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HER Number:MDV2397
Name:Hut circle in field system on Wigford Down, Meavy

Summary

A detached prehistoric hut circle associated with field systems (MDV2219) nearby on the southern area of Wigford Down. The ruined stony walls are banked with earth to a height of 0.6 metres and the circle has an approximate diameter of 10 metres with walls spread to 3.5 metres. An entrance opening is visible on the south side.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 543 644
Map Sheet:SX56SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVEY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and walling of Bronze age parallel reave field system with hut circle settlements and cairns, plus deserted Medieval settlements with long houses and pillow mounds, on Wigford Down

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SW 9
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SW/24
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: sx56sw9
  • Pastscape: 439546
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, 3238-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV340833.

Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1953, Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors, 68, 73 (Article in Serial). SDV337080.

Fox, A., 1954, Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor, 102 (Article in Serial). SDV231175.

Hut circles, 6.1 metres internal diameter with small fields . Fox claims that two hut circles are here. Cist SX56SW/6 is mentioned as nearby with field wall superimposed on it.

Price, D. G., 1978, Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down, 69-75 (Article in Serial). SDV220620.

National Monuments Record, 1979, SF1520, 113-117 (Aerial Photograph). SDV149521.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated enclosure of three elements attached to field boundaries within field system sx56sw/120. Two of these elements may be the remains of a small rectangular field divided into two by east-west boundary. One hut circle freestanding within larger element of enclosure. One hut circle attached to interior wall of same. One hut circle attached to exterior wall of smaller element. Two hut circles freestanding within same field system at SX54416442.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 78, Map 48, Figure 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Five scattered huts comprise Settlement 'A' on the southern side Wigford Down field system.

GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

Visible on the aerial photography.

National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

The hut circle at the above grid reference is visible on the aerial photographs with a low bank arcing east and north to join sub-rectangular fields (SX56SW/26). Traces of a second hut circle (b) can be seen immediately to the south of the centre of this field bank. A further hut circle is visible at SX54356442, with low field banks to its east and another to the north which connects with the settlement SX56SW/7 (citing Ordnance Survey?, 1946).

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, WD-18 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(14/08/2020) Condition assessed as moderate; vegetation encroachment is threatening the feature.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Image taken during August 2020 site visit, view showing monument completely inundated with chest high bracken and no stones visible above it.

Newman, P., 2019-2020, Survey data from various sites on Dartmoor (Cartographic). SDV363779.

Newman, P., 2020, Wigford Down Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. A new survey (Report - Survey). SDV363780.

A detached prehistoric hut circle associated with field system nearby on the southern area of Wigford Down. The ruined stony walls are banked with earth to a height of 0.6 metres and the circle has an approximate diameter of 10 metres with walls spread to 3.5 metres. An entrance opening is visible on the south side.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 78, Map 48, Figure 48.1.
SDV149521Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. SF1520. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 113-117.
SDV220620Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1978. Settlement and ancient fields on Wigford Down. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 110. Unknown. 69-75.
SDV231175Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1954. Celtic Fields and Farms on Dartmoor in Light of Recent Excavations at Kestor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 20. Unknown. 102.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337080Article in Serial: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1953. Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 18. Digital. 68, 73.
SDV340833Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3238-9.
SDV345751Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
SDV359964Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WD-18.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV363779Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2019-2020. Survey data from various sites on Dartmoor. GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #84401 ]
SDV363780Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2020. Wigford Down Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. A new survey. Southwest Landscape Investigations. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2219Part of: Parallel reave system on Wigford Down (Monument)
MDV2373Related to: Cairn with Cist on Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV119818Related to: Hut circle in field system on south side of Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV2375Related to: Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV40209Related to: Hut circle on south side of Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)
MDV5617Related to: Hut or ring cairn on south side of Wigford Down, Meavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8316 - Wigford Down PAL survey

Date Last Edited:Apr 15 2021 12:12PM