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HER Number:MDV2411
Name:Cairn on Lee Moor

Summary

An irregularly shaped stony mound recorded by field and aerial survey on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor is probably the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date. The mound was investigated in the later 19th century and has been interpreted the remains of huts, a chambered cairn or a large cairn with inserted shelters. The mound is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013 and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 635
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/11
  • Old SAM County Ref: 581
  • Pastscape: 439208

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) CHAMBERED CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC)

Full description

Ancient Monuments, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV139133.

Vis=-/-/- (ancient monuments) cairn north of tory brook head. Large cairn 36.6m in diameter and 1.2m high. Much ruined.

RCHME APP 1988, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139135.

Not recorded (rchm app 1988).

NMR, CITING OS, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV139141.

Vis=23/8/1977 (os) at sx58666349: this cairn lies on a well drained south west facing slope at 325m. Above od. It is slightly irregular in plan, being on average 22.5m. In diameter and from 0.6m. High on the upper side to 1.8m. High on the lower side. The centre is much disturbed, with many hollows, up to 1.0m. Deep, which have been interpreted as chambers by r. N. Worth but are most probably modern windbreak shelters (nmr, citing os).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139142.

Worth, r. N. /tda/22(1890)237/a hut cluster on dartmoor.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139143.

Osa=sx56se35/plan.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139144.

Grinsell, l. V. /pdas/36(1978)164.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139145.

Rowe, s.(1896)perambulation of the forest of dartmoor, 56-7.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139146.

Des=worksheet(griffiths 1988).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139147.

Des=large-scale survey by r. Mercer/edinburgh university in parish file/no date, received from dnp 1988.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139148.

Des=national trust/the upper plym valley: the management of an historic landscape/(1994)5.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139150.

Thackray, c. /the upper plym valley: the management of an historic landscape/(1994)120-1.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV139151.

Des=os/(23/8/1977)/as above.

GRIFFITHS + ROBINSON, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV154443.

Vis=19/5/1988 (griffiths + robinson) plan made of replica hut circle (see worksheet). Turf replaced, timber removed and store walls demolished on site, leaving new cairn next to existing one (ie stones not replaced onto existing cairn). Two low cairns next to larger one, not more than 2m diameter and 0.1m high, not recorded by edinburgh university (griffiths + robinson).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV1004.

Vis=7/5/1976 (grinsell) shown on 6" os sheet as "chambered hut", an anomalous site which contained internal passages and four chambers of original or later date? diameter 24.0m by 18.0m.

Griffiths, D. M., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV3966.

Dpa reported early in 1987 that the cairn here had been partially robbed and the stone used to build a hut circle nearby (griffiths).

WORTH, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV6808.

Shell top. A chambered cairn. Externally an oval pile of small stones, internally a series of chambers were formed by dry walling, portions still intact to the height of 1.68m. No trace of roofing. There are five intact chambers with traces of two others. There is an entrance by a passage about 1.52m. Wide, opening in a kind of horn projecting lengthwise on the se. Of the longer diameter. The passage continues in a straight line, curves to the right and enlarges into a small rounded chamber. From the curved part of the passage four chambers open to the left, two smaller chambers open off a passage at an angle to the main passage. No trace of access to the other chambers, there may have been another side passage to the left, too ruinous now to determine.(worth).

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Griffiths, D., 1983, ?Quay (Worksheet). SDV13596.

Vis=-/11/1987 (griffiths) site visit: small replica hut circle circa 3m diameter (externally) with 'porch', constructed with stone walls c 1.2m - 1.5m high. Timber branches have been brought in, and turf cut from nearby to make roof (griffiths).

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133468 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(Visited 18/5/1994) Round cairn survives as a 26 metre by 24 metre by 1.2 metre high, stony mound with several hollows dug into its surface. Investigated by Worth in the latter part of the 19th century and this work revealed a small number of stone-lined chambers, which were identified as huts. In more recent years this mound has been seen as a possible chambered cairn, although it is more likely that it represents a large round cairn into which later shelters have been inserted. A band of rushes around the north and eastern edge of the cairn may represent the site of a buried ditch from which construction material was quarried.
Lies in close proximity to three further mounds which are probably broadly contemporary.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A mound is identifiable as an earthwork.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM XX-XXX-2002 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An irregularly shaped stony mound is visible as an earthwork up to circa 23m across on aerial photographs of 1946 on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor.
The mound is interpreted as the remains of a large cairn of Bronze Age date.
The mound remains clearly identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013 and digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2016.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1004Migrated Record:
SDV13596Worksheet: Griffiths, D.. 1983. ?Quay.
SDV139133Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments.
SDV139135Migrated Record: RCHME APP 1988.
SDV139141Report - Survey: NMR, CITING OS.
SDV139142Migrated Record:
SDV139143Migrated Record:
SDV139144Migrated Record:
SDV139145Migrated Record:
SDV139146Migrated Record:
SDV139147Migrated Record:
SDV139148Migrated Record:
SDV139150Migrated Record:
SDV139151Migrated Record:
SDV154443Report - Survey: GRIFFITHS + ROBINSON.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2293 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133468.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122934 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 31-MAY-2016.
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM XX-XXX-2002 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019.
SDV3966Migrated Record: Griffiths, D. M..
SDV6808Migrated Record: WORTH.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 4:19PM