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HER Number:MDV2402
Name:Cairn on Penn Moor, Cornwood

Summary

A mound visible as an earthwork on the south-west facing slopes below Penn beacon on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, is probably the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date. Field investigation reveals the mound to be in poor condition with some modern disturbance.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 598 622
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE63
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 439285
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/5
  • Old SAM Ref: 10759

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138513.

Grinsell, l. V. /pdas/36(1978)136/cornwood 4. Vis=22/9/1975 (grinsell) cairn with inner retaining circle, of which at least 9 stones are still visible. Diameter 13.7m, height 0.6m.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV138515.

Aph=nmr sx5962/1(8/4/1976).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138516.

Mercer, r. J. /upper plym valley survey/(1987)23.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138517.

Turner, j. R. /pdas/48(1990)74/e7. Platform circle with stone ring 7m internal diam around flat-topped cairn 0.6m high (turner).

ACV, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138508.

Mercer's site no 23 is incorrectly referenced to the above site. In fact mercer's no 23 should be referenced to sx56se/51 (acv).

AM, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV138509.

Vis=est=-/-/1990 (ancient monuments) cairn consisting of mound of stone 12m diam, up to 0.6m high. Retaining kerb. Some stones have been moved about by visitors (am).

Spence Bate, C., 1872, Researches into some Antient Tumuli on Dartmoor, 552-553 (Article in Serial). SDV336926.

A cairn, about forty feet in diameter, from which almost all the stones have been removed and the central cist destroyed. It was surrounded by a circle of upright stones from one to three feet high, and to the west a row of two pairs of stones.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2291-2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1977, SX56SE63 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138512.

(30/05/1950) A tumulus with a retaining circle, in poor condition. Diameter 12m, height 0.5m.
(24/08/1977) SX 59826225. This cairn, 12.5m. by 11.0m. and 0.8m. high, lies on a clitter strewn slope at 335m. above O.D. It is built of small boulders and is now much disturbed. A circle of eleven stones, one fallen, diameter 7.0m. are within the cairn, and they measure, on average, 0.6m. by 0.3m. and 0.4m. high, proud of the cairn. There is no trace of a double stone row west of the cairn.
1:10 000 survey on P.F.D. (Enlargement Survey at 1:200).

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5962 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A roughly oval mound is visible as an earthwork approximately 13 by 12m in size on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, just above the 330m contour on the south-west facing slopes below Penn Beacon.
A hollow is identifiable cut into the centre on the mound from the south-east.
The mound is probably the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138508Migrated Record: ACV.
SDV138509Report - Survey: AM.
SDV138512Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1977. SX56SE63. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV138513Migrated Record:
SDV138515Aerial Photograph:
SDV138516Migrated Record:
SDV138517Migrated Record:
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2291-2293 10-DEC-1946.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336926Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1872. Researches into some Antient Tumuli on Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 5. Digital. 552-553.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5962 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #84407 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV12913Related to: Barrow on Penn Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Sep 20 2021 3:35PM