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HER Number:MDV2404
Name:Cairn on the summit of Penn Beacon

Summary

A mutilated stony mound is visible as an earthwork at the summit of Penn Beacon on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013. The mound is probably the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 599 629
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Cholwich Town, Penn Beacon and Shell Top Reaves. Earthworks of Bronze Age boundary works with adjacent prehistoric enclosures and hut circles, cairns and stone rows

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 60
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/7
  • Pastscape: 439276

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Spence Bate, C., 1872, Researches into some Antient Tumuli on Dartmoor, 549 (Article in Serial). SDV336926.

Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 128, 131 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE60 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138559.

(30/03/1950) Penn Beacon, Penn Hill, 428m above sea level. The cairn diameter 21m, height 1.7m is mutilated and is covered by turf. The finds at penn beacon include pots of uncertain date, oval stone implement, stone implements from inside the cairn.

Russell, P., 1955, Fire Beacons in Devon, 266 (Article in Serial). SDV336138.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1963, Monuments Threatened or Destroyed, 1956-62, 14 (Un-published). SDV83845.

Fleming, A. + Collis, J., 1973, A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor, 10 figs. 1, 4 (Article in Serial). SDV358808.

Shell Top reave appears to run up to the cairn but the exact relationship is not clear as the area has been disturbed.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56SE60 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138557.

(23/08/1977) SX 59916292. This round cairn, 22.0m diameter and 1.7m high, lies on the summit of Penn Beacon, at 430m above O.D. It is of small boulders and has been much disturbed, with a central hollow, 8.0m diameter and 0.8m deep, and a modern marker cairn, 1.0m high, on the south side. Shell Top Reave, SX 56 SE 83, abuts the cairn on the north and stops just short to the south.
1:10 000 Survey on P.F.D.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 135 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(22/09/1975) Grass covered cairn, hollow centre wide and deep enough to have accommodated beacon fires. Diameter 22m, height 1.8m. Sited-slope.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5952 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Cairn marked on modern mapping.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

A disturbed stony mound is visible as an earthwork.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A roughly circular stony mound is visible as an earthwork approximately 20m in diameter on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013, on the summit of Penn Beacon.
The mound is probably the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date.
An irregularly shaped hollow up to 8m across, identifiable in the centre on the mound is probably a result of historic excavations.
A circular stone construction atop the southern edge of the mound is probably modern disturbance.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138557Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56SE60. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV138559Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE60. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946.
SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 128, 131.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 135.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336138Article in Serial: Russell, P.. 1955. Fire Beacons in Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 87. A5 Hardback. 266.
SDV336926Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1872. Researches into some Antient Tumuli on Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 5. Digital. 549.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV358808Article in Serial: Fleming, A. + Collis, J.. 1973. A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society. 31. Unknown. 10 figs. 1, 4.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5952 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002. [Mapped feature: #84415 ]
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019.
SDV83845Un-published: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1963. Monuments Threatened or Destroyed, 1956-62. Photocopy. 14.

Associated Monuments

MDV2406Related to: Hut west of Penn Beacon (Building)
MDV14791Related to: Shell Top Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV5843 - LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD?)
  • FDV5842 - SHERD (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD?)

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Mar 8 2021 8:24AM