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HER Number:MDV2421
Name:Stone row 440 metres south of Great Trowlesworthy Tor

Summary

Double stone row running north-north-east by south-south-west south of Great Trowlesworthy Tor. Alignment measures over 120 metres and includes at least 103 stones in position, although more have fallen and others may be buried. Stones are up to 0.95 metres in height. Stone circle associated with the row at its northern end. Row is cut through by the Lee Moor China Clay Works Leat. The stone row is visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 576 639
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 38
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/19
  • Old SAM County Ref: 560A
  • Old SAM Ref: 10664
  • Pastscape: 439217

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Coppard, W. J., 1860, Unknown, 70 (Article in Serial). SDV138972.

Wilkinson, J. G., 1862, On British Remains on Dartmoor, 26,35 (Article in Serial). SDV277122.

Wilkinson notes and maps Trowlesworthy circle and avenue. When entire, the avenue, or parallelithon, probably extended for over 150 meters. The stones are small, though larger than those in the avenues at castor. Other details: Plate 1.

Spence Bate, C., 1871, Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor, 506-7 (Article in Serial). SDV277110.

Worth, R. N., 1892, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, 401 (Article in Serial). SDV237176.

Row consists of 118 stones, usually in pairs - some stand singly where stones removed. Spacing of stones about 2.0 metres, width about 2.0 metres. There is a curve to the east in the alignment at the middle.

Rowe, S., 1896, A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 177 (Monograph). SDV249697.

Tyler, F. C., 1930-1931, Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows, 115-119 (Article in Serial). SDV251072.

The Trowlesworthy rows are included in a discussion by Tyler on the orientation of stone rows.

Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 445-7 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.

Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 231-232 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Site visited 17/5/1941. Plan of retaining circle with detailed measurements, showing alignment of row in relation to this. Suggests that tallest stone has been interfered with. Other details: Figure 3.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 291 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Stone row, length 130 metres, alignment 11 degrees 50". At the north end is a retaining circle. The row was disturbed by workmen in 1859.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE38 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138977.

Site visited 23/5/1950. Worth's description and dimensions are accurate.

Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 209 (Monograph). SDV231148.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX5764, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138979.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 165 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Site visited 7/5/1976) Retaining circle at higher end of stone row.

Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 254-5 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

There is some doubt if the present downslope end is original. Other details: Figure 22.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded.

Pye, A., 1992, Archaeological Watching Brief on the ECC Lee Moor works leat corridor in the Upper Plym Valley, 7 (Report - Watching Brief). SDV165953.

Double stone row with stone circle at north-east end.

National Trust and English Heritage, 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape, 16 (Report - non-specific). SDV166309.

Site visited in 1987 (estimate). Row of orthostats set in pairs at an average of 0.96 meters apart, regularly spaced at intervals of, on average, 1.76 meters. 103 stones survive in situ, while a further three may have fallen sideways from their original position and others, now overgrown with heather, were revealed by probing. The row changes orientation slightly at its approximate mid-point. A leat bisects the row, 53,50 meters from south-west end. Downslope from the leat, the row is better preserved and stones survive to a greater height.

Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV139195.

Trowlesworthy East. As above. Other details: Notes in SMR.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-05-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A row of paired stones is visible.

Hazell, E., 2001, The Decoding of Down Tor aka Hingston Hill (Unknown). SDV138973.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(12/02/2001) SX 5765 6399 to SX 5762 6385. A double stone row consisting of 99 upright and 8 recumbent stones runs south-south-west from a possible stone circle near the foot of the S flank of Little Trowlesworthy Tor.
The alleged cairn at the head of the row comprises a ring of eight stones a maximum of 1.2 meters high with no evidence of a cist and very little to suggest the former presence of a cairn. It would seem more likely to represent the remains of a small stone circle albeit only 6.0 to 6.5 meters in diameter.
The rows run for a maximum distance of 129 meters and the spacing between the stones varies between 1.0 and 2.1 meters with a gap between the rows of 0.9 to 1.8 meters.
The rows cannot be traced to the south of the small tributary of the Blacka Brook which occupies the floor of the small combe. The alleged standing stone to the south of the brook is a repositioned gatepost.

Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 2003, Untitled Source (Correspondence). SDV138963.

Scheduled Monument Consent granted for works subject to conditions recommended by English Heritage concerning the repair of broken stone.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Row depicted on digital survey.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Double stone row is depicted on the modern mapping.

English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

This double stone alignment runs north/south down the slope south of Great Trowlesworthy Tor towards Blacka Brook. It is crossed by Lee Moor China Clay Works Leat 53.5 meters from its southern end. The alignment is 128 meters in length and changes orientation close to its mid-point, turning slightly to the south-west in its southern part. The stones are up to 0.95 meters in height and are set in opposing pairs of which at least forty-eight remain, 0.96 meters apart on average and spaced at an average interval of 1.75 meters. At least 103 stones remain in place, another three are fallen and others may lie under turf and heather. At its higher, northern end there is a circular stone setting 7.0 meters in diameter consisting of eight stones up to 1.3 meters in height. There is no trace of a cairn within the circle. There is another alignment c.100 meters to the west and occupation sites in the vicinity. The Lee Moor China Clay works Leat is not included in the scheduling (amended 1992). Other details: SAM ID: 10664.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 22-NOV-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

A row of paired stones is visible.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

At least 80 individual stones within the double stone row are identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007.
The paired stones are 1 to 1.5m apart, defining a narrow avenue extending for approximately 119m in a roughly North-North-West to South-South-East alignment from, circa SX57646396 to SX57626385. The location of each identifiable stone has been schematically transcribed.
The stone row is bisected by the Lee Moor China Clay Leat at circa SX57636390.
The stone circle MDV49511 is clearly visible at the northern end of the avenue.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138963Correspondence: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2003. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Unknown.
SDV138972Article in Serial: Coppard, W. J.. 1860. Unknown. Archaeological Journal. 17. Unknown. 70.
SDV138973Unknown: Hazell, E.. 2001. The Decoding of Down Tor aka Hingston Hill. Unknown.
SDV138977Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE38. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV138979Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX5764. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 2.
SDV139195Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Unknown.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 254-5.
SDV165953Report - Watching Brief: Pye, A.. 1992. Archaeological Watching Brief on the ECC Lee Moor works leat corridor in the Upper Plym Valley. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 92.60. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 7.
SDV166309Report - non-specific: National Trust and English Heritage. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. 102.130. A4 Comb Bound. 16.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 209.
SDV237176Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1892. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Digital. 401.
SDV249697Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. A Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 177.
SDV251072Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1930-1931. Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 16. 115-119.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 231-232.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 291.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 165.
SDV277110Article in Serial: Spence Bate, C.. 1871. Prehistoric Antiquities of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. 506-7.
SDV277122Article in Serial: Wilkinson, J. G.. 1862. On British Remains on Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 18. Unknown. 26,35.
SDV304210Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12, Issue 48. Digital. 445-7.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 03-05-2007.
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 22-JUN-2018 ACCESSED 22-NOV-2019.

Associated Monuments

MDV49509Related to: Cairn at end of stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV32085Related to: Clearance cairn near stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV24933Related to: Lee Moor China Clay Leat, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV29965Related to: PILLOW MOUND in the Parish of Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV32086Related to: Possible hut near stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV57382Related to: Possible pillow mound near stone row south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV28562Related to: Standing stone by stone row south of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV49511Related to: Stone circle 370 metres south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)
MDV2415Related to: Stone Row 550 metres south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV7380 - Watching brief on the Lee Moor China Clay Leat (Ref: 92.60)
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:May 12 2020 2:15PM