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HER Number:MDV2398
Name:Prehistoric Hut Circles on Crownhill Down

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an earthwork on the ridge of Crownhill Down. The hut circle is one of seven probably associated with a surrounding prehistoric field system crossing Crownhill Down.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 575 605
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishSparkwell
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishPLYMPTON ST.MARY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439306
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 760
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56SE70

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Ministry of Works, 1970, Hut Circle 915 metres East of Coleland Bridge (Schedule Document). SDV343430.

Hut circle 915 metres east of Coleland Bridge. A circular kerb of two stones presumably a hut circle although it could conceivably be the denuded remains of the kerb of a round barrow. It is associated with quite an extensive field system. The circle is 7.62 metres to 9.14 metres in diameter and is under a patch of lush grass in moorland scrub. Other details: Monument 760.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1970 - 1978, SX56SE70 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343431.

Two hut circles on Crownhill Down. Both have walls containing large stones. They are associated with ancient fields. Hut a) at SX575605 is 18 feet (5.5 metres) in diameter and is Scheduled Monument Number 760.

Edwards, 1979, Hemerdon Survey (Report - Survey). SDV342252.

Site visited on 16th June 1979. A circular hut circle defined by an intermittent wall of earth and boulders and grass cover in an area of dense scrub stands on Crownhill Down at the north end of a Prehistoric field wall apparently remodelled during the Medieval period. It is also associated with a small prehistoric field system.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV343436.

Site visited on 2nd October 1980. A Type 2 hut at SX57556055 with most of its double walling removed. It has an internal diameter of 7.6 metres. The surviving walling being 1.6 metres wide and 0.6 metres high.

Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J., 1982, Mapping Three Millennia of Settlement and Land Use on Crownhill Down, South West Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV362901.

Hut circle in Field System 2.

Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J., 1985, Linear Banks on Crownhill Down, Dartmoor (Article in Serial). SDV337244.

Hut circle in Field System 2.

National Monuments Record, 2002, 439306 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343432.

There are five hut circles and one hut platform within a Prehistoric field system on Crownhill Down. Hut F) at SX57586057 is a hut circle defined by ten boulders and an intermittent bank measures 10 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high with a flat grassy interior.
Hut F) a Type 2 hut with most of its double walling removed. It has an internal diameter of 7.6 metres with the surviving walling being 1.6 metres wide and 0.6 metres high.
Scattered group of hut circles probably associated with a rectilinear field system. At SX57556056 are the robbed remains of a hut circle with an internal diameter of 7 metres enclosed by a fragmentary stone and earth bank 1.1 metres wide and 0.5 metres high on the north side. The position of the entrance is not clear.
Adjacent to the hut are two probable hut stances. At SX57586056 is 6 metres across and cut into the slight slope with a 0.4 metre high scarp on the downhill side. At SX57556054 is a level stance circa 7 metres across.

Fletcher, M., 2002, The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report, 4 (Report - Survey). SDV343412.

Other details: Figure 3 and Crownhill Down Survey.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 110 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 102 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.

English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 107 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Declining. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5760 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A curilinear bank is identifiable as an earthwork.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An earthwork bank up to circa 2m wide is visible as a very slight earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013, enclosing a roughly circular hollow approximately 12m in diameter.
The circular earthwork is abutted by a very slight bank, which in turn abuts a north-north-east to south-south-west linear earthwork bank, probably part of a wider prehistoric field system crossing Crownhill Down (MDV2558).
The circular earthwork is interpreted as a hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date, one of seven associated with the surrounding field system, and one of three closely grouped hut circles and two possible hut platforms.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV337244Article in Serial: Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J.. 1985. Linear Banks on Crownhill Down, Dartmoor. Landscape History. 7. Unknown.
SDV342252Report - Survey: Edwards. 1979. Hemerdon Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Unknown.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 110.
SDV343412Report - Survey: Fletcher, M.. 2002. The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report. English Heritage Report. AI/31/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV343430Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. 1970. Hut Circle 915 metres East of Coleland Bridge. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV343431Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1970 - 1978. SX56SE70. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343432National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2002. 439306. National Monuments Record Index. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV343436Personal Comment: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 102.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 107.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5760 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362901Article in Serial: Gilbertson, D. + Collis, J.. 1982. Mapping Three Millennia of Settlement and Land Use on Crownhill Down, South West Dartmoor. Field Studies. 5. Digital.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2558Related to: Prehistoric Field System on Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV12925Related to: Prehistoric Hut Circle east of Old Bottle Hill Leat (Monument)
MDV12907Related to: Prehistoric Hut Circle on Crownhill Down (Monument)
MDV12927Related to: Prehistoric Hut Circle on Crownhill Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4559 - Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Riddding Down
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Oct 23 2019 5:18PM