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HER Number:MDV2404
Name:Cairn on the summit of Penn Beacon

Summary

A mutilated stony mound is visible as an earthwork at the summit of Penn Beacon on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.
The mound is probably the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 599 629
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Cholwich Town, Penn Beacon and Shell Top Reaves. Earthworks of Bronze Age boundary works with adjacent prehistoric enclosures and hut circles, cairns and stone rows

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/7
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV1004.

Vis=22/9/1975 (grinsell) grass covered cairn, hollow centre wide and deep enough to have accommodated beacon fires. Diameter 22m, height 1.8m. Sited-slope.

FLEMING ET AL, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138555.

Shell top reave appears to run up to the cairn but the exact relationship is not clear as the area has been disturbed (fleming et al).

NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV138557.

Vis=23/8/1977 (os) sx 59916292. This round cairn, 22.0m. Diameter and 1.7m. High, lies on the summit of penn beacon, at 430m. Above o. D. It is of small boulders and has been much disturbed, with a central hollow, 8.0m. Diameter and 0.8m. Deep, and a modern marker cairn, 1.0m. High, on the south side. Shell top reave, sx 56 se 83, abuts the cairn on the north and stops just short to the south (nmr, citing os).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138558.

Russell, p. /tda/87(1955)266/fire beacons in devon.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138559.

Osa=sx56se60.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138560.

Grinsell, l. V. /pdas/36(1978)135.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138561.

Anon/tda/-(1902)128,131.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138562.

Anon/tda/-(1872)549.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138563.

Fleming, a. Et al. /pdas/31(1973)10 figs.1,4/late prehistoric reave system near cholwich town.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV138564.

Rchm/monuments threatened or destroyed 1956-1962/(1963)14.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=30/3/1950 (os) penn beacon, penn hill, 428m above sea level. The cairn diameter 21m, height 1.7m is mutilated and is covered by turf. The finds at penn beacon include pots of uncertain date, oval stone implement, stone implements from inside the cairn.

RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV26818.

Not recorded (rchm app 1985).

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5952 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Cairn marked on modern mapping.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A roughly circular stony mound is visible as an earthwork approximately 20m in diameter on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013, on the summit of Penn Beacon.
The mound is probably the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date.
An irregularly shaped hollow up to 8m across, identifiable in the centre on the mound is probably a result of historic excavations.
A circular stone construction atop the southern edge of the mound is probably modern disturbance.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1004Migrated Record:
SDV138555Migrated Record: FLEMING ET AL.
SDV138557Report - Survey: NMR, CITING OS.
SDV138558Migrated Record:
SDV138559Migrated Record:
SDV138560Migrated Record:
SDV138561Migrated Record:
SDV138562Migrated Record:
SDV138563Migrated Record:
SDV138564Migrated Record:
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946.
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. OSA. Card Index.
SDV26818Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5952 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002. [Mapped feature: #84415 ]
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019.

Associated Monuments

MDV2406Related to: Hut west of Penn Beacon (Building)
MDV14791Related to: Shell Top Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV5843 - LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD?)
  • FDV5842 - SHERD (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD?)

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 18 2019 11:19AM