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HER Number:MDV2403
Name:Enclosure with hut circle below Penn Beacon

Summary

A D-shaped enclosure, containing two hut circles of probable Bronze Age date has been recorded by field and aerial survey on the higher south-facing slopes of Penn Moor, abutting the eastern edge of the Rook Reave approximately 100m south of Penn Beacon.
The enclosure banks are clearly visible on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and remain identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 599 628
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Cholwich Town, Penn Beacon and Shell Top Reaves. Earthworks of Bronze Age boundary works with adjacent prehistoric enclosures and hut circles, cairns and stone rows

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/6
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • D SHAPED ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

FLEMING ET AL, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138555.

Vis=-/4/1972 (fleming et al) small enclosure lying in hollow below penn beacon. Inside enclosure is single large hut, with a smaller hut and 2 outbuildings attached to the enclosure wall. Narrow entrance in south wall. Evidence points to the following chronological sequence of construction:- i. Rook reave (which forms west side of enclosure) 2. Penn beacon settlement 3. Penn moor reave (which meets enclosure on east side, with a small gap between).

NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV138572.

Vis=22/8/1977 (os) this sub-rectangular enclosed settlement, 40m. By 40m. And 0.1 ha. , has walling, 1.6m. Wide and in poor condition, built of large boulders and contains two hut circles. One, freestanding, is probably type 2, internal diameter 6.3m. , wall 1.2m. Wide and in poor condition, terraced and with a south facing entrance, the other, integrated with the wall, is possibly type 1, internal diameter 3.7m. , wall 1.0m. Wide and in very poor condition, terraced (nmr, citing os).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138573.

Osa=sx56se64/plan.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV138574.

Aph=nmr sx 59 62.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV138575.

Aph=raf/cpe/uk 2494 3056-57.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138576.

Fleming, a. + collis, j. + jones, r. L. /pdas/31(1973)figs1,4 & 5/a late prehistoric reave system near cholwich town, dartmoor.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138577.

Rchm/monuments threatened or destroyed 1956-1962/(1963)14.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=30/3/1950 (os) a dilapidated enclosure with two hut circles inside it. The linear earthwork which appears to be cut into by this antiquity is one of the many enclosure boundaries which abound on dartmoor, it has no connection with the enclosure. Penn beacon settlement.

RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV26818.

Not recorded (rchm app 1985).

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A curvilinear bank is visible as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A curvilinear bank is visible as an earthwork.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5962 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A curvilinear bank is identifiable as an earthwork.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A stony bank up to 3m wide is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 defining a roughly D-shaped area approximately 42 by 55m across, apparently abutting the eastern edge of the Rook Reave bank, on the higher south-facing slopes of Penn Moor.
A hut circle approximately 6m in diameter is visible within the enclosure at circa SX59946280. A spread of disturbed stone over a roughly circular area approximately 15m in diameter might mark the site of a second larger hut circle that either abutted or had been incorporated into the south-eastern edge of the enclosure boundary bank.
No evidence for an entrance was identified from the sources available to the survey.
The enclosure remains identifiable as an earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138555Migrated Record: FLEMING ET AL.
SDV138572Report - Survey: NMR, CITING OS.
SDV138573Migrated Record:
SDV138574Aerial Photograph:
SDV138575Aerial Photograph:
SDV138576Migrated Record:
SDV138577Migrated Record:
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946. [Mapped feature: #84413 ]
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. OSA. Card Index.
SDV26818Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5962 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV126943Parent of: Hut circle south-west of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV126944Parent of: Hut circle south-west of Penn Beacon, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV15058Related to: Penn Moor Reave West (Monument)
MDV2566Related to: Rook Reave (Monument)
MDV14791Related to: Shell Top Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 18 2019 11:20AM