HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV23384
Name:Horsey Island

Summary

The reclamation of Horsey Island was completed in 1857. The enclosed land was divided into fields of about 10 acres each, by dry stone fences.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 477 336
Map Sheet:SS43SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBraunton
Civil ParishHeanton Punchardon
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishHEANTON PUNCHARDON
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAUNTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS43SE/64

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Whitley, N., 1861, On the Embanking and Reclaiming of the Marsh-Lands of the Manor of Heanton Punchardon, North Devon, 283-295 (Article in Serial). SDV341163.

An account of the progress and completion, in June 1857, of the work of embanking and improving the extensive marshes fringing the manor of Heanton Punchardon, and the results obtained. The enclosed land was divided into fields of about 10 acres each, by dry stone fences. Other details: Plan.


Turpin, J. W., 1982, Braunton Great Field and Marshes, 7 (Report - non-specific). SDV341027.

In the 1850s another sea wall was constructed to reclaim the newly-accreted Horsey Marsh and Wrafton and Velator Marshes. The Horsey Island works were completed in June 1857, when the final gap was closed between tides by 320 men with 140 carts. Tidal water still enters Horsey through a sluice near the north east corner and there is an area of brackish marsh near the White House - mainly the result of a breach in the sea wall in 1911.


Manning, C., 2007, Braunton Marsh Management Study 2007, 5-7 (Report - non-specific). SDV341104.

The reclamation of Horsey Island was completed in 1857, but by the mid 1870s expensive maintenance works were already necessary to protect the westen end of the Horsey Embankment, through the construction of a stone groyne. In December 1910 a storm caused extensive damage along much of the North Devon coast, including 5 breaches in the Horsey Embankment. The repairs were still being completed as late as February 1913, and the final cost was almost £20,000.


Wessex Archaeology, 2007, RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV342125.

Other details: WA 79.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 1134 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

As part of the reclamation of Horsey Island Marsh in 1857, the reclaimed land was divided up into 20 fields of approximately 10 acres each. A road system was laid out and linhays erected, each linhay to serve two fields.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 1134.
SDV341027Report - non-specific: Turpin, J. W.. 1982. Braunton Great Field and Marshes. Devon County Council Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 7.
SDV341104Report - non-specific: Manning, C.. 2007. Braunton Marsh Management Study 2007. Taw Torridge Estuary Forum Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 5-7.
SDV341163Article in Serial: Whitley, N.. 1861. On the Embanking and Reclaiming of the Marsh-Lands of the Manor of Heanton Punchardon, North Devon. Journal of Bath and West and Southern Counties Society for the Encouragemen. 9. Photocopy + Digital. 283-295.
SDV342125Report - Assessment: Wessex Archaeology. 2007. RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment. Wessex Archaeology Report. 67300.01. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #83885 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV17027Related to: Horsey Island Sea Wall, Braunton (Monument)
MDV74672Related to: Sluice in Horsey Sea Wall (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4490 - RMB Chivenor Flood Defence Scheme Barnstaple, Devon: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment

Date Last Edited:May 10 2017 3:55PM