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HER Number:MDV2233
Name:Cross in St German's Churchyard

Summary

Remains of stone cross which formerly stood at Cross Green, to west of present location by west gate of churchyard. Head and arms removed when used as gatepost in late 19th/early 20th century.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 438 941
Map Sheet:SX49SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGermansweek
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishGERMANSWEEK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 438288
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX49SW/4/1
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX49SW1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Unknown date)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Stone Cross (Remains of)' marked near cottage to east of graveyard.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Cross (Remains of)' shown.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 308-9 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1939, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon, First Paper, 233 (Article in Serial). SDV19576.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX49SW1 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV344130.

Germansweek. The shaft and head of a stone cross stands in the churchyard near the West gate. It lost the arms when used as a gate-post. (Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon Pt 1 308 and supp notes. 233 Masson Phillips, E.)

The granite cross shaft stands just inside the churchyard gateway. Height 1.7 metres, width 0.35 metres, depth 0.25 metres. Head damaged on south side of the shaft and both arms broken off. It was originally a wayside cross and lost its head and arms when a farmer took it for a gatepost during early 1900s. The mutilated shaft lay in the churchyard until set up in its original position. It had stood for some time at the road junction half a kilometre west of the church, at a corner on a hedge bank. (Site visit 26th April 1951.)

Confirms original location as reported above (TDA Vol 86 1954 178 Masson Phillips, E.)

Cross (Remains of). (OS 25" 1955).

As above. Appears to have suffered reduction of width, due to modern stone dressing, along entire south-west side. Arm stump just visible on north-east side. (Site visit 23rd May 1974.)

Other details: Photograph.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1954, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper), 178 (Article in Serial). SDV15725.


Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 173, (Vol 2), sketch (Un-published). SDV360833.

Germansweek Churchyard SX438942
A cross shaft stands in in the churchyard near the west gate. A shaft of rough rectangular section, with the arms knocked off. The head above the arms remains. It is damaged at one side but the other side reveals that it expands upwards slightly. It is possible that the arms expanded outwards.
It was originally a wayside cross which stood at the road junction half a kilometre west of the church, at a corner on a hedge bank. It lost its arms when a farmer took it for a gatepost. The mutilated shaft lay in the churchyard until set up in its present position.
Shaft height 1.68 metres, base 0.35 metres by 0.27 metres.


National Monuments Record, 2010, 438288 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV344131.

A native of Germansweek remembers this cross shaft standing in the hedgerow at the corner of Cross Green when he was a boy. It was removed circa 1900 by a farmer and used as a gatepost until its subsequent rescue and erection in the churchyard.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV15725Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1954. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 86. A5 Hardback. 178.
SDV19576Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1939. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon, First Paper. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 71. A5 Hardback. 233.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 308-9.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #83408 ]
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344130Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX49SW1. OSAD Card. Card Index + Digital.
SDV344131National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 438288. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 173, (Vol 2), sketch.

Associated Monuments

MDV121111Related to: Cross shaft by Germansweek churchyard (Monument)
MDV2232Related to: Germansweek, St German's (Building)
MDV121631Related to: Socket stone by Germansweek churchyard (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Oct 17 2018 9:31AM