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HER Number:MDV2415
Name:Stone Row 550 metres south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor

Summary

A single stone row consisting of 35 upright and 13 recumbent stones running in an east-west line from the site of a possible ring cairn at the foot of the south-western flank of Little Trowlesworthy Tor with a cairn at the head of the row marked by a circle containing one upright and eight fallen small slabs and boulders. The stones of the row are space between 0.8m and 1.0m apart and vary in height from 0.1m to 1.3m at the western terminal.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 574 639
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 15
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/13
  • Old SAM County Ref: 560B
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24229
  • Old SAM Ref: 10663
  • Pastscape: 439148

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 506-7 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.

Worth, R. N., 1892, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, 401 (Article in Serial). SDV237176.

38 stones visible in row. From the west end, for about 50 metres, the stones are regularly spaced, then comes a gap of about 20 metres after which only 6 stones of small size continue to the circle.

Rowe, S., 1896, A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 177 (Monograph). SDV249697.

Tyler, F. C., 1930-1931, Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows, 115-119 (Article in Serial). SDV251072.

The Trowlesworthy rows are included in a discussion by Tyler on the orientation of stone rows.

Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 445-7 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.

Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 232 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Other details: Figure 3.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 292 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Single stone row running west to east at Trowlesworthy Tor. At the west end is a small menhir, 1.3 metres in height and at the east end there are indications of a retaining circle the stones of the row are spaced approximately 1.5 metres. Row number 15.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE15 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV139180.

A single row 81 metres in length with a menhir at its western end, which is 1.2 metres high. At the eastern end of the row are the remains of a retaining circle 4.7 metres in diameter internally. Of the possible 8 stones which remain, three are standing. There is no sign of a barrow inside the circle.

Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 209 (Monograph). SDV231148.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56SE15, Row (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV171273.

(22/05/1977) SX 5745 6397 - SX 5755 6397: A stone row, where some of the stones are either displaced or the remains of a second row, lies on a gentle concave slope, 275m above O.D., orientated 80 degrees (grid). It is 78.0m long, bows slightly to the north and consists of 51 stones, 40 upright, average height 0.4m, 8 recumbent and 3 leaning. The west and lower end is marked by a standing stone 1.3m high and the east end by one 1.2m high.
The majority of the stones, including the west terminal, are aligned with the row.
At the east is a 4.5m diameter circle of 10 stones; average height 0.4m. There is no visible cairn or cist in the centre. Two upright stones immediately to the north west of the circle are probably associated. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on P.F.D. (1:500 enlargement survey).

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 165 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Site visited 7/5/1976) Retaining circle at higher end of stone row.

Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 254 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

National Trust and English Heritage, 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape, 13 (Report - non-specific). SDV166309.

33 distinct orthostats in a single row. A further 14 traceable, either slightly protruding through turf or detectable by probing. From the west end stones are regularly spaced for 50 metres, averaging 0.72 metres apart. After a gap of 16 metres, in marshy ground, in which only one clear upright stone is visible, a row of 5 leads to stone circle. Row changes orientation slightly at approx. midpoint. West end disturbed by pillow mound. Some of the row was destroyed for building material in 1859 (see Rowe, 1896). Other details: 102.042a..

Gerrard, S., 1994, Untitled Source, 140524 (Un-published). SDV139181.

Single stone alignment at SX57506398. Orientated east-west and includes a 79 metre long single row of at least 44 stones, with the tallest stones being present at either end. The tallest stone measures 1.2 metres high, although the average height is 0.32 metres. An encircled cairn lies at the eastern end of the alignment.

Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV139195.

Trowlesworthy West. As above. Other details: Notes in SMR.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-05-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A row of aligned stones is visible.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(16/02/2001) SX 5754 6399 to SX 5746 6398. A single stone row consisting of 35 upright and 13 recumbent stones running in an east-west line from the site of a possible ring cairn at the foot of the south-western flank of Little Trowlesworthy Tor.
The cairn at the head of the row is marked by a circle containing one upright and eight fallen small slabs and boulders. Within these is a slightly raised area, perhaps the remains of a cairn. There is no evidence to suggest the former presence of a cist.
The stones of the row are space between 0.8m and 1.0m apart and vary in height from 0.1m to 1.3m at the western terminal.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Row of stones is depicted on the modern electronic mapping.

English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

This monument includes a stone alignment, kerbed cairn, prehistoric settlement with enclosures and clearance areas, four pillow mounds, a vermin trap and three animal runs situated on a west facing slope overlooking the valley of the Blacka Brook. The stone alignment is orientated from east to west and includes a 79 metre long single row of at least 44 stones, with the tallest stones being present at either end. The tallest stone measures 1.2 metres high, although the average height is 0.32 metres. An encircled cairn lies at the eastern end of the alignment (description 1991). Other details: SAM ID: 24229.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 22-NOV-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

A row of aligned stones is visible.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

At least 40 of the individual stones within the stone row are identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007.
The paired stones are 1 to 1.5m apart, defining a narrow avenue extending for approximately 78m in a roughly West-North-West to East-South-East alignment from, circa SX5745963972 to SX5753663978. The stones are not identifiable for circa 17m centred on circa SX5751563977, possibly due to an area of peat formation.
The location of each identifiable stone has been schematically transcribed.
It was not possible to identify the cairn at the eastern end of the alignment (MDV49509) with any confidence.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV139180Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE15. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV139181Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 1994. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Unknown. 140524.
SDV139195Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Unknown.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 254.
SDV166309Report - non-specific: National Trust and English Heritage. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. 102.130. A4 Comb Bound. 13.
SDV171273Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56SE15. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown. Row.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 209.
SDV237176Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1892. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Digital. 401.
SDV249697Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 177.
SDV251072Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1930-1931. Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 16. 115-119.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 232.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 292.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 165.
SDV277110Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 506-7.
SDV304210Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12, Issue 48. Digital. 445-7.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-05-2007.
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 22-NOV-2019.

Associated Monuments

MDV49509Related to: Cairn at end of stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV32113Related to: ENCLOSURE in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2557Related to: Enclosure south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV29965Related to: PILLOW MOUND in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV29969Related to: Pillow mound south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV57381Related to: Possible pillow mound by stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV57382Related to: Possible pillow mound near stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV57380Related to: Possible pillow mound south of stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV28568Related to: Ring cairn south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV2421Related to: Stone row 440 metres south of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Mar 16 2020 10:08AM