). SDV365384.

A diagonally quartered square design was used in combination with other geometric patterns.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336339List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1986. Cullompton. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 73.
SDV342504Report - non-specific: Alcock, N. W.. 1981. Cruck Construction: An Introduction and Catalogue. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. 42. Photocopy. 109.
SDV348725Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV354436Report - non-specific: Adams, A.. 2010. Sgraffito - Decorated and Painted Plaster on Devon Fireplaces. Exeter Archaeology. 10.24. A4 Grip Bound + Digital. 4.
SDV365384Article in Monograph: Adams, A.. 2015. Sgraffito-Decorated and Painted Plaster on Devon Fireplaces. West Country Households 1500-1700. Hardback Volume. 165.
SDV41951Report - non-specific: Tiverton District Council. 1978. Cullompton Conservation Area. Tiverton District Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7.
SDV57390Article in Serial: Copeland, G. W.. 1964. Proceedings at the 102nd Annual Meeting. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 96. A5 Paperback. 20-21.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Feb 16 2024 4:30PM