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HER Number:MDV23236
Name:4 North Street, Ashburton


16th or early 17th century with later alterations. Traditionally thought to have been the headquarters of General Fairfax during the Civil War. This building may have once been the Mermaid inn.


Grid Reference:SX 756 699
Map Sheet:SX76NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishAshburton
Ecclesiastical ParishASHBURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX76NE/125
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 376084

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HOUSE (XV to XVII - 1500 AD to 1650 AD)
  • INN? (XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)

Full description

Webb, P., 1995, The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton, 31 (Monograph). SDV347208.

Mermaid Inn, North Street.
Thought by some to have been an early church house inn, building apparently dates from the early 15th century, with 16th century alterations. Served as General Fairfax's headquarters in 1646 during the English Civil War, with his officers billeted around the corner in the Royal Oak.
There have been ironmongers in North Street for many years; certainly since the 1850s.
Author believes by the late 19th century this building was probably the Mermaid Inn (mentioned in Charles Worthy's book 'Ashburton and its Neighbourhood', 1875).

Thorp, J. R. L., 1999, 4 North Street, Ashburton (Report - Survey). SDV347207.

Detailed description of the property provided, including developments and some basic history of the building.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

Number 4 North Street. A 16th or early 17th century dwelling with alterations, two storeys and half dormers, rendered, small local slates to roof. Two casement half-dormers. Two flush frame sash windows, at first floor, with glazing bars, and remains of label moulds above. Medieval granite arch to doorway and relieving arches to door and window in local stone. 16th or early 17th century door-frame with stopped carved moulding. Traditionally the headquarters of Fairfax during the Civil War. Other details: LB number: 376084.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #83773 ]
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV347207Report - Survey: Thorp, J. R. L.. 1999. 4 North Street, Ashburton. Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants Report. K577. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV347208Monograph: Webb, P.. 1995. The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton. The Pubs and Inns of Ashburton. Paperback Volume. 31.

Associated Monuments

MDV23235Related to: 1 and 3 East Street and 2 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV23251Related to: 1 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV23237Related to: 6 North Street, Ashburton (Building)
MDV80011Related to: Royal Oak inn, Ashburton (Building)
MDV7903Related to: Site of the Church House, Ashburton (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV5036 - Building recording, 4 North Street, Ashburton

Date Last Edited:Apr 1 2022 3:19PM