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HER Number:MDV23098
Name:4 Market Street, Tavistock


House with shop, the right-hand end of it now part of 3 Market Street dating to the 16th century or earlier. It was enlarged during the 16th century, and altered in the 18th or 19th century and a rear wing added. Elements of the 16th century property survive including the remains of a wall painting of a warship and a reused window.


Grid Reference:SX 480 744
Map Sheet:SX47SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishTavistock
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SE/172
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 93448
  • Tide Project: 24/04/2020

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HOUSE (Built, XV to XIX - 1500 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Department of Environment, 06/08/1991, Tavistock (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV350255.

Description amended.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Department of Environment, 1983, Tavistock, 21 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV272550.

Number 4 Market Street in Tavistock. 18th century or earlier restored. Projecting frontage. Three storeys cement rendered. Return wall has splayed corbel at second floor level. Low shop windows, one bowed and one with pentice.

Beacham, P., 1988, 4 Market Street, Tavistock (Ground Photograph). SDV363545.

Black and white photos of a wall painting on the north wall of first floor front room and a reused window in north-west corner of first floor rear wing.

Exeter Archaeology, 1997, Archaeological Assessment of Tavistock Sewer Overflows Scheme, 5 (Report - Assessment). SDV344347.

West Devon Borough Council, 2009, Tavistock Conservation Area Management Plan, 4, 20, 27-28 (Report - non-specific). SDV351411.

There are a number of buildings in Market Street which date to the 16th or 17th centuries, where a detailed archaeological evaluation will be required before any work can be contemplated.

English Heritage, 2010, Historic Houses Register (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV154869.

House with shop, now entirely a shop and workroom; the right-hand end of it now part of Number 3 Market Street. Built in the 16th century or possibly earlier, considerably enlarged during the 16th century; superficially altered in the 18th/19th century and a rear wing added. Rendered stone rubble, except for front wall of rendered timber-framing. Slated roof, hipped to right. Large rendered chimney with tapered cap. Plan: double-depth, one room wide. The rear range, which originally extended into Number 3, has a rear wall 0.69 metres thick and may be basically Medieval. The range appears to have had a second one built in front of it during 16th century with second-storey ceiling-beams 25 centimetres higher than those at the rear. This range did not extend into the present Number 3, which may have contained the entrance to the house. Exterior: three storeys; two-window range. Front of solid side-wall to right corbelled out at second floor level. Ground storey has a ten paned bow window. Half-glazed plank door to left, the upper part with nine panes (now painted over). Entablature at first-floor level, mutilated to insert late 20th century shop sign. Upper storeys have box-framed, four-paned sash windows with horns. Boxed eaves-cornice. Exposed part of side-wall to right is one window wide. Square projecting shop with entablature; centre door. Upper storey windows and eaves-cornice as front. Interior: No early features visible in ground storey, although these probably exist under plaster and boarding. Upper storey has 16th century moulded beams that have been cut off short and replaced by 20th century steel girders. Rear part has butt end of beam protruding through from Number 3. Front room has a beam similarly treated and the remains of a half-beam that formerly lay against the dividing-wall between the front and back rooms. There are complete half-beams against the left side-wall. The mouldings of these beams are similar to those in the rear part, but with the addition of an ogee. Painted on the plaster of the left side-wall is what appears to be a 16th century sailing-ship with at least two masts in red, black, yellow and green; it is certainly of some antiquity, since parts of it are overlain by a layer of old white lime and hair plaster. In the left hand rear corner of the wing is a chimney containing a re-used 16th century stone window with two moulded round-arched lights. Other details: LBS Number 93448.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Horner, B., 2020, Tudor warship rediscovered high and dry in Tavistock (Article in Serial). SDV363663.

Part of a detailed wall painting depicting a 16th century warship survives in a first floor front room at 4 Market Street. It was first discovered in the 1980s and came to light again during recent refurbishment works. The section that survives is very detailed, showing the forecastle decorated with St George crosses, the foremast and sail and part of the mainmast. The ship appears similar to those on the Anthony Roll, a record of Henry VIII's navy made in 1546.
The room was an extension to a later medieval house, jettied out over the ground floor, with another extension above. The extension is believed to date from the late 15th or first half of the 16th century.
See article for further details.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV154869List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: English Heritage. 2010. Historic Houses Register. Historic Houses Register. Website.
SDV272550List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1983. Tavistock. Historic Houses Register. A4 Comb Bound. 21.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #83662 ]
SDV344347Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1997. Archaeological Assessment of Tavistock Sewer Overflows Scheme. Exeter Archaeology Report. 97.02. A4 Stapled + Digital. 5.
SDV350255List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 06/08/1991. Tavistock. Amendment to List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interes. A4 Stapled.
SDV351411Report - non-specific: West Devon Borough Council. 2009. Tavistock Conservation Area Management Plan. West Devon Borough Council Report. a4 Stapled + Digital. 4, 20, 27-28.
SDV363545Ground Photograph: Beacham, P.. 1988. 4 Market Street, Tavistock. Devon County Council Conservation Section Photo Archive. Photograph (Paper) + Digital.
Linked images:4
SDV363663Article in Serial: Horner, B.. 2020. Tudor warship rediscovered high and dry in Tavistock. Devon Archaeological Society Newsletter. 136. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV128167Parent of: Wall painting in 4 Market Street, Tavistock (Monument)
MDV23096Related to: 2 Market Street, Tavistock (Building)
MDV23097Related to: 3 Market Street, Tavistock (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4597 - Assessment of Tavistock Sewer Overflow Scheme

Date Last Edited:Apr 29 2020 10:10AM